hippocampus


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Related to hippocampus: amygdala, hypothalamus, limbic system

hip·po·cam·pus

 (hĭp′ə-kăm′pəs)
n. pl. hip·po·cam·pi (-pī′)
1. A ridge in the floor of each lateral ventricle of the brain that consists mainly of gray matter and has a central role in memory processes.
2. Variant of hippocamp.

[New Latin, from Late Latin, hippocamp (from the shape of the structure in cross section ); see hippocamp.]

hip′po·cam′pal (-pəl) adj.

hippocampus

(ˌhɪpəʊˈkæmpəs)
n, pl -pi (-paɪ)
1. (Classical Myth & Legend) a mythological sea creature with the forelegs of a horse and the tail of a fish
2. (Zoology) any marine teleost fish of the genus Hippocampus, having a horselike head. See seahorse1
3. (Anatomy) an area of cerebral cortex that forms a ridge in the floor of the lateral ventricle of the brain, which in cross section has the shape of a sea horse. It functions as part of the limbic system
[C16: from Latin, from Greek hippos horse + kampos a sea monster]
ˌhippoˈcampal adj

hip•po•cam•pus

(ˌhɪp əˈkæm pəs)

n., pl. -pi (-paɪ, -pi)
a curved ridge in the lateral ventricles of the mammalian brain: part of the limbic system.
[1600–10; < Latin < Greek hippókampos=hippo- hippo- + kámpos sea monster]
hip`po•cam′pal, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hippocampus - a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of grey matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle; intimately involved in motivation and emotion as part of the limbic system; has a central role in the formation of memories
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
limbic brain, limbic system, visceral brain - a system of functionally related neural structures in the brain that are involved in emotional behavior
2.hippocampus - seahorsesHippocampus - seahorses        
fish genus - any of various genus of fish
sea horse, seahorse - small fish with horse-like heads bent sharply downward and curled tails; swim in upright position
Translations
aivoturso

hip·po·cam·pus

n. hipocampo, circunvolución de materia gris que forma la mayor parte de la corteza cerebral olfatoria.

hippocampus

n hipocampo
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers at the Brain Research Institute of the University of Zurich showed for the first time the process by which neural stem cells divide and newborn neurons integrate in the adult mouse hippocampus.
While playing 3D-platform video games has previously been shown to promote grey matter in the hippocampus in younger adults, in the current study, the researchers tested the impact of 3D-platform video game playing, like Super Mario 64, on grey matter in the hippocampus, cerebellum, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of older adults.
Anderson and colleagues discovered that GABA concentrations within the hippocampus -- a key area of the brain involved in memory -- predict people's ability to block the retrieval process and prevent thoughts and memories from returning.
The hippocampus is the brain structure responsible for the formation of long-term memories.
And the more depleted the hippocampus becomes, the more a person is at risk of developing brain illnesses and diseases ranging from depression to schizophrenia, PTSD and Alzheimer's disease.
The more depleted the hippocampus becomes, the more a person is at risk of developing brain illnesses ranging from depression to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Alzheimer's disease, said the researchers.
Neuroscientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology studied the neural circuits involved, and found that memories don't transfer from the hippocampus to the neocortex, but instead, form simultaneously in both those regions of the brain.
zosterae (con alrededor de 3,8 cm de alto maximo), se encuentra unicamente en el Golfo de Mexico y de Bahamas a Bermuda (Masonjones & Lewis, 2000; Lourie et al, 2004; Rose et al, 2014), mientras que el recientemente descrito Hippocampus patagonicus (Piacentino & Luzzatto, 2004) (con tamano maximo de 10,3 cm) tiene la distribucion mas austral y restringida a la costa atlantica argentina (Piacentino & Luzzatto, 2004; Luzzatto et al, 2012; Gonzalez et al, 2014).
The hippocampus was chosen because it's so important in learning, memory and mood function.
Further, observed changes in the adult hippocampus seem to be responsible for the deletions of old memories and support for the formation of additional memories.
The hippocampus is an organizer," says Howard Eichenbaum, a neuroscientist at Boston University.
As the hippocampus is critical to learning and memory throughout life, as well as being a key part of the brain involved in mental health, this study underscores the importance of good nutrition for children, adolescents, and adults of all ages.