1595-1657) in founding a dynasty to rule as hetmans in Ukraine.
The "messianic" status of hetman assisted him well in converting this popularity into concrete, real power, effectively challenging the existing military-democratic tradition of the Zaporozhian Cossack Host, according to which hetmans were elected, controlled, and deposed by a "general Cossack council" (zahalna rada)--an assembly of all serving Cossacks of all ranks.
At the same time, Buturlin's testimony points at the process of creation of a new political tradition in Cossack Ukraine, which occurred as the merging of elements of two distinct traditions: a "dynastic succession," which was characterized by a [selection of an heir, and his subsequent formal confirmation at the council, the latter element being a formality, a nod to the previous Cossack tradition of electing hetmans.
35) The hetman went on to reproach his political opponents, the former hetmans Yurii Khmel'nyts'kyi and Ivan Vyhovs'kyi, by suggesting that they were "the wicked servants" while he "chooses a different path.
47) In August 1677, a huge Turkish-Tatar army besieged Chyhyryn with the purpose of returning this capital of Ukrainian Cossack hetmans to Khmel'nyts'kyi.
Thus, Orthodox metropolitans and Cossack hetmans
alike had shared interests in preserving their autonomy.
But the Ukrainian Cossacks and their Hetmans were never known for their unflinching loyalty to the Russian Tsar.
then he will "gird the cloak of the Hetmans of Old Ukraine.
The alignment of the Right-Bank hetmans with the Muslims was perceived as the greater threat by the tsarist court as well as the leading members of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, whose well-being and security depended on the tsar.
As the vassal of the Turkish sultan, Bohdan Khmel'nyts'kyi's son participated in two Ottoman attacks on the Cossack-and-Muscovite-defended fortress of Chyhyryn, the capital of Western-Ukrainian Cossack hetmans (1677-1678).
The central historical figure of volume ten is Hetman Ivan Vyhovsky, whose portrait appears on the dust jacket.
Part I chronicles disputes over the election of the new Hetman, Ivan Vyhovsky.