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Any of various simple sugars, such as glucose and fructose, that have six carbon atoms per molecule.


(ˈhɛksəʊs; -əʊz)
(Biochemistry) a monosaccharide, such as glucose, that contains six carbon atoms per molecule


(ˈhɛk soʊs)

any of a class of sugars, as glucose and fructose, containing six carbon atoms.
[1890–95; < Greek héx six + -ose2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hexose - a monosaccharide that contains six carbon atoms per molecule
aldohexose - a monosaccharide sugar having six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group
ketohexose - a monosaccharide having six carbon atoms and a ketone group
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
References in periodicals archive ?
Active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) is a generic term to describe a plant polysaccharide extracted from a liquid culture of basidiomycetous mycelia of Lentinula edodes.
Moreover, uptake of hexoses by developing kernels from the apoplast is also an active process involving H+/hexose co transport.
Irv also suggested I use a fermented mushroom extract containing "active hexose correlated compound" (AHCC).
It seems that the yeast Pichia stipitis, among pentose's fermenting microorganisms, is able to ferment xylose and hexose in ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysate under relevant conditions in the bioconversion process, such as pH, temperature, oxygen, agitation and composition of the medium (Hahn-Hagerdal, Linden, Senac, & Skoog, 1991; Ryding, Niklasson, & Liden, 1993; Sunitha, Lee, & Oh, 1999; Nigam, 2001; Agbogbo, Haagensen, Milam, & Wenger, 2008; Farias, Andrade, & Maugeri Filho, 2013).
This is shown by a comparison between the changes which take place in embryos germinated on their endosperms and those which are excised and grown on sand moistened with a culture solution containing no carbohydrate The production of fresh cell wall material indicated by the increase in the insoluble fractions is as great in the excised embryos as in the germinating grains, both show a slight accumulation of maltose and in neither is there any marked accumulation of hexose.
Prebiotics is a group of substances which are oligosaccharides containing hexose monosaccharides like mannose, fructose, glucose and galactose (Durst, 1996) with different degree of polymerization (d.
Growth and ethanol fermentation ability on hexose and pentose sugars and glucose effect under various conditions in thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus.
Scientists tested a hydrogen peroxide-producing system composed of hexose oxidase, glucoamylase and starch for the chemical and physical functionalities necessary for successful incorporation into a marine coating.
The gluconeogenesis continuation for the formation of metabolites derived from hexose is an important process in germinating seeds (Buchanan et al.
It is noteworthy that in SV40 transformed mouse 3T3 cells hexose transporters are relocated from microsomal membranes to plasma membrane, suggesting that oncogenic DNA viruses utilize not only transcriptional regulation of glucose transport but also alterations in transporter trafficking during transformation [54].
Because glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) is a branching point for glucose fate, it is also plausible to expect that glucose is metabolized through either or both of the following pathways: (a) being channeled into the hexose monophosphate shunt pathway due to enhanced G6PDH activity, thereby producing cell reducing power (as NADPH) later used for hepatocyte lipogenesis and replenishing GSH pool, hence providing an additional mechanism to counteract OS [54], and/or (b) G6P being isomerized to fructose6-phosphate (F6P), then oxidized to pyruvate and acetylCoA, and finally entering into the lipid anabolic pathway.
The carbohydrate region of the HSQC spectra were practically identical for compounds 1a/b and 3, the NMR data indicated the presence of two terminal 6-desoxy hexoses, one terminal hexose and two substituted hexoses.