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A substance added to another substance to modify, dilute, or add to it: meatloaf that contained oatmeal as an extender.


1. a person or thing that extends
2. (Chemical Engineering) a substance, such as French chalk or china clay, added to paints to give them body and decrease their rate of settlement
3. (Chemical Engineering) a substance added to glues and resins to dilute them or to modify their viscosity
4. (Chemistry) a substance added to elastomers to assist the plasticizer
5. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing the part of certain lower-case letters that extends either above (the ascender) or below (the descender) the body of the letter


(ɪkˈstɛn dər)

a substance added to another substance, as to paint or food, to increase its volume or bulk.


n extensor m; penis — extensor de pene
References in periodicals archive ?
Intraoperative fluid therapy consisted of a continuous-rate infusion of a balanced electrolyte solution (10 mL/kg per hour) and bolus of hetastarch (10 mL/kg; Vetstarch, Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL, USA), administered via an intraosseous catheter (22gauge spinal needle) placed in the right distal ulna.
Consequently, for the past decade the Tactical Combat Casualty Care committee recommended Hextend, a hetastarch based product in a balanced salt solution, as the fluid of choice for small volume resuscitation, with guidance to limit the total infusion to one liter based on the casualty's mental status or pulse character.
Wilkes NJ, Woolf R, Mutch M, Mallett SV, Peachey T, Stephens R, Mythen MG 2001 The effects of balanced versus saline-based hetastarch and crystalloid solutions on acid-base and electrolyte status and gastric mucosal perfusion in elderly surgical patients Anesthesia & Analgesia 93 811-816
Changes in intracranial pressure, coagulation, and neurologic outcome after resuscitation from experimental traumatic brain injury with hetastarch.
Metronidazole (10 mg/kg BID) and Hetastarch (20 ml/kg/day IV) were administered for one day prior to the procedure.
Hextend (6% Hetastarch in Lactated Electrolyte Injection) is BioTime's commercially-available blood plasma volume expander used to treat hypovolemia (low blood volume).
Common colloids include whole blood, packed red blood cells (RBCs), plasma, Hetastarch (hydroxyethyl starch), and dextrans (Dextran 70 and Dextran 40).
Em relacao ao uso de expansores do plasma, BEAL (2005) recomenda o Hetastarch a 6% (derivado da amilopectina) em dose de 5-20ml [kg.
Volume replacement can be accomplished with concurrent administration of crystalloid or other volume expanders, such as hetastarch (Hespan) or albumin.