heterologous


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Related to heterologous: heterologous vaccine, heterologous protein

het·er·ol·o·gous

 (hĕt′ə-rŏl′ə-gəs)
adj.
1.
a. Not corresponding or similar in position, value, structure, or function; not homologous.
b. Biology Relating to traits, such as organs or body parts, that do not correspond in structure or evolutionary origin.
2. Derived from a different species: a heterologous transplant; a heterologous gene.
3. Genetics Relating to chromosomes that do not normally pair during mitosis or meiosis.
4. Relating to cells or tissues that do not usually occur in a given part of the body: a heterologous tumor.
5. Immunology
a. Relating to a vaccine or serum that confers immunity against a pathogen that is not identical to but is immunologically related to the pathogen used to create the vaccine or serum.
b. Relating to an antigen and antibody that do not correspond to one another.

[hetero- + Greek logos, word, relation; see -logy + -ous.]

het′er·ol′o·gy (-jē) n.
het′er·ol′o·gous·ly adv.

heterologous

(ˌhɛtəˈrɒləɡəs)
adj
1. (Pathology) pathol of, relating to, or designating cells or tissues not normally present in a particular part of the body
2. (Biology) (esp of parts of an organism or of different organisms) differing in structure or origin
ˌheterˈologously adv
ˌheterˈology n

het•er•ol•o•gous

(ˌhɛt əˈrɒl ə gəs)

adj.
1. of unlike evolutionary origin, as apparently similar organic structures.
2. consisting of dissimilar tissue, as that of another species or that of a tumor.
3. pertaining to an antigen that elicits a reaction in more than one kind of antibody.
[1815–25]
het`er•ol′o•gy (-dʒi) n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.heterologous - not corresponding in structure or evolutionary origin
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
analogous - corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin; "the wings of a bee and those of a hummingbird are analogous"
homologous - having the same evolutionary origin but not necessarily the same function; "the wing of a bat and the arm of a man are homologous"
2.heterologous - derived from organisms of a different but related species; "a heterologous graft"
autologous - derived from organisms of the selfsame individual; "autologous blood donation"
homologous - corresponding or similar in position or structure or function or characteristics; especially derived from an organism of the same species; "a homologous tissue graft"
Translations

het·er·ol·o·gous

a. heterólogo-a; derivado de un organismo o especie diferente.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emphasis will be placed on early rapid, iterative, small Experimental medicine (EM) human vaccine studies to select and refine the best immunogens, adjuvants, vectors, homologous and heterologous prime boost schedules, and determine the impact of host factors such as gender and genetics.
pastors X33 (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA, USA) were used as the host strains for plasmid amplification and heterologous YML production.
Occasionally, heterologous elements (such as bone or cartilage) are seen.
The remainder of the patients will receive both viruses using a heterologous prime-boost vaccination strategy, with dosing separated by a two-week interval.
As vaccine candidates display efficacy against homologous parasites that meets or exceeds the levels called for by the target product profile, demand for heterologous challenges is increasing.
The MVA-based vaccine was well tolerated and induced antibodies to both the homologous (A/Vietnam/1194/2004, clade 1) and a heterologous (A/Indonesia/5/2005, clade 2.
However, its Gram-negative status, giving cause to problems related to the presence of endotoxins, renders it unable to efficiently secrete heterologous proteins into the medium.
Biologic grafts are classified as autologous or heterologous.
The virus challenge included 4,000 real-time polymerase chain reaction genome equivalents of a heterologous GII.
We first conducted a host origin comparison experiment to evaluate how symbiosis rates vary among homologous Symbiodinium, heterologous Symbiodinium isolated from corals and anemones, seawater-origin Symbiodinium, and a mixture of these various Symbiodinium.
Furthermore, mRNA vaccines provided heterologous protection; vaccination with PR8 nucleoprotein (NP) mRNA led to protection against homologous PR8 (H1N1) or heterologous MB1 (H5N1) virus.
1) Specifically, they ask whether documented scenarios involving the heterologous transplantation of ovarian tissue from one identical twin to her sister, or the transplantation of ovarian tissue from nonidentical sisters, both followed by natural conception, reveal a tension at the heart of the Catholic Church's opposition to heterologous procreation: "Is this opposition rooted in the tradition's nondualistic view of the body and a natural law understanding of the necessary integration of marriage, sex, and procreation?