hindbrain


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Related to hindbrain: midbrain

hind·brain

 (hīnd′brān′)
n.
1. The portion of the embryonic brain from which the metencephalon and myelencephalon develop.
2. The lower or hind region of the adult brain comprising the pons and medulla oblongata.

hindbrain

(ˈhaɪndˌbreɪn)
n
(Anatomy) the nontechnical name for rhombencephalon

hind•brain

(ˈhaɪndˌbreɪn)

n.
the most posterior of the three embryonic divisions of the vertebrate brain or the parts derived from this tissue, including the medulla oblongata, the pons of mammals, and the cerebellum; rhombencephalon.
[1885–90]

hind·brain

(hīnd′brān′)
The rearmost part of the brain in vertebrate animals. In humans, it consists of the pons and the medulla oblongata. Compare forebrain, midbrain.

hindbrain


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Brain structures below the midbrain. The hindbrain comprises the pons, medulla oblongata, and cerebellum.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hindbrain - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
metencephalon - the part of the hindbrain that develops into the pons and the cerebellum
cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
myelencephalon - the posterior part of the hindbrain in developing vertebrates; forms the medulla oblongata in adults
References in periodicals archive ?
It has recently been suggested that astrocytes attached to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), in the dorsal hindbrain, are involved in triggering processes that affect gastrointestinal motility during glucose deprivation (38).
Reporting in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Carmen Birchmeier and Luis Hernandez-Miranda, of the Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine in Berlin, and their colleagues showed that infant mice stripped of this key node " a mere 17,000 neurons, located in the evolutionarily ancient hindbrain " can breathe slowly and passively, but not vigorously or animatedly.
Selective involvement of the midbrain and hindbrain happens rarely [24].
The current conventional understanding of brain evolution among vertebrates proposes that current complex brains evolved from simple three-part brains comprising of a forebrain, a midbrain and a hindbrain.
In vitro leptin treatment of rainbow trout hypothalamus and hindbrain affects glucosensing and gene expression of neuropeptides involved in food intake regulation.
Behind--perhaps below--all the learned esthetic and technical aspects of designing a building are a multitude of factors hidden in the hindbrain, says Moffett, primal aspects that remain rather vague and ill-understood and contribute to a sense of enigma.
Prenatal blockades of Angiotensin II receptor affects neonatal rat hindbrain structure and receptor localization.
28) The stem cells have been successfully differentiated toward regional subtypes of neurons of the midbrain, forebrain, and hindbrain, as well as the formation of 3-dimensional organoid systems, allowing researchers to study a variety of neural diseases, including microcephaly.
In addition, the structure of some brain regions, such as the midbrain, the hippocampus, and the hindbrain, was shown to be altered by leptin (19,20,21,22).
Epithelial relaxation mediated by the myosin phosphatase regulator mypt1 is required for brain ventricle lumen expansion and hindbrain morphogenesis.
Midbrain comprises of tectum and tegmentum while the hindbrain composed of cerebellum, pons and medulla.