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A figure of speech in which two words connected by a conjunction are used to express a single notion that would normally be expressed by an adjective and a substantive, such as grace and favor instead of gracious favor.

[Late Latin, from Greek hen dia duoin, one by means of two : hen, neuter of heis, one; see sem- in Indo-European roots + dia, through + duoin, genitive of duo, two; see dwo- in Indo-European roots.]


(Rhetoric) a rhetorical device by which two nouns joined by a conjunction, usually and, are used instead of a noun and a modifier, as in to run with fear and haste instead of to run with fearful haste
[C16: from Medieval Latin, changed from Greek phrase hen dia duoin, literally: one through two]


(hɛnˈdaɪ ə dɪs)

a figure of speech in which an idea is expressed by two nouns connected by and instead of a noun and modifier, as in to look with eyes and envyinstead of to look with envious eyes.
[1580–90; < Medieval Latin; alter. of Greek phrase hèn dià dyoîn one through two, one by means of two]


a rhetorical device in which a complex idea is expressed by two substantives joined by a conjunction instead of by a substantive qualified by an adjective.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices


The use of two nouns joined by a conjunction instead of one noun and an adjective, such as in “in spite and hatred“ rather than ”in spiteful hatred.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hendiadys - use of two conjoined nouns instead of a noun and modifier
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, if one proceeds from the traditional definition of 'automaton', Anteo's label of "automaton-creator" appears to be a contradiction, as the first term of the hendiadys refers to a self-operating machine that can reproduce certain tasks, but lacks the freedom and creativity that the idea of generation implies.
Hendiadys (literally, one through two, one by means of two) comes to mind.
Bray, "Necessary and Proper" and "Cruel and Unusual": Hendiadys in the Constitution, 102 VA.
He contends that for Browning, like Hopkins, Shakespeare resonates most not in direct allusions to the plays, but rather in the language of the poetry itself, particularly in rhetorical figures such as asyndeton (the dropping of connectives) and hendiadys (Chapter 12, "Oracle Meets Wit").
This does not, however, mean that the underlying Greek contained two words instead of one; the use of the hendiadys here is just part of the translation process.
Effectively, hendiadys is most common in Hamlet, as the author asserts, but the definition given should be more precise.
In Plato, the term is in hendiadys with entirely negative terms (cf.
The abstract noun kalokagathia, the adjective kalokagathos, and the adjectives kalos (k)agathos (fine-and-good), paired as a hendiadys are found a few times in the Hippocratic Corpus and the fifth-century authors Aristophanes, Antiphon the Sophist, Lysias, Andocides, Isaeus, Herodotus, and Thucydides, but are considerably more frequent in the fourth-century authors Isocrates, Xenophon, and Aristotle.
66) Yet, as George Ganss shows in his commentary on the Exercises, the formula was probably mere rhetorical shorthand, even hendiadys, for the common assumption that humanity should honor divinity.
As a person who often records her responses to her reading, from newspapers to novels, Gratz, even with her seeming haste, effortlessly executes example after example of hendiadys, the figure of speech in which a single idea is expressed by two nouns instead of a noun and its qualifier.
This poem lacks the rhyme we associate with the melodie lyrics of Gautier and du Masset, but it mirrors the rhetorical structure, with the turn at the end of the stanza built on a simple hendiadys figure to offer generalization from nuances of observation.
That's three hours wasted with narishkayt, stuff and nonsense, and that's a good hendiadys, my dear friend, which means an expression connected by 'and.