history


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his·to·ry

 (hĭs′tə-rē)
n. pl. his·to·ries
1.
a. A chronological record of events, as of the life or development of a people or institution, often including an explanation of or commentary on those events: a history of the Vikings.
b. A formal written account of related natural phenomena: a history of volcanoes.
c. A record of a patient's general medical background: took the patient's history.
d. An established condition or pattern of behavior: an inmate with a history of mental illness and drug abuse.
2. The branch of knowledge that records and analyzes past events: "History has a long-range perspective" (Elizabeth Gurley Flynn).
3.
a. The past events relating to a particular thing: The history of their rivalry is full of intrigue.
b. The aggregate of past events or human affairs: basic tools used throughout history.
c. An interesting past: a house with history.
d. Something that belongs to the past: Their troubles are history now.
e. Slang One that is no longer worth consideration: Why should we worry about him? He's history!
4. A drama based on historical events: the histories of Shakespeare.

[Middle English histoire, from Old French, from Latin historia, from Greek historiā, from historein, to inquire, from histōr, learned man; see weid- in Indo-European roots.]

history

(ˈhɪstərɪ; ˈhɪstrɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. (Historical Terms)
a. a record or account, often chronological in approach, of past events, developments, etc
b. (as modifier): a history book; a history play.
2. (Historical Terms) all that is preserved or remembered of the past, esp in written form
3. (Historical Terms) the discipline of recording and interpreting past events involving human beings
4. (Historical Terms) past events, esp when considered as an aggregate
5. an event in the past, esp one that has been forgotten or reduced in importance: their quarrel was just history.
6. the past, background, previous experiences, etc, of a thing or person: the house had a strange history.
7. (Telecommunications) computing a stored list of the websites that a user has recently visited
8. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a play that depicts or is based on historical events
9. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a narrative relating the events of a character's life: the history of Joseph Andrews.
Abbreviation (for senses 1–3): hist
[C15: from Latin historia, from Greek: enquiry, from historein to narrate, from histōr judge]

his•to•ry

(ˈhɪs tə ri, ˈhɪs tri)

n., pl. -ries.
1. the branch of knowledge dealing with past events.
2. a continuous, systematic narrative of past events as relating to a particular people, country, period, person, etc., usu. written as a chronological account.
3. the aggregate of past events.
4. the record of past events and times, esp. in connection with the human race.
5. a past notable for its important, unusual, or interesting events: a ship with a history.
6. acts, ideas, or events that will or can shape the course of the future.
7. a systematic account of any set of natural phenomena without reference to time.
8. a drama representing historical events.
Idioms:
be history, to be no longer present, participating, or relevant: If they lose this game, they're history.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin historia < Greek historía learning or knowing by inquiry, history, derivative of hístōr one who knows or sees (akin to wit2)]

History

See also antiquity; past

one who chronicles yearly events; a writer of annals.
Obsolete, the recording or study of past events.
the application of mathematics, especially statistics, to the study of history. — cliometrician, n.
the belief that history repeats itself, as suggested in the writings of Arnold Toynbee. Also cyclicity. — cyclic, adj.
1. a record or account of the ancestry and descent of a person, family, or group.
2. the study of family ancestries or histories.
3. descent from an original form or progenitor; lineage. — genealogist, n. — genealogie, genealogical, adj.
a work on heroes and their history. — heroologist, n. — heroological, adj.
1. a theory that history is determined by immutable laws.
2. a theory that all cultural phenomena are historically determined and that all historians should study a period on its own merits.
3. a search for the laws of historical evolution.
4. a profound or an excessive respect for historical institutions, as traditions or laws. Also historism. — historicist, n., adj.
1. the body of literature concerned with historical matters.
2. the methods of historical research and presentation.
3. an official history. — historiographer, n. — historiographic, historiographical, adj.
the study or knowledge of history.
historicism.
1. an expert in medieval history, literature, art, architecture, etc.
2. a person devoted to the art, culture, or spirit of the Middle Ages.
the theory that there is only one causal factor in history, as intellect or nature. — monist, n. — monistic, adj.
a specialist in Oriental history, art, literature, etc.
1. a biographical sketch containing a description of a person’s appearance, qualities, and history.
2. a collection of such sketches. — prosopographer, n. See also facial features.
the earliest period of history, before the time when records were kept. — protohistorical, adj.
a movement to reexamine historical information in the light of current knowledge. — revisionist, n., adj.

History

 

See Also: PAST

  1. Americans treat history like a cookbook. Whenever they are uncertain what to do next, they turn to history and look up the proper recipe, invariably designated “The lesson of history” —Russell Baker See Also: CHARACTERISTICS, NATIONAL
  2. Carried his history with him like a tattooed sailor —Alice McDermott
  3. History is a hill or a high point of vantage, from which alone men see the town in which they live or the age in which they are —G. K. Chesterton

    Chesterton continues this simile as follows: “Without some such contrast or comparison, without some such shifting of the point of view, we should see nothing whatever of our own social surroundings. We should take them for granted, as the only possible social surroundings.”

  4. History is floated like a bond issue on the fat of banks —Marge Piercy
  5. History is written to order like the Sunday funnies —Marge Piercy

    This is one of several similes pertaining to history in Piercy’s poem, For Shoshana Rihm.

  6. History … like some lump of viscid porridge sliding slowly down a sink —Lawrence Durrell
  7. History passes like falling rocks in the dark —Robinson Jeffers
  8. History [in narrator’s view] … sifting and seeping, piddling itself away as one wastes a Sunday —William H. Gass
  9. History trails its meaning like old cobwebs caught in a cellar broom —Robert Penn Warren
  10. History was a trash bag of random coincidences torn open in a wind —Joseph Heller
  11. To the scientific eye all human history is a series of collective movements, destructions or migrations, like the massacre of flies in winter or the return of birds in spring —G. K. Chesterton
  12. You can’t escape history, or the needs and neuroses you’ve picked up like layers and layers of tartar on your teeth —Charles Johnson
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.history - the aggregate of past eventshistory - the aggregate of past events; "a critical time in the school's history"
past, past times, yesteryear - the time that has elapsed; "forget the past"
antiquity - the historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe
historic period, age - an era of history having some distinctive feature; "we live in a litigious age"
Dark Ages, Middle Ages - the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
Renaissance, Renascence - the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries
2.history - a record or narrative description of past eventshistory - a record or narrative description of past events; "a history of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead"
history - the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history"; "history takes the long view"
ancient history - a history of the ancient world
etymology - a history of a word
case history - detailed record of the background of a person or group under study or treatment
historical document, historical paper, historical record - writing having historical value (as opposed to fiction or myth etc.)
chronological record, annals - a chronological account of events in successive years
biography, life history, life story, life - an account of the series of events making up a person's life
record - anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events; "the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques"
recital - a detailed account or description of something; "he was forced to listen to a recital of his many shortcomings"
3.history - the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history"; "history takes the long view"
Boston Tea Party - demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor; organized as a protest against taxes on tea
arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts - studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills); "the college of arts and sciences"
account, chronicle, history, story - a record or narrative description of past events; "a history of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead"
historian, historiographer - a person who is an authority on history and who studies it and writes about it
Saracen - (historically) a Muslim who opposed the Crusades
Saracen - (historically) a member of the nomadic people of the Syrian and Arabian deserts at the time of the Roman Empire
4.history - the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future; "all of human history"
continuum - a continuous nonspatial whole or extent or succession in which no part or portion is distinct or distinguishable from adjacent parts
5.history - all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; "the dawn of recorded history"; "from the beginning of history"
cognition, knowledge, noesis - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning

history

noun
1. the past, the old days, antiquity, yesterday, the good old days, yesteryear, ancient history, olden days, days of old, days of yore, bygone times Is history about to repeat itself?
2. chronicle, record, story, account, relation, narrative, saga, recital, narration, annals, recapitulation his magnificent history of broadcasting in Canada
3. life story, story, biography, autobiography, memoirs I studied her history closely.
Quotations
"The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles" [Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The Communist Manifesto]
"History is philosophy from examples" [Dionysius of Halicarnassus Ars Rhetorica]
"There is properly no history; only biography" [Ralph Waldo Emerson Essays]
"History is more or less bunk. It's tradition. We don't want tradition. We want to live in the present and the only history that is worth a tinker's damn is the history we make today" [Henry Ford]
"History is past politics, and politics is present history" [E.A. Freeman Methods of Historical Study]
"What experience and history teach is this - that people and governments never have learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it" [G.W.F. Hegel Philosophy of History]
"History is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake" [James Joyce Ulysses]
"The world's history is the world's judgement" [Friedrich von Schiller]
"Indeed, history is nothing more than a tableau of crimes and misfortunes" [Voltaire L'Ingénu]
"That great dust-heap called `history'" [Augustine Birrell Obiter Dicta]
"History [is] a distillation of rumour" [Thomas Carlyle History of the French Revolution]
"History gets thicker as it approaches recent times" [A.J.P. Taylor English History 1914-45]
"History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce" [Karl Marx]
Proverbs
"History repeats itself"

History

Historical characters  Alexander the Great, Alfred the Great, Mark Antony, Attila the Hun, Augustus, Thomas à Becket, Billy the Kid, The Black Prince, Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart), Lucrezia Borgia, Boudicca or Boadicea, Brutus, Buddha, Buffalo Bill (William Frederick Cody), Julius Caesar, Catherine the Great, Charlemagne, Winston Churchill, El Cid, Cleopatra, Clive of India, Christopher Columbus, Captain James Cook, Hernando Cortés, Crazy Horse, Davy Crockett, Oliver Cromwell, George Armstrong Custer, Francis Drake, Guy Fawkes, Yuri Gagarin, Mahatma Gandhi, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Genghis Khan, Geronimo, Gordon of Khartoum, Che Guevara, Haile Selassie, Hannibal, Henry VIII, Hereward the Wake, Hiawatha, Wild Bill (James Butler) Hickok, Adolf Hitler, Ivan the Terrible, Jesse James, Jesus, Joan of Arc, Martin Luther King, Lawrence of Arabia, Robert E(dward) Lee, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther, Mary, Queen of Scots, Mao Ze Dong or Mao Tse-tung, Marie Antoinette, Mohammed or Muhammad, Montezuma, Benito Mussolini, Napoleon Bonaparte, Horatio Nelson, Florence Nightingale, Captain (Lawrence Edward Grace) Oates, Pericles, Marco Polo, Pompey, Walter Raleigh, Grigori Efimovich Rasputin, Richard the Lionheart, Robert the Bruce, Saladin, Robert Falcon Scott, Sitting Bull, Socrates, Joseph Stalin, Tomás de Torquemada, Leon Trotsky, William Wallace, Warwick the Kingmaker, George Washington, Duke of Wellington, William the Conqueror, Orville and Wilbur Wright, Emiliano Zapata
Historical events  Agincourt, Alamo, American Civil War or (chiefly U.S.) the War between the States, Armistice, Battle of Hastings, Black Death, Bloody Sunday, Boer War, Boston Tea Party, Boxer Rebellion, Charge of the Light Brigade, Civil War, Cold War, Crimean War, Crusades, Cultural Revolution, D-day, Declaration of Independence, Depression, Diet of Worms, Easter Rising, French Revolution, General Strike, Gettysburg Address, Glorious Revolution, Gordon Riots, Great Fire of London, Great Schism, Great Trek, Gunpowder Plot, Hiroshima, Holocaust, Hundred Years War, Hungarian Uprising, Indian Mutiny, Industrial Revolution, Jacobite Rebellion, Korean War, Kristallnacht or Crystal Night, Long March, Magna Carta, Munich Agreement, Night of the Long Knives, Napoleonic Wars, Norman Conquest, Pearl Harbor, Peasants' Revolt, Peterloo Massacre, Potato Famine, Reformation, Reign of Terror, Renaissance, Restoration, Risorgimento, Russian Revolution, Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, South Sea Bubble, Spanish Armada, Spanish Civil War, Spanish Inquisition, Suez Crisis, Thirty Years' War, Tiananmen Square Massacre, Trafalgar, Treaty of Versailles, Vietnam War, Wall Street Crash, Wars of the Roses, Watergate, Waterloo

history

noun
1. A recounting of past events:
2. A chronological record of past events:
3. Past events surrounding a person or thing:
Translations
تاريختَارِيختاريخ، أحْداثتاریخوَصْف
historiedějinydějepisný
historiehistorie-
ajaluguhaiguslugu
تاریخ
historia
povijestpovijest bolestianamneza
történelemtörténethistóriakórtörténetmúlt
sagasaga, sagnfræîi
歴史沿革病歴経歴経過
역사사학
historia
įeiti į istorijąistorijaistorikasistorinisistoriškai
vēsturevēstures-
dejepisnýdejinyhistória
zgodovinazgodovinopisjepreteklost
istorijapovestисторијаповест
historiahistorikloggberättelse
ประวัติศาสตร์
lịch sử

history

[ˈhɪstərɪ] Nhistoria f
to go down in historypasar a la historia (as como) to make historyhacer época, marcar un hito
to know the inner history of an affairconocer el secreto de un asunto
he has a history of psychiatric disordertiene antecedentes de problemas psiquiátricos
the highest salary in television historyel sueldo más alto de la historia de la televisión
a piece of historyun trozo or fragmento de la historia
that's ancient historyésa es cosa vieja
the rest is historyel resto ya lo sabéis, el resto ya es historia

history

[ˈhɪstəri] n
(= past events) [country, town, person] → histoire f
one of the most dramatic moments in Polish history → l'un des moments cruciaux de l'histoire polonaise
throughout history → à travers l'histoire
to make history → entrer dans l'histoire
to go down in history → rester dans l'histoire
He will go down in history for redrawing the political map of Britain → Il restera dans l'histoire pour avoir redessiner la carte politique britannique.
to go down in history as sth → rester dans l'histoire comme qch
He will go down in history as one of the principal architects of the peace process → Il restera dans l'histoire comme l'un des principaux architectes du processus de paix.
that's history (= over and done with) → c'est de l'histoire ancienne
you're history! → tu es fini !
and the rest is history → et tout le monde connaît la suite
We met at college, and the rest is history → Nous nous sommes rencontrés au lycée et tout le monde connaît la suite.
(= past record) to have a history of sth → avoir des antécédents de qch
He has a history of drink problems → Il a des antécédents alcooliques.
to have a family history of sth → avoir des antécédents familiaux de qch
a family history of thrombosis → des antécédents familiaux de thrombose
a family history of heart disease → des antécédents familiaux de maladies cardiaques
to have a family history of sth → avoir des antécédents familiaux de qch
a college with a tremendous sporting history → une école au palmarès sportif impressionnant medical history
(= subject, study) → histoire f
a professor of history, a history professor → un professeur d'histoire

history

n
Geschichte f; (= study of history)Geschichte f, → Geschichtswissenschaft f; history will judgedie Geschichte wird ihr Urteil fällen; history has taught us that …die Geschichte lehrt uns, dass …; the highest salary in television historydas höchste Gehalt in der Geschichte des Fernsehens; to make historyGeschichte machen; … and the rest is history… und der Rest ist Geschichte; that’s all history now (fig)das gehört jetzt alles der Vergangenheit an; he’s historyer ist schon lange vergessen or passé (inf)
(= personal record)Geschichte f; he has a history of violenceer hat eine Vorgeschichte als Gewalttäter; the family has a history of heart diseaseHerzleiden liegen in der Familie; he has a history of heart diseaseer hat schon lange ein Herzleiden
(= background)Vorgeschichte f; to know the history of an affairden Hintergrund einer Affäre kennen
(Comput) → Verlauf m, → Protokoll nt

history

[ˈhɪstrɪ] nstoria
a history book → un libro di storia
to make history → fare storia
to go down in history → passare alla storia
there's a long history of that illness in his family → ci sono molti precedenti (della malattia) nella sua famiglia

history

(ˈhistəri) plural ˈhistories noun
1. the study of events etc that happened in the past. She is studying British history; (also adjective) a history lesson/book.
2. a description usually in writing of past events, ways of life etc. I'm writing a history of Scotland.
3. (the description of) the usually interesting events etc associated with (something). This desk/word has a very interesting history.
hiˈstorian (-ˈstoː-) noun
a person who studies (and writes about) history.
hiˈstoric (-ˈsto-) adjective
famous or important in history. a historic battle.
hiˈstorical (-ˈsto-) adjective
1. of or about history; of or about people or events from history. historical research; historical novels.
2. that actually happened or existed, not legendary or mythical. Was Shakespeare's character Macbeth a historical person?
hiˈstorically (-ˈsto-) adverb
make history
to do something very important, especially to be the first to do something. The Wright brothers made history when they were the first to fly an aeroplane.

history

تَارِيخ historie historie Geschichte ιστορία historia historia histoire povijest storia 歴史 역사 geschiedenis historie historia história история historia ประวัติศาสตร์ tarih lịch sử 历史

history

n (pl -ries) historia, historial m, antecedentes mpl; family — antecedentes familiares; — and physical historia clínica y examen físico; — of (cancer, trauma, etc.) antecedentes de (cáncer, traumatismo, etc.); — of the present illness historia de la enfermedad actual; medical — historia clínica or médica, historial médico; natural — (of a disease) historia or evolución f natural (de una enfermedad); past medical — antecedentes médicos or personales
References in classic literature ?
The moment Aunt March took her nap, or was busy with company, Jo hurried to this quiet place, and curling herself up in the easy chair, devoured poetry, romance, history, travels, and pictures like a regular bookworm.
The beginning of the most materialistic age in the history of the world, when wars would be fought without patrio- tism, when men would forget God and only pay attention to moral standards, when the will to power would replace the will to serve and beauty would be well-nigh forgotten in the terrible headlong rush of mankind toward the acquiring of possessions, was telling its story to Jesse the man of God as it was to the men about him.
He looked lively and ferocious, I thought, and as if he had a history.
Evidence of their Asiatic origin is deduced from the circumstances, though great uncertainty hangs over the whole history of the Indians.
Thus we behold Kentucke, lately an howling wilderness, the habitation of savages and wild beasts, become a fruitful field; this region, so favourably distinguished by nature, now become the habitation of civilization, at a period unparalleled in history, in the midst of a raging war, and under all the disadvantages of emigration to a country so remote from the inhabited parts of the continent.
At the moment of execution--with the halter about his neck, and while Colonel Pyncheon sat on horseback, grimly gazing at the scene Maule had addressed him from the scaffold, and uttered a prophecy, of which history, as well as fireside tradition, has preserved the very words.
Yet not altogether worthless, perhaps, as materials of local history.
In this by-place of nature there abode, in a remote period of American history, that is to say, some thirty years since, a worthy wight of the name of Ichabod Crane, who sojourned, or, as he expressed it, "tarried," in Sleepy Hollow, for the purpose of instructing the children of the vicinity.
Scarce anything in the whole history seems to me so odd as this fact that my real beginning of fear was one, as I may say, with the instinct of sparing my companion.
No one having previously heard his history, could for the first time behold Father Mapple without the utmost interest, because there were certain engrafted clerical peculiarities about him, imputable to that adventurous maritime life he had led.
Nor is the history of fanatics half so striking in respect to the measureless self-deception of the fanatic himself, as his measureless power of deceiving and bedevilling so many others.
It being strictly a history of a BOY, it must stop here; the story could not go much further without becoming the history of a MAN.

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