heresy


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her·e·sy

 (hĕr′ĭ-sē)
n. pl. her·e·sies
1.
a. An opinion or a doctrine at variance with established religious beliefs, especially dissension from or denial of Roman Catholic dogma by a professed believer or baptized church member.
b. Adherence to such dissenting opinion or doctrine.
2.
a. A controversial or unorthodox opinion or doctrine, as in politics, philosophy, or science.
b. Adherence to such controversial or unorthodox opinion.

[Middle English heresie, from Old French, from Late Latin haeresis, from Late Greek hairesis, from Greek, a choosing, faction, from haireisthai, to choose, middle voice of hairein, to take.]

heresy

(ˈhɛrəsɪ)
n, pl -sies
1. (Theology)
a. an opinion or doctrine contrary to the orthodox tenets of a religious body or church
b. the act of maintaining such an opinion or doctrine
2. any opinion or belief that is or is thought to be contrary to official or established theory
3. belief in or adherence to unorthodox opinion
[C13: from Old French eresie, from Late Latin haeresis, from Latin: sect, from Greek hairesis a choosing, from hairein to choose]

her•e•sy

(ˈhɛr ə si)

n., pl. -sies.
1. a religious belief that is at variance with the orthodox or accepted doctrine of a church.
2. the maintaining of such a belief or doctrine.
3. the willful and persistent rejection of any belief that is part of church doctrine.
4. any belief or theory that is at variance with established beliefs, customs, etc.
[1175–1225; < Old French eresie < Latin haeresis school of thought, sect < Greek haíresis literally, act of choosing, derivative of haireîn to choose]

Heresy


1. the tenet of a 4th-century Arian sect that God’s omniscience was restricted to contemporary time.
2. the tenet of a 6th-century Monophysite sect that Christ possessed no omniscience. — Agnoete, Agnoite, n.
the beliefs and principles of an 11th-century Catharist sect of southern France, exterminated in the 13th century by order of Pope Innocent III. See Catharism. — Albigenses, n. pl. — Albigensian, n., adj.
a late 4th-century heretical doctrine asserting that Christ had a perfect divine nature, an imperfect human nature, and a mind replaced by the Logos. — Apollinarian, n., adj.
the heretical doctrine of Arius (d. 336) that Christ the Son was not the substance or nature as God the Father. — Arian, n.
the beliefs of Berengar de Tours, 11th-century French churchman, especially his denial of transubstantiation. — Berengarian, n., adj.
the beliefs of a 4th-century Gnostic sect, especially that the Old Testament concerns a demiurge and not God and that Cain, whom they revered, had been maligned. Cf. Gnosticism. — Cainite, n.
the beliefs of several sects in medieval Europe, especially the denial of infant baptism, purgatory, the communion of saints, images, and the doctrine of the Trinity; the abrogation of the institution of marriage; and the practice of rigorous asceticism. — Cathar, Cathari, Catharist, n. — Catharistic, adj.
the Monophysitic tenet of Cyril, 5th-century archbishop of Alex-andria, that Christ had only one nature, a composite of the human and the divine. — Cyrillian, n., adj.
a very early heretical belief that held that Christ’s body was not material or real, but only the appearance of a body. — Docetae, n. pl.
a heretical cult in N. Africa during the 4th through 7th centuries that emphasized high morality and rebaptism as necessary for church mem-bership and considered invalid a sacrament celebrated by an immoral priest. — Donatist, n. — Donatistic, adj.
the beliefs of a Judaistic Christian Gnostic sect of the 2nd century, especially partial observation of Jewish law, rejection of St. Paul and gentile Christianity, acceptance of only one gospel (Matthew), and an early adoptionist Christology. — Ebionite, n. — Ebionitic, adj.
beliefs and practices of the Encratites, a 2nd-century Gnostic sect that renounced marriage and abstained from flesh and wine. — Encratist, n.
a member of a heretical sect, followers of Bishop Eudoxius, of Constantinople, who held extreme Arian views.
the beliefs and practices of pre-Christian and early Christian sects, condemned by the church, especially the conviction that matter is evil and that knowledge is more important than faith, and the practice of esoteric mysticism. Cf. Cainism, Manichaeism, Valentinianism. — Gnostic, n., adj.
1. the originator of a heresy.
2. the leader of a group of heretics.
a fighter of heresy and heretics.
a systematic exposition on heresy.
1. Theology. the study of heresies.
2. a reference work on heresies. — heresiologist, n.
1. a religious opinion or doctrine at variance with accepted doctrine.
2. a willful and persistent rejection of any article of the faith by a baptized member of the Roman Catholic Church.
3. any belief or theory strongly at variance with established opinion. — heretic, n. — heretical, adj.
Rare. 1. the killing of a heretic.
2. the killer of a heretic. — heretocidal, adj.
a mania for idols.
a heretical doctrine of the 17th and 18th centuries denying free-dom of the will, accepting absolute predestination for part of mankind and condemnation to hell for the others, and emphasizing puritanical moral attitudes. — Jansenist, n., adj.
an adherent of Jovinian, a 4th-century monk who opposed asceti-cism and denied the virginity of Mary.
the doctrines of Macedonius, 4th-century bishop of Constan-tinople, who denied the divinity of the Holy Ghost. — Macedonian, n.
1. the doctrines and practices of the dualistic religious system of Manes, a blending of Gnostic Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and other elements, especially doctrines of a cosmic conflict between forces of light and darkness, the darkness and evilness of matter, and the necessity for a sexual, vegetarian asceticism.
2. any similar dualistic system, considered heretical by orthodox Christian standards. Cf. Gnosticism. — Manichean, n., adj. — Manicheistic, adj.
the theological doctrine that the members of the Trinity are not three separate persons but modes or forms of God’s self-expression. — modalist, n. — modalistic, adj.
Sabellianism.
the doctrine advanced by some Lutheran theologians that spiritual renewal is exclusively the activity of the Holy Spirit. Cf. synergism. — monergist, n. — monergistic, adj.
the 2nd-century doctrines of Montanus of Phrygia, who believed that the Holy Spirit, or Paraclete, dwelt within him and made him its instrument for guiding men in the Christian way. Cf. Tertullianism. — Montanist, n.
1. the beliefs and practices of llth-century Bulgarian Manicheans who migrated to the Pataria section of Milan. Also called Pataria.
2. the beliefs and practices of various Cathari sects in France and Bulgaria. — Patarine, Patarene, n.
a heretical doctrine denying the distinct personhood of the Trinity and asserting that God the Father became incarnate and suffered for mans redemption. — Patripassian, n.
the heretical doctrines of Pelagius, 4th-century British monk, especially a denial of original sin and man’s fallen spiritual nature, and an assertion that man’s goodness was sufficiënt for him to work out his salva-tion without the assistance of the Holy Spirit. Cf. Semi-Pelagianism. — Pelagian, n., adj.
a member of an early Christian sect that denied the reality of Christ’s body.
the heresy of Photinus, 4th-century bishop of Sirmium, deposed because he denied the divinity of Christ.
the concepts of Priscillian, 4th-century bishop of Avila, exe-cuted for heresies influenced by Manichaeism, Docetism, and modalism. — Priscillianist, n., adj.
a 17th-century Christian mystical theory, originated in Spain by Molinos and promulgated in France by Fénelon, involving passive contem-plation and surrender of the will to God and indifference to the demands of the self or the outside world, declared heretical through efforts of the Inquisition. — quietist, n., adj.
Socinianism, so called because the sect was headquartered in Racow, Poland. Cf. Socinianism.
the modalistic doctrines of Sabellius, 3rd-century prelate, espe-cially that the Trinity has but one divine essence and that the persons are only varying manifestations of God. Also called Modalistic Monarchianism. — Sabellian, n., adj.
a heretical doctrine, of the 5th century that accepted the doctrine of original sin but asserted that man’s turning to God of his own free will, not after the provocation of the Holy Ghost, begins the process of spiritual rebirth. Cf. Pelagianism.
the heretical tenets of Faustus Socinius, a 16th-century Italian theologian, denying the divinity of Christ, the existence of Satan, original sin, the atonement, and eternal punishment, and explaining sin and salva-tion in rationalistic terms. Cf. Racovianism. — Socinian, n., adj.
an ancient heretical doctrine, extant since the 3rd century, which holds that spiritual renewal is a cooperative endeavor between a person and the Holy Ghost. Cf. Pelagianism, Semi-Pelagianism. — synergist, n. — synergistic, adj.
1. the act or process of subterfuge or evasion.
2. the abandoning of a cause or belief; apostasy. — tergiversator, n.
a form of Montanism, as modified by Tertullian in about 203, which opposed second marriages and absolution for penitents. Cf. Montanism. — Tertullianist, n.
a 6th-century heretical doctrine maintaining that Christ had only one nature, the divine, and that this nature suffered at the Crucifixion. — Theopaschite, n.
a 2nd-century blending of Egyptian Gnosticism and Christi-anity into a system of heretical doctrines, especially the denial that Christ took his human nature from the Virgin Mary. Cf. Gnosticism. — Valentinian, n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.heresy - any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox positionheresy - any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
iconoclasm - the orientation of an iconoclast
orientation - an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs
nonconformance, nonconformism, nonconformity - a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs
2.heresy - a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
Arianism - heretical doctrine taught by Arius that asserted the radical primacy of the Father over the Son
Marcionism - the Christian heresy of the 2nd and 3rd centuries that rejected the Old Testament and denied the incarnation of God in Jesus as a human
Monophysitism - a Christian heresy of the 5th and 6th centuries that challenged the orthodox definition of the two natures (human and divine) in Jesus and instead believed there was a single divine nature
Monothelitism - the theological doctrine that Christ had only one will even though he had two natures (human and divine); condemned as heretical in the Third Council of Constantinople
Nestorianism - the theological doctrine (named after Nestorius) that Christ is both the son of God and the man Jesus (which is opposed to Roman Catholic doctrine that Christ is fully God)
Pelagianism - the theological doctrine put forward by Pelagius which denied original sin and affirmed the ability of humans to be righteous; condemned as heresy by the Council of Ephesus in 431
Docetism - the heretical doctrine (associated with the Gnostics) that Jesus had no human body and his sufferings and death on the cross were apparent rather than real
Gnosticism - a religious orientation advocating gnosis as the way to release a person's spiritual element; considered heresy by Christian churches
tritheism - (Christianity) the heretical belief that the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit are three separate gods
Albigensianism, Catharism - a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism (asserted the coexistence of two mutually opposed principles, one good and one evil); was exterminated for heresy during the Inquisition
Zurvanism - a heretical Zoroastrian doctrine holding that Zurvan was the ultimate source of the universe and that both Ahura Mazda and Ahriman were Zurvan's offspring

heresy

noun unorthodoxy, apostasy, dissidence, impiety, revisionism, iconoclasm, heterodoxy It might be considered heresy to suggest such a notion.
Quotations
"The heresy of one age becomes the orthodoxy of the next" [Helen Keller Optimism]
"They that approve a private opinion, call it opinion; but they that mislike it, heresy; and yet heresy signifies no more than private opinion" [Thomas Hobbes Leviathan]
Translations
بِدْعَه، هَرْطَقَه
kacířství
kætteri
harhaoppikerettiläisyysvääräoppisuusvääräuskoisuus
eretnekség
villutrú, trúvilla
異端邪宗邪教
eretikaseretiškaserezija
ķecerība
kacírstvo
dalâletfikirsapkınlık

heresy

[ˈherəsɪ] Nherejía f

heresy

[ˈhɛrɪsi] n
(RELIGION)hérésie f
(fig) (= unacceptable view) → hérésie f
to be regarded as heresy [view] → être considéré(e) comme une hérésie

heresy

nKetzerei f, → Häresie f (spec); heresiesKetzereien pl, → ketzerische Lehren pl

heresy

[ˈhɛrəsɪ] neresia

heresy

(ˈherəsi) noun
(the holding or teaching of) an (especially religious) opinion which differs from the official opinion.
ˈheretic (-tik) noun
a person who holds or teaches such an opinion.
heretical (həˈretikl) adjective
References in classic literature ?
Among the lookers-on there was the same expression in all quarters of the court; insomuch, that a great majority of the foreheads there, might have been mirrors reflecting the witness, when the Judge looked up from his notes to glare at that tremendous heresy about George Washington.
Poor Dolly's exposition of her simple Raveloe theology fell rather unmeaningly on Silas's ears, for there was no word in it that could rouse a memory of what he had known as religion, and his comprehension was quite baffled by the plural pronoun, which was no heresy of Dolly's, but only her way of avoiding a presumptuous familiarity.
That the said Quinbus Flestrin, having brought the imperial fleet of Blefuscu into the royal port, and being afterwards commanded by his imperial majesty to seize all the other ships of the said empire of Blefuscu, and reduce that empire to a province, to be governed by a viceroy from hence, and to destroy and put to death, not only all the Big-endian exiles, but likewise all the people of that empire who would not immediately forsake the Big-endian heresy, he, the said Flestrin, like a false traitor against his most auspicious, serene, imperial majesty, did petition to be excused from the said service, upon pretence of unwillingness to force the consciences, or destroy the liberties and lives of an innocent people.
There never were greater hopes of uniting this people to the Church of Rome, which their adherence to the Eutichian heresy has made very difficult, than in the time of Sultan Segued, who called us into his dominions in the year 1625, from whence we were expelled in 1634.
I incline to Cain's heresy," he used to say quaintly: "I let my brother go to the devil in his own way.
cried the Jesuit, "for that thesis touches closely upon heresy.
Observe that the word "religione" was suffered to stand in the text of the Testina, being used to signify indifferently every shade of belief, as witness "the religion," a phrase inevitably employed to designate the Huguenot heresy.
But the measures by which it was intended to purge the land of heresy, though more than sufficiently vigorous, were entirely unsuccessful.
Knowing from any thing but feeling and the innate evidence of our sympathies, seems to me something like heresy in friendship.
it is heresy to say that in this house, Lady Markby.
While the epic mania, while the idea that to merit in poetry prolixity is indispensable, has for some years past been gradually dying out of the public mind, by mere dint of its own absurdity, we find it succeeded by a heresy too palpably false to be long tolerated, but one which, in the brief period it has already endured, may be said to have accomplished more in the corruption of our Poetical Literature than all its other enemies combined.
My fair friends will deem all this rank heresy, I know.