Demand came from such applications as superconductivity research, which fueled the development of MRI; from welding, where helium is
used as a shielding gas; and from semiconductor and optical fiber production.
essential to many applications such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); fiber optics and semiconductor manufacturing; metallurgy; breathing atmospheres for deep diving or unique blood gas medical mixtures; lifting for high altitude scientific research balloons, blimps; and other advanced applications.
predominantly extracted during natural gas processing.
It is forecast that the demand for Helium is
expected to witness maximum growth from Asia Pacific region as almost all the end user industries are witnessing robust growth in the region such as MRI, Optical Fiber, Cryogenics, Welding, Electronics, Diving, etc.
Because of its unique properties, helium is
used in many fields such as medical diagnosis, scientific research, high-tech manufacturing and space exploration.
the second element of the periodic table and is one of the most abundant elements in the universe, yet it is fairly rare on Earth.
A world shortage of liquid helium is
expected to remain severe at least until the second half of 2013.
the only element that can remain at a sufficiently cold temperature to allow for the stable and uniform magnetic field the MRI scanners need to work.
produced as a by-product of natural gas refinement.
Worldwide demand for helium is
ballooning," says Bureau of Land Management spokesman Hans Smart.
Superfluid helium does not support the formation of bubbles within the target chambers, and more importantly, the small-angle neutron scattering cross-section of superfluid helium is
smaller than normal liquid helium by a factor of 5 [11,12].
According to theory, when liquid helium is
pushed through a tiny hole at ultracold temperatures, the substance oscillates at a frequency that, when amplified electronically, sounds like a whistle.