This belief in henotheism
renders Hindus unable to accept the legitimacy of truth claims made by monotheistic religions that only one God exists and considers worshiping several deities idolatrous.
Second, you are to eschew that henotheism
that turns human institutions or leaders into gods.
That is, henotheism
"is polytheism [the belief in the existence of many gods] with an emphasis on loyalty to only one of the gods, or in the superiority of one's own god over the gods of foreigners.
See Tillich above on idolatry; for henotheism
, see Niebuhr, H.
17) Or even just the supposedly more "primitive" henotheism
, addressing the highest among other gods.
According to Aslan,] idols and images relating to "polytheism, henotheism
, monotheism, Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Hanifism, paganism in all its varieties," were all deposited in the black cube of the Ka'bah in Mecca, as a sort of repository for the gods, until Muhammad's revelations caused their removal.
Initially, Freud echoes James Breasted's view that there was a tendency toward henotheism
(a nonexclusive form of monotheism) already before the time of Akhenaten.
Attempts by other scholars to introduce such terms as henotheism
or monolatry were inadequate, Rowley believed, to describe the deep inner logic belonging to Israel's claim that the one Lord God was superior to all other divine or human powers.
The Master of the Cosmos is not chthonic, and Judaism cannot slouch toward henotheism
, the belief that divinity is linked to a specific place and people.
The variety of Hindu gods that are used as Holy Names is not necessarily indicative of polytheism but, according to Hans Kung, is more properly identified with henotheism
, the veneration of one God and the quasi-Divine veneration of other figures.
9) Some scholars argue that henotheism
rather than monotheism is supported.
Religious ideology and religious practice must, first, over the long millennia gradually get the objective world organized and unified, for example by gradually moving from animism to polytheism, to henotheism
and monotheism and then to naturalism.