hemlock


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Related to hemlock: hemlock tree, Conium maculatum
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hemlock
eastern hemlock
Tsuga canadensis

hem·lock

 (hĕm′lŏk′)
n.
1.
a. Any of various coniferous evergreen trees of the genus Tsuga of North America and eastern Asia, having small cones and short flat leaves with two white bands underneath.
b. The wood of such trees, used as a source of lumber, wood pulp, and tannic acid.
2.
a. Any of several poisonous plants of the genera Conium and Cicuta of the parsley family, such as the poison hemlock.
b. A poison obtained from the poison hemlock.

[Middle English hemlok, poisonous hemlock, from Old English hymlice, hemlic.]

hemlock

(ˈhɛmˌlɒk)
n
1. (Plants) an umbelliferous poisonous Eurasian plant, Conium maculatum, having finely divided leaves, spotted stems, and small white flowers. US name: poison hemlock See also water hemlock
2. (Plants) a poisonous drug derived from this plant
3. (Plants) Also called: hemlock spruce any coniferous tree of the genus Tsuga, of North America and E Asia, having short flat needles: family Pinaceae. See also western hemlock
4. (Plants) the wood of any of these trees, used for lumber and as a source of wood pulp
[Old English hymlic; perhaps related to hymele hop plant, Middle Low German homele, Old Norwegian humli, Old Slavonic chǔmelï]

hem•lock

(ˈhɛmˌlɒk)

n.
1. a poisonous plant, Conium maculatum, of the parsley family, having finely divided leaves and umbels of small white flowers.
2. a poisonous drink made from this plant.
3. any of various related plants, esp. of the genus Cicuta, as the water hemlock.
4. Also called hem′lock spruce′. any of several tall coniferous trees of the genus Tsuga, of the pine family, having short, blunt needles and small cones.
5. the soft, light wood of a hemlock tree, used in making paper and in construction.
[before 900; Middle English hemlok, humlok, Old English hymlic, hemlic; perhaps akin to Old English hymele hop plant]

hem·lock

(hĕm′lŏk′)
1. Any of various coniferous evergreen trees of North America and eastern Asia, having small cones and short, flat leaves with two white bands underneath.
2. Any of several poisonous European plants that have small, white flowers.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hemlock - poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Coniumhemlock - poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Conium; "Socrates refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock"
phytotoxin, plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin
2.hemlock - large branching biennial herb native to Eurasia and Africa and adventive in North America having large fernlike leaves and white flowershemlock - large branching biennial herb native to Eurasia and Africa and adventive in North America having large fernlike leaves and white flowers; usually found in damp habitats; all parts extremely poisonous
Conium, genus Conium - small genus of highly toxic biennials: hemlock
poisonous plant - a plant that when touched or ingested in sufficient quantity can be harmful or fatal to an organism
3.hemlock - soft coarse splintery wood of a hemlock tree especially the western hemlock
hemlock tree, hemlock - an evergreen tree
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
4.hemlock - an evergreen treehemlock - an evergreen tree      
genus Tsuga, Tsuga - hemlock; hemlock fir; hemlock spruce
hemlock - soft coarse splintery wood of a hemlock tree especially the western hemlock
Canadian hemlock, eastern hemlock, spruce pine, Tsuga canadensis - common forest tree of the eastern United States and Canada; used especially for pulpwood
Carolina hemlock, Tsuga caroliniana - medium-sized evergreen of southeastern United States having spreading branches and widely diverging cone scales
black hemlock, mountain hemlock, Tsuga mertensiana - large evergreen of western United States; wood much harder than Canadian hemlock
Pacific hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla, west coast hemlock, western hemlock - tall evergreen of western North America; commercially important timber tree
conifer, coniferous tree - any gymnospermous tree or shrub bearing cones
Translations
bolehlav
HemlocktanneSchierling
hemlokkimyrkkykatko
ciguëcigüe
bürök
ツガドクニンジン
szczwół

hemlock

[ˈhemlɒk] N (= plant, poison) → cicuta f

hemlock

[ˈhɛmlɒk] nciguë f

hemlock

n (Bot: = poisonous plant) → Schierling m; (= tree)Schierlings- or Hemlocktanne f; (= poison)Schierling(saft) m; Socrates drank the hemlockSokrates trank den Schierlingsbecher

hemlock

[ˈhɛmˌlɒk] ncicuta
References in classic literature ?
I should be obliged if you would gather some hemlock leaves and send them to me.
Sir Charles is going to town on Thursday; he will bring you the hemlock.
A narrow current rushed impetuously from its bosom at the open place we have mentioned, and was to be traced for miles, as it wound its way toward the south through the real valley, by its borders of hemlock and pine, and by the vapor which arose from its warmer surface into the chill atmosphere of the hills.
Although poplars had been brought from Europe to ornament the grounds, and willows and other trees were gradually springing up nigh the dwelling, yet many a pile of snow betrayed the presence of the stump of a pine; and even, in one or two instances, unsightly remnants of trees that had been partly destroyed by fire were seen rearing their black, glistening columns twenty or thirty feet above the pure white of the snow, These, which in the language of the country are termed stubs, abounded in the open fields adjacent to the village, and were accompanied, occasionally, by the ruin of a pine or a hemlock that had been stripped of its bark, and which waved in melancholy grandeur its naked limbs to the blast, a skeleton of its former glory.
The whole coast is described as remarkably rugged and mountainous; with dense forests of hemlock, spruce, white and red cedar, cotton-wood, white oak, white and swamp ash, willow, and a few walnut.
Abreast of the schoolhouse the road forked, and we dipped down a lane to the left, between hemlock boughs bent inward to their trunks by the weight of the snow.
And there were other sensations, less definable but more exquisite, which drew them together with a shock of silent joy: the cold red of sunset behind winter hills, the flight of cloud-flocks over slopes of golden stubble, or the intensely blue shadows of hemlocks on sunlit snow.
The fall of snowflakes in a still air, preserving to each crystal its perfect form; the blowing of sleet over a wide sheet of water, and over plains; the waving ryefield; the mimic waving of acres of houstonia, whose innumerable florets whiten and ripple before the eye; the reflections of trees and flowers in glassy lakes; the musical steaming odorous south wind, which converts all trees to windharps; the crackling and spurting of hemlock in the flames, or of pine logs, which yield glory to the walls and faces in the sittingroom,--these are the music and pictures of the most ancient religion.
Beth was sorting the cones that lay thick under the hemlock near by, for she made pretty things with them.
sighed Rebecca, who was tasting the bitterness of hemlock and wondering if she could keep the tears back until the interview was over.
Alec, as he left the breakfast table to open the door for a procession of holly, hemlock, and cedar boughs that came marching up the steps.
EVIDENTLY that gate is never opened, for the long grass and the great hemlocks grow close against it, and if it were opened, it is so rusty that the force necessary to turn it on its hinges would be likely to pull down the square stone-built pillars, to the detriment of the two stone lionesses which grin with a doubtful carnivorous affability above a coat of arms surmounting each of the pillars.