hold


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Related to hold: hold off

hold 1

 (hōld)
v. held (hĕld), hold·ing, holds
v.tr.
1.
a. To have and keep in one's grasp: held the reins tightly.
b. To aim or direct; point: held a hose on the fire.
c. To keep from falling or moving; support: a nail too small to hold the mirror; hold the horse steady; papers that were held together with staples.
d. To sustain the pressure of: The old bridge can't hold much weight.
2.
a. To keep from departing or getting away: Hold the bus! Hold the dog until I find the leash.
b. To keep in custody: held the suspect for questioning.
c. To retain (one's attention or interest): Televised sports can't hold my interest.
d. To avoid letting out or expelling: The swimmer held her breath while underwater.
3.
a. To be filled by; contain: This drawer holds socks.
b. To be capable of holding: a pitcher that holds a quart. See Synonyms at contain.
c. To have as a chief characteristic or quality: The film holds many surprises.
d. To have in store: Let's see what the future holds.
4.
a. To have and maintain in one's possession: holds a great deal of property.
b. To have as a responsible position or a privilege: held the governorship for six years.
c. To have in recognition of achievement or superiority: holds the record for the one-mile race; holds the respect of her peers.
5.
a. To maintain control over: Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.
b. To maintain occupation of by force or coercion: Protesters held the embassy for a week.
c. To withstand the efforts or advance of (an opposing team, for example).
d. To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action: The storyteller held the crowd spellbound.
6.
a. To impose control or restraint on; curb: She held her temper.
b. To stop the movement or progress of: Hold the presses!
c. To reserve or keep back from use: Please hold two tickets for us. Hold the relish on that hamburger.
d. To defer the immediate handling of: The receptionist held all calls during the meeting.
7.
a. To own or have title to.
b. To be in possession of, whether legally entitled or not: holds an interest in the company.
c. To bind by a contract.
d. To adjudge or decree: The court held that the defendant was at fault.
e. To make accountable; obligate: He held me to my promise.
8.
a. To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view: holds that this economic program is the only answer to high prices.
b. To assert or affirm, especially formally: This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.
c. To regard in a certain way: I hold you in high esteem.
9.
a. To cause to take place; carry on: held the race in Texas; hold a yard sale.
b. To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene: held a meeting of the board.
10.
a. To carry or support (the body or a bodily part) in a certain position: Can the baby hold herself up yet? Hold up your leg.
b. To cover (the ears or the nose, for example) especially for protection: held my nose against the stench.
v.intr.
1.
a. To maintain a grasp or grip on something.
b. To stay securely fastened: The chain held.
2.
a. To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition: hopes the weather will hold.
b. To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition: The defense held. We held firm on the negotiations.
3. To continue in the same direction: The ship held to an easterly course.
4. To be valid, applicable, or true: The observation still holds in cases like this.
5. To halt an intended action. Often used in the imperative.
6. To stop the countdown during a missile or spacecraft launch.
7. Slang To have in one's possession illicit or illegally obtained material or goods, especially narcotics: The suspect was holding.
n.
1.
a. The act or a means of grasping.
b. A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido: a neck hold; an arm hold.
2. Something that may be grasped or gripped, as for support.
3. A control or adjustor on a television that keeps the screen image in proper position: adjusted the horizontal hold.
4. A telephone service that allows one to temporarily interrupt a call without severing the connection.
5.
a. A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated: a writer with a strong hold on her readership.
b. Complete control: has a firm hold on the complex issues.
c. Full understanding: has a good hold on physics.
6. Music
a. The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.
b. The symbol designating this pause; a fermata.
7.
a. A direction or indication that something is to be reserved or deferred.
b. A temporary halt, as in a countdown.
8.
a. A prison cell.
b. The state of being in confinement; custody.
9. Archaic A fortified place; a stronghold.
Phrasal Verbs:
hold back
1. To retain in one's possession or control: held back valuable information; held back my tears.
2. To impede the progress of.
3. To restrain oneself: Tell us what happened. Don't hold back.
hold down
1. To limit: Please hold the noise down.
2. To fulfill the duties of (a job): holds down two jobs.
hold forth
To talk at great length.
hold off
1. To keep at a distance; resist: held the creditors off.
2. To stop or delay doing something: Let's hold off until we have more data.
hold on
1. To maintain one's grip; cling.
2. To endure or continue to do something despite difficulty: They held on until fresh supplies arrived.
3. To wait for something wanted or requested.
hold out
1. To present or offer: She held out the possibility that she might run for office.
2. To continue to be in supply or service; last: How long can our food hold out?
3. To continue to resist: The defending garrison held out for a month.
4. To refuse to reach an agreement or insist on certain demands: The union held out for a better raise.
hold over
1. To postpone or delay.
2. To keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time.
3. To continue a term of office past the usual length of time.
4. To prolong the engagement of: The film was held over for weeks.
hold to
To remain loyal or faithful to: She held to her resolutions.
hold up
1. To obstruct or delay.
2. To rob while armed, often at gunpoint.
3. To offer or present as an example: held the essay up as a model for the students.
4. To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope: managed to hold up under the stress.
hold with
To agree with; support: I don't hold with your theories.
Idioms:
get hold of
1. To come into possession of; find: Where can I get hold of a copy?
2. To communicate with, as by telephone: tried to get hold of you but the line was busy.
3. To gain control of. Often used reflexively: You must get hold of yourself!
hold a candle to
To compare favorably with: This film doesn't hold a candle to his previous ones.
hold/keep (one's) end up
To fulfill one's part of an agreement; do one's share.
hold (one's) own
To do reasonably well despite difficulty or criticism.
hold out on (someone)
To withhold something from: Don't hold out on me; start telling the truth.
hold (someone's) feet to the fire
To pressure (someone) to consent to or undertake something.
hold sway
To have a controlling influence; dominate.
hold the bag Informal
1. To be left with empty hands.
2. To be forced to assume total responsibility when it ought to have been shared.
hold the fort Informal
1. To assume responsibility, especially in another's absence.
2. To maintain a secure position.
hold the line
To maintain the existing position or state of affairs: had to hold the line on salary increases.
hold the phone Slang
To stop doing what one is engaged in doing. Often used in the imperative: Hold the phone! Let's end this argument.
hold water
To stand up to critical examination: Your explanation doesn't hold water.
no holds barred
Without limits, regulations, or restraints.
on hold
1. Into a state of temporary interruption without severing a telephone connection: put me on hold for 10 minutes.
2. Informal Into a state of delay or indeterminate suspension: had to put the romance on hold.

[Middle English holden, from Old English healdan.]

hold 2

 (hōld)
n.
The lower interior part of a ship or airplane where cargo is stored.

[Alteration (influenced by hold) of Middle English hole, husk, hull of a ship, from Old English hulu; see kel- in Indo-European roots.]

hold

(həʊld)
vb, holds, holding or held (hɛld)
1. to have or keep (an object) with or within the hands, arms, etc; clasp
2. (tr) to support or bear: to hold a drowning man's head above water.
3. to maintain or be maintained in a specified state or condition: to hold one's emotions in check; hold firm.
4. (tr) to set aside or reserve: they will hold our tickets until tomorrow.
5. (when intr, usually used in commands) to restrain or be restrained from motion, action, departure, etc: hold that man until the police come.
6. (intr) to remain fast or unbroken: that cable won't hold much longer.
7. (intr) (of the weather) to remain dry and bright: how long will the weather hold?.
8. (tr) to keep the attention of: her singing held the audience.
9. (tr) to engage in or carry on: to hold a meeting.
10. (tr) to have the ownership, possession, etc, of: he holds a law degree from London; who's holding the ace of spades?.
11. (tr) to have the use of or responsibility for: to hold the office of director.
12. (tr) to have the space or capacity for: the carton will hold only eight books.
13. (tr) to be able to control the outward effects of drinking beer, spirits, etc: he can hold his drink well.
14. (often foll by: to or by) to remain or cause to remain committed to: hold him to his promise; he held by his views in spite of opposition.
15. (tr; takes a clause as object) to claim: he holds that the theory is incorrect.
16. (intr) to remain relevant, valid, or true: the old philosophies don't hold nowadays.
17. (tr) to keep in the mind: to hold affection for someone.
18. (tr) to regard or consider in a specified manner: I hold him very dear.
19. (tr) to guard or defend successfully: hold the fort against the attack.
20. (intr) to continue to go: hold on one's way.
21. (Classical Music) (sometimes foll by on) music to sustain the sound of (a note) throughout its specified duration: to hold on a semibreve for its full value.
22. (Computer Science) (tr) computing to retain (data) in a storage device after copying onto another storage device or onto another location in the same device. Compare clear49
23. (tr) to be in possession of illegal drugs
24. hold for hold good for to apply or be relevant to: the same rules hold for everyone.
25. holding thumbs South African holding the thumb of one hand with the other, in the hope of bringing good luck
26. hold it!
a. stop! wait!
b. stay in the same position! as when being photographed
27. hold one's head high to conduct oneself in a proud and confident manner
28. hold one's own to maintain one's situation or position esp in spite of opposition or difficulty
29. hold one's peace hold one's tongue to keep silent
30. hold water to prove credible, logical, or consistent
31. there is no holding him he is so spirited or resolute that he cannot be restrained
n
32. the act or method of holding fast or grasping, as with the hands
33. something to hold onto, as for support or control
34. an object or device that holds fast or grips something else so as to hold it fast
35. controlling force or influence: she has a hold on him.
36. a short delay or pause
37. a prison or a cell in a prison
38. (Wrestling) wrestling a way of seizing one's opponent: a wrist hold.
39. (Classical Music) music a pause or fermata
40. (Law)
a. a tenure or holding, esp of land
b. (in combination): leasehold; freehold; copyhold.
41. a container
42. (Fortifications) archaic a fortified place
43. get hold of
a. to obtain
b. to come into contact with
44. no holds barred all limitations removed
45. on hold in a state of temporary postponement or delay
[Old English healdan; related to Old Norse halla, Gothic haldan, German halten]
ˈholdable adj

hold

(həʊld)
n
1. (Nautical Terms) the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo
2. (Aeronautics) the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo
[C16: variant of hole]

hold1

(hoʊld)

v. held, hold•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to have or keep in the hand; grasp: to hold someone's hand.
2. to set aside; reserve or retain: to hold a reservation.
3. to bear, sustain, or support with or as if with the hands or arms.
4. to keep in a specified state: The preacher held them spellbound.
5. to detain: The police held her for questioning.
6. to conduct; carry on: to hold a meeting.
7. to hinder; restrain: Fear held me from acting.
8. to have the ownership or use of; possess or occupy: to hold a position of authority.
9. to contain or be capable of containing: This bottle holds a quart.
10. to make accountable: We will hold you to your word.
11. to keep in the mind; believe: held certain beliefs.
12. to regard; consider: to hold a person responsible.
13. to keep forcibly: Enemy forces held the hill.
14. to point; aim: He held a gun on the prisoner.
15. to decide legally.
16. to sustain (a musical note, chord, or rest).
17. to omit, as from an order: One burger - hold the pickle.
v.i.
18. to remain in a specified state: Hold still.
19. to maintain a grasp; remain fast: The clamp held.
20. to maintain one's position against opposition.
21. to agree; sympathize: She doesn't hold with new ideas.
22. to remain faithful: to hold to one's purpose.
23. to remain valid: The rule still holds.
24. to refrain; forbear (usu. used imperatively).
25. hold back,
a. to restrain; check: to hold back tears.
b. to hinder the advancement of.
c. to refrain from giving or revealing; withhold: to hold back information.
d. to refrain from participating.
26. hold down,
a. to keep under control or at a low level: to hold down interest rates.
b. to continue to function in: to hold down a job.
27. hold forth, to speak at great length.
28. hold oneself in, to exercise restraint.
29. hold off,
a. to keep at a distance; repel.
b. to postpone action; defer.
30. hold on,
a. to keep a firm grip on something.
b. to keep going; continue.
c. to stop; halt (usu. used imperatively).
d. to keep a telephone connection open.
31. hold out,
a. to present; offer.
b. to continue to last.
c. to refuse to yield.
d. to withhold something expected or due.
32. hold over,
a. to keep for future consideration or action.
b. to keep beyond the arranged period: to hold a movie over for an extra week.
33. hold up,
a. to support; uphold.
b. to delay; bring to a stop.
c. to endure; persevere: I'm tired but holding up.
d. to present for attention; display.
e. to rob at gunpoint.
n.
34. an act of holding fast with the hand or other physical means; grasp; grip: a good hold on the rope.
35. something to hold a thing by; something to grasp, esp. for support.
36. something that holds fast or supports something else.
37. an order reserving something: to put a hold on a library book.
38. a controlling force or dominating influence: to have a hold on a person.
39. a wrestler's maneuver for seizing and controlling an opponent.
40. a pause or delay.
41. a prison cell.
43. a feature on a telephone that allows voice communication to be interrupted without breaking the connection.
Idioms:
1. get hold of,
a. to grasp; seize.
b. to communicate with by telephone.
2. on hold,
a. into a state of interruption or suspension.
b. into a state of being kept waiting incommunicado by a telephone hold.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English h(e)aldan, c. Old Frisian, Old Norse halda, Old High German haltan]
syn: See contain.

hold2

(hoʊld)

n.
1. the cargo space in the hull of a vessel, esp. between the lowermost deck and the bottom.
2. the cargo compartment of an aircraft.
[1585–95; variant of hole; compare Dutch hol hole, hold]

hold

1. A cargo stowage compartment aboard ship.
2. To maintain or retain possession of by force, as a position or an area.
3. In an attack, to exert sufficient pressure to prevent movement or redisposition of enemy forces.
4. As applied to air traffic, to keep an aircraft within a specified space or location which is identified by visual or other means in accordance with Air Traffic Control instructions. See also fix; retain.

hold

1. 'hold' used to mean carry

When you hold something, you carry or support it using your hands or arms. The past tense and past participle of hold is held, not 'holded'.

I held the picture up to the light.
A baby should be held for feedings and comforting, and at other times.
2. used to mean 'have'

Hold is sometimes used with the meaning 'have' or 'possess'. It is used, for example, with words like licence and passport.

You need to hold a work permit.

It is also used with words like opinion.

He held firm opinions which usually conflicted with my own.
This soon dispelled any foolish notions they might hold about Baldwin's ability.

Both of these uses are rather formal, and in conversation you normally use have, not 'hold'.

He doesn't need to have a licence.
I have very strong opinions about electoral reform.

hold


Past participle: held
Gerund: holding

Imperative
hold
hold
Present
I hold
you hold
he/she/it holds
we hold
you hold
they hold
Preterite
I held
you held
he/she/it held
we held
you held
they held
Present Continuous
I am holding
you are holding
he/she/it is holding
we are holding
you are holding
they are holding
Present Perfect
I have held
you have held
he/she/it has held
we have held
you have held
they have held
Past Continuous
I was holding
you were holding
he/she/it was holding
we were holding
you were holding
they were holding
Past Perfect
I had held
you had held
he/she/it had held
we had held
you had held
they had held
Future
I will hold
you will hold
he/she/it will hold
we will hold
you will hold
they will hold
Future Perfect
I will have held
you will have held
he/she/it will have held
we will have held
you will have held
they will have held
Future Continuous
I will be holding
you will be holding
he/she/it will be holding
we will be holding
you will be holding
they will be holding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been holding
you have been holding
he/she/it has been holding
we have been holding
you have been holding
they have been holding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been holding
you will have been holding
he/she/it will have been holding
we will have been holding
you will have been holding
they will have been holding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been holding
you had been holding
he/she/it had been holding
we had been holding
you had been holding
they had been holding
Conditional
I would hold
you would hold
he/she/it would hold
we would hold
you would hold
they would hold
Past Conditional
I would have held
you would have held
he/she/it would have held
we would have held
you would have held
they would have held
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hold - the act of graspinghold - the act of grasping; "he released his clasp on my arm"; "he has a strong grip for an old man"; "she kept a firm hold on the railing"
choke hold, chokehold - a restraining hold; someone loops the arm around the neck of another person in a tight grip, usually from behind; "he grabbed the woman in a chokehold, demanded her cash and jewelry, and then fled"
embrace, embracement, embracing - the act of clasping another person in the arms (as in greeting or affection)
prehension, taking hold, grasping, seizing - the act of gripping something firmly with the hands (or the tentacles)
wrestling hold - a hold used in the sport of wrestling
2.hold - understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of somethinghold - understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something; "he has a good grasp of accounting practices"
discernment, savvy, understanding, apprehension - the cognitive condition of someone who understands; "he has virtually no understanding of social cause and effect"
sense - a natural appreciation or ability; "a keen musical sense"; "a good sense of timing"
3.hold - power by which something or someone is affected or dominated; "he has a hold over them"
control - power to direct or determine; "under control"
4.hold - time during which some action is awaitedhold - time during which some action is awaited; "instant replay caused too long a delay"; "he ordered a hold in the action"
pause, suspension, intermission, interruption, break - a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
extension - a mutually agreed delay in the date set for the completion of a job or payment of a debt; "they applied for an extension of the loan"
moratorium - a legally authorized postponement before some obligation must be discharged
retardation - the extent to which something is delayed or held back
5.hold - a state of being confined (usually for a short time)hold - a state of being confined (usually for a short time); "his detention was politically motivated"; "the prisoner is on hold"; "he is in the custody of police"
confinement - the state of being confined; "he was held in confinement"
6.hold - a stronghold
stronghold, fastness - a strongly fortified defensive structure
archaicism, archaism - the use of an archaic expression
7.hold - a cell in a jail or prison
jail cell, prison cell, cell - a room where a prisoner is kept
8.hold - the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move ithold - the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it; "he grabbed the hammer by the handle"; "it was an old briefcase but it still had a good grip"
appendage - a part that is joined to something larger
aspergill, aspersorium - a short-handled device with a globe containing a sponge; used for sprinkling holy water
ax handle, axe handle - the handle of an ax
baggage, luggage - cases used to carry belongings when traveling
baseball bat, lumber - an implement used in baseball by the batter
briefcase - a case with a handle; for carrying papers or files or books
broom handle, broomstick - the handle of a broom
brush - an implement that has hairs or bristles firmly set into a handle
carpet beater, rug beater - implement for beating dust out of carpets
carrycot - box-shaped baby bed with handles (for a baby to sleep in while being carried)
cheese cutter - a kitchen utensil (board or handle) with a wire for cutting cheese
coffee cup - a cup from which coffee is drunk
coffeepot - tall pot in which coffee is brewed
cricket bat, bat - the club used in playing cricket; "a cricket bat has a narrow handle and a broad flat end for hitting"
crop - the stock or handle of a whip
eating utensil, cutlery - tableware implements for cutting and eating food
edge tool - any cutting tool with a sharp cutting edge (as a chisel or knife or plane or gouge)
faucet, spigot - a regulator for controlling the flow of a liquid from a reservoir
frying pan, frypan, skillet - a pan used for frying foods
haft, helve - the handle of a weapon or tool
handbarrow - a rectangular frame with handles at both ends; carried by two people
handcart, pushcart, cart, go-cart - wheeled vehicle that can be pushed by a person; may have one or two or four wheels; "he used a handcart to carry the rocks away"; "their pushcart was piled high with groceries"
handlebar - the shaped bar used to steer a bicycle
French telephone, handset - telephone set with the mouthpiece and earpiece mounted on a single handle
hand tool - a tool used with workers' hands
hilt - the handle of a sword or dagger
hoe handle - the handle of a hoe
knob - a round handle
ladle - a spoon-shaped vessel with a long handle; frequently used to transfer liquids from one container to another
mop handle - the handle of a mop
mug - with handle and usually cylindrical
panhandle - the handle of a pan
saddlebow, pommel - handgrip formed by the raised front part of a saddle
pommel - a handgrip that a gymnast uses when performing exercises on a pommel horse
racquet, racket - a sports implement (usually consisting of a handle and an oval frame with a tightly interlaced network of strings) used to strike a ball (or shuttlecock) in various games
rake handle - the handle of a rake
saucepan - a deep pan with a handle; used for stewing or boiling
shank, stem - cylinder forming a long narrow part of something
spatula - a turner with a narrow flexible blade
stock - the handle end of some implements or tools; "he grabbed the cue by the stock"
gunstock, stock - the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; "the rifle had been fitted with a special stock"
teacup - a cup from which tea is drunk
umbrella - a lightweight handheld collapsible canopy
watering can, watering pot - a container with a handle and a spout with a perforated nozzle; used to sprinkle water over plants
9.hold - the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargohold - the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo
enclosure - a structure consisting of an area that has been enclosed for some purpose
ship - a vessel that carries passengers or freight
Verb1.hold - keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes"
pressurise, pressurize - maintain a certain pressure; "the airplane cabin is pressurized"; "pressurize a space suit"
preserve, uphold, carry on, continue, bear on - keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; "preserve the peace in the family"; "continue the family tradition"; "Carry on the old traditions"
hold over - keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time
conserve - keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change; "Energy is conserved in this process"
preserve - keep undisturbed for personal or private use for hunting, shooting, or fishing; "preserve the forest and the lakes"
distance - keep at a distance; "we have to distance ourselves from these events in order to continue living"
housekeep - maintain a household; take care of all business related to a household
delay, detain, hold up - cause to be slowed down or delayed; "Traffic was delayed by the bad weather"; "she delayed the work that she didn't want to perform"
stand firm, withstand, hold out, resist - stand up or offer resistance to somebody or something
hold back, arrest, turn back, contain, stop, check - hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; "Arrest the downward trend"; "Check the growth of communism in South East Asia"; "Contain the rebel movement"; "Turn back the tide of communism"
live on, survive, last, live, endure, hold out, hold up, go - continue to live through hardship or adversity; "We went without water and food for 3 days"; "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"; "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"; "how long can a person last without food and water?"
hold over - keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time
2.hold - have or hold in one's hands or grip; "Hold this bowl for a moment, please"; "A crazy idea took hold of him"
grasp, hold on - hold firmly
cling to, hold close, hold tight, clutch - hold firmly, usually with one's hands; "She clutched my arm when she got scared"
cradle - hold gently and carefully; "He cradles the child in his arms"
clinch - hold a boxing opponent with one or both arms so as to prevent punches
interlace, interlock, lock - hold in a locking position; "He locked his hands around her neck"
trap - hold or catch as if in a trap; "The gaps between the teeth trap food particles"
cradle - hold or place in or as if in a cradle; "He cradled the infant in his arms"
let go, let go of, release, relinquish - release, as from one's grip; "Let go of the door handle, please!"; "relinquish your grip on the rope--you won't fall"
3.hold - organize or be responsible for; "hold a reception"; "have, throw, or make a party"; "give a course"
direct - be in charge of
4.hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
maintain, sustain, keep - supply with necessities and support; "She alone sustained her family"; "The money will sustain our good cause"; "There's little to earn and many to keep"
keep, hold on - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
keep - look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
maintain, keep - maintain for use and service; "I keep a car in the countryside"; "She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"
keep - have as a supply; "I always keep batteries in the freezer"; "keep food for a week in the pantry"; "She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator"
monopolise, monopolize - have or exploit a monopoly of; "OPEC wants to monopolize oil"
wield, exert, maintain - have and exercise; "wield power and authority"
stock, stockpile, carry - have on hand; "Do you carry kerosene heaters?"
hold, bear - have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for almost a decade"
feature, have - have as a feature; "This restaurant features the most famous chefs in France"
carry - have or possess something abstract; "I carry her image in my mind's eye"; "I will carry the secret to my grave"; "I carry these thoughts in the back of my head"; "I carry a lot of life insurance"
5.hold - keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view; "take for granted"; "view as important"; "hold these truths to be self-evident"; "I hold him personally responsible"
hold - assert or affirm; "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good"
consider, regard, view, reckon, see - deem to be; "She views this quite differently from me"; "I consider her to be shallow"; "I don't see the situation quite as negatively as you do"
6.hold - maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings); "bear a grudge"; "entertain interesting notions"; "harbor a resentment"
feel, experience - undergo an emotional sensation or be in a particular state of mind; "She felt resentful"; "He felt regret"
7.hold - to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement; "This holds the local until the express passengers change trains"; "About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade"; "The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center"; "The terrorists held the journalists for ransom"
disable, disenable, incapacitate - make unable to perform a certain action; "disable this command on your computer"
tie down, tie up, truss, bind - secure with or as if with ropes; "tie down the prisoners"; "tie up the old newspapers and bring them to the recycling shed"
fetter, shackle - restrain with fetters
enchain - restrain or bind with chains
pinion, shackle - bind the arms of
impound, pound - place or shut up in a pound; "pound the cows so they don't stray"
pound up, pound - shut up or confine in any enclosure or within any bounds or limits; "The prisoners are safely pounded"
pen up, fold - confine in a fold, like sheep
ground - confine or restrict to the ground; "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"
8.hold - secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the right to disagree"
keep, hold on - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
hold down - keep; "She manages to hold down two jobs"
9.hold - have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for almost a decade"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
10.hold - be the physical support of; carry the weight of; "The beam holds up the roof"; "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"; "What's holding that mirror?"
scaffold - provide with a scaffold for support; "scaffold the building before painting it"
block - support, secure, or raise with a block; "block a plate for printing"; "block the wheels of a car"
carry - bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of; "His efforts carried the entire project"; "How many credits is this student carrying?"; "We carry a very large mortgage"
chock - support on chocks; "chock the boat"
buoy, buoy up - keep afloat; "The life vest buoyed him up"
pole - support on poles; "pole climbing plants like beans"
bracket - support with brackets; "bracket bookshelves"
underpin - support from beneath
prop, prop up, shore up, shore - support by placing against something solid or rigid; "shore and buttress an old building"
truss - support structurally; "truss the roofs"; "trussed bridges"
brace - support by bracing
11.hold - contain or holdhold - contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water"
include - have as a part, be made up out of; "The list includes the names of many famous writers"
contain, hold, take - be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon"
retain - hold back within; "This soil retains water"; "I retain this drug for a long time"; "the dam retains the water"
hold in, enclose, confine - close in; darkness enclosed him"
12.hold - have room forhold - have room for; hold without crowding; "This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"; "The theater admits 300 people"; "The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people"
contain, hold, take - be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon"
sleep - be able to accommodate for sleeping; "This tent sleeps six people"
house - contain or cover; "This box houses the gears"
seat - be able to seat; "The theater seats 2,000"
13.hold - remain in a certain state, position, or condition; "The weather held"; "They held on the road and kept marching"
continue, go on, keep, go along, proceed - continue a certain state, condition, or activity; "Keep on working!"; "We continued to work into the night"; "Keep smiling"; "We went on working until well past midnight"
14.hold - support or hold in a certain mannerhold - support or hold in a certain manner; "She holds her head high"; "He carried himself upright"
sling - hold or carry in a sling; "he cannot button his shirt with his slinged arm"
stoop - carry oneself, often habitually, with head, shoulders, and upper back bent forward; "The old man was stooping but he could walk around without a cane"
piggyback - support on the back and shoulders; "He piggybacked her child so she could see the show"
balance, poise - hold or carry in equilibrium
deport, comport, acquit, behave, conduct, bear, carry - behave in a certain manner; "She carried herself well"; "he bore himself with dignity"; "They conducted themselves well during these difficult times"
15.hold - be valid, applicable, or true; "This theory still holds"
exist, be - have an existence, be extant; "Is there a God?"
16.hold - assert or affirm; "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good"
deem, take for, view as, hold - keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view; "take for granted"; "view as important"; "hold these truths to be self-evident"; "I hold him personally responsible"
avow, swan, swear, affirm, assert, aver, verify - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; "Before God I swear I am innocent"
17.hold - have as a major characteristic; "The novel holds many surprises"; "The book holds in store much valuable advise"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
18.hold - be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
contain, bear, carry, hold - contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water"
accommodate, admit, hold - have room for; hold without crowding; "This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"; "The theater admits 300 people"; "The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people"
19.hold - arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please hold a table at Maxim's"
call for, request, bespeak, quest - express the need or desire for; ask for; "She requested an extra bed in her room"; "She called for room service"
reserve - obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance; "We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's"
hold open, keep open, save, keep - retain rights to; "keep my job for me while I give birth"; "keep my seat, please"; "keep open the possibility of a merger"
20.hold - protect against a challenge or attack; "Hold that position behind the trees!"; "Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks"
protect - shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; "Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain"
hold - take and maintain control over, often by violent means; "The dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week"
21.hold - bind by an obligationhold - bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; "He's held by a contract"; "I'll hold you by your promise"
pledge - bind or secure by a pledge; "I was pledged to silence"
article - bind by a contract; especially for a training period
indenture, indent - bind by or as if by indentures, as of an apprentice or servant; "an indentured servant"
tie down - restrain from independence by an obligation; "He was tied down by his work"
relate - have or establish a relationship to; "She relates well to her peers"
22.hold - hold the attention of; "The soprano held the audience"; "This story held our interest"; "She can hold an audience spellbound"
bewitch, captivate, charm, enamor, enamour, entrance, trance, becharm, beguile, enchant, capture, fascinate, catch - attract; cause to be enamored; "She captured all the men's hearts"
23.hold - remain committed to; "I hold to these ideas"
think, believe, conceive, consider - judge or regard; look upon; judge; "I think he is very smart"; "I believe her to be very smart"; "I think that he is her boyfriend"; "The racist conceives such people to be inferior"
24.hold - resist or confront with resistance; "The politician defied public opinion"; "The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear"; "The bridge held"
stand firm, withstand, hold out, resist - stand up or offer resistance to somebody or something
brave, brave out, weather, endure - face and withstand with courage; "She braved the elements"
25.hold - be pertinent or relevant or applicable; "The same laws apply to you!"; "This theory holds for all irrational numbers"; "The same rules go for everyone"
concern, have to do with, pertain, bear on, come to, touch on, refer, relate, touch - be relevant to; "There were lots of questions referring to her talk"; "My remark pertained to your earlier comments"
lend oneself, apply - be applicable to; as to an analysis; "This theory lends itself well to our new data"
26.hold - stop dealing with; "hold all calls to the President's office while he is in a meeting"
postpone, prorogue, put off, defer, set back, shelve, table, put over, remit, hold over - hold back to a later time; "let's postpone the exam"
27.hold - lessen the intensity ofhold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
conquer, inhibit, stamp down, suppress, subdue, curb - to put down by force or authority; "suppress a nascent uprising"; "stamp down on littering"; "conquer one's desires"
damp - restrain or discourage; "the sudden bad news damped the joyous atmosphere"
mortify, subdue, crucify - hold within limits and control; "subdue one's appetites"; "mortify the flesh"
abnegate, deny - deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure; "She denied herself wine and spirits"
keep back, restrain, hold back, keep - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"
restrict - place under restrictions; limit access to; "This substance is controlled"
train - cause to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it; "train the vine"
catch - check oneself during an action; "She managed to catch herself before telling her boss what was on her mind"
bate - moderate or restrain; lessen the force of; "He bated his breath when talking about this affair"; "capable of bating his enthusiasm"
thermostat - control the temperature with a thermostat
countercheck, counteract - oppose or check by a counteraction
28.hold - keep from departing; "Hold the taxi"; "Hold the horse"
prevent, keep - stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state; "We must prevent the cancer from spreading"; "His snoring kept me from falling asleep"; "Keep the child from eating the marbles"
29.hold - take and maintain control over, often by violent means; "The dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week"
defend, guard, hold - protect against a challenge or attack; "Hold that position behind the trees!"; "Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks"
control, command - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
30.hold - cause to stophold - cause to stop; "Halt the engines"; "Arrest the progress"; "halt the presses"
stop - cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief"
31.hold - cover as for protection against noise or smell; "She held her ears when the jackhammer started to operate"; "hold one's nose"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
32.hold - drink alcohol without showing ill effects; "He can hold his liquor"; "he had drunk more than he could carry"
booze, drink, fuddle - consume alcohol; "We were up drinking all night"
33.hold - aim, point, or direct; "Hold the fire extinguisher directly on the flames"
aim, take aim, train, direct, take - point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards; "Please don't aim at your little brother!"; "He trained his gun on the burglar"; "Don't train your camera on the women"; "Take a swipe at one's opponent"
34.hold - declare to behold - declare to be; "She was declared incompetent"; "judge held that the defendant was innocent"
pass judgment, evaluate, judge - form a critical opinion of; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"; "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
acknowledge, admit - declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of; "He admitted his errors"; "She acknowledged that she might have forgotten"
superannuate - declare to be obsolete
bastardise, bastardize - declare a child to be illegitimate
certify - declare legally insane
call - declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee; "call a runner out"
beatify - declare (a dead person) to be blessed; the first step of achieving sainthood; "On Sunday, the martyr will be beatified by the Vatican"
canonize, saint, canonise - declare (a dead person) to be a saint; "After he was shown to have performed a miracle, the priest was canonized"
pronounce, label, judge - pronounce judgment on; "They labeled him unfit to work here"
strike down, cancel - declare null and void; make ineffective; "Cancel the election results"; "strike down a law"
formalise, formalize - make formal or official; "We formalized the appointment and gave him a title"
35.hold - be in accordhold - be in accord; be in agreement; "We agreed on the terms of the settlement"; "I can't agree with you!"; "I hold with those who say life is sacred"; "Both philosophers concord on this point"
settle - end a legal dispute by arriving at a settlement; "The two parties finally settled"
conciliate, patch up, reconcile, settle, make up - come to terms; "After some discussion we finally made up"
see eye to eye - be in agreement; "We never saw eye to eye on this question"
concede, grant, yield - be willing to concede; "I grant you this much"
subscribe, support - adopt as a belief; "I subscribe to your view on abortion"
resolve, conclude - reach a conclusion after a discussion or deliberation
arrange, fix up - make arrangements for; "Can you arrange a meeting with the President?"
agree - achieve harmony of opinion, feeling, or purpose; "No two of my colleagues would agree on whom to elect chairman"
36.hold - keep from exhaling or expelling; "hold your breath"
keep back, restrain, hold back, keep - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"

hold

verb
1. carry, keep, grip, grasp, cling to, clasp, HD (S.M.S.) Hold the baby while I load the car.
2. support, take, bear, shoulder, sustain, prop, brace, HD (S.M.S.) Hold the weight with a straight arm above your head.
support break, give way, loosen, come undone
3. embrace, grasp, clutch, hug, squeeze, cradle, clasp, enfold, HD (S.M.S.) If only he would hold her close to him.
4. restrain, constrain, check, bind, curb, hamper, hinder, HD (S.M.S.) He was held in an arm lock.
restrain free, release, let go, let loose
5. accommodate, take, contain, seat, comprise, have a capacity for, HD (S.M.S.) The small bottles don't seem to hold much.
6. consider, think, believe, view, judge, regard, maintain, assume, reckon, esteem, deem, presume, entertain the idea, HD (S.M.S.) She holds that it is not admissible to ordain women.
consider deny, reject, put down, refute, disavow, disclaim
7. occupy, have, fill, maintain, retain, possess, hold down (informal), HD (S.M.S.) She has never held a ministerial post.
8. possess, have, own, bear, retain, be in possession of, HD (S.M.S.) Applicants should normally hold an Honours degree.
possess give, offer, give up, hand over, give away, turn over, bestow
9. conduct, convene, have, call, run, celebrate, carry on, assemble, preside over, officiate at, solemnize, HD (S.M.S.) They held frequent consultations concerning technical problems.
conduct cancel, postpone, call off
10. detain, arrest, confine, imprison, impound, pound, hold in custody, put in jail, HD (S.M.S.) the return of two seamen held on spying charges
detain release, free
11. (sometimes with up) continue, last, remain, stay, wear, resist, endure, persist, persevere, HD (S.M.S.) Our luck couldn't hold for ever.
12. apply, exist, be the case, stand up, operate, be in force, remain true, hold good, remain valid, HD (S.M.S.) Today, most people think that argument no longer holds.
13. keep, catch, maintain, capture, absorb, engross, HD (S.M.S.) Didn't it hold your attention?
noun
1. grip, grasp, clutch, clasp, HD (S.M.S.) He released his hold on the camera.
2. foothold, footing, purchase, leverage, vantage, anchorage, HD (S.M.S.) The idea didn't really get a hold in this country.
3. control, authority, influence, pull (informal), sway, dominance, clout (informal), mastery, dominion, ascendancy, mana (N.Z.), HD (S.M.S.) It's always useful to have a hold over people.
hold back desist, forbear, hesitate, stop yourself, restrain yourself, refrain from doing something She wanted to say something but held back.
hold forth speak, go on, discourse, lecture, preach, spout (informal), harangue, declaim, spiel (informal), descant, orate, speechify He is capable of holding forth with great eloquence.
hold off put off, delay, postpone, defer, avoid, refrain, keep from The hospital staff held off taking him in for an X-ray.
hold on wait (a minute), hang on (informal), sit tight (informal), hold your horses (informal), just a moment or second Hold on while I have a look.
hold onto something or someone
1. grab, hold, grip, clutch, cling to He was struggling to hold onto the rock above his head.
2. retain, keep, hang onto, not give away, keep possession of to enable Spurs to hold onto their striker
hold out last, continue, carry on, endure, hang on, persist, persevere, stay the course, stand fast He can only hold out for a few more weeks.
hold out against something or someone withstand, resist, fend off, keep at bay, fight They held out against two companies of troops.
hold someone back hinder, prevent, restrain, check, hamstring, hamper, inhibit, thwart, obstruct, impede Does her illness hold her back from making friends or enjoying life?
hold someone down oppress, suppress, subdue, dominate, repress, keep down, subjugate, keep under control, tyrannize some vast conspiracy to hold down the younger generation
hold someone up delay, slow down, hinder, stop, detain, retard, impede, set back Why were you holding everyone up?
hold something back
1. restrain, check, curb, control, suppress, rein (in), repress, stem the flow of Stagnation in home sales is holding back economic recovery.
2. withhold, hold in, suppress, stifle, repress, keep the lid on (informal), keep back You seem to be holding something back.
hold something down
1. keep, hold, maintain, retain He could never hold down a job.
2. keep down, fix, freeze, keep low, peg down rates necessary to hold down inflation
hold something in suppress, repress, smother, hold something back, keep something in, choke something back, fight something back Go ahead and cry. Don't hold it in.
hold something or someone dear revere, prize, treasure, cherish, appreciate, rate highly, set great store by, value highly, put on a pedestal (informal), care very much for Labour has dumped just about all it held dear a decade ago.
hold something or someone off fend off, repel, rebuff, stave off, repulse, keep off holding off a tremendous challenge
hold something out offer, give, present, extend, proffer Max held out his cup for a refill.
hold something over postpone, delay, suspend, put off, defer, adjourn, waive, take a rain check on (U.S. & Canad. informal) Further voting might be held over until tomorrow.
hold something up
1. display, show, exhibit, flourish, show off, hold aloft, present, showboat Hold it up so we can see it.
2. support, prop, brace, bolster, sustain, shore up, buttress, jack up Mills have iron pillars holding up the roof.
3. rob, mug (informal), stick up (slang, chiefly U.S.), waylay A thief ran off with hundreds of pounds after holding up a petrol station.
hold up
1. last, survive, endure, bear up, wear Children's wear is holding up well in the recession.
2. hold water (informal), be valid, be logical, be credible, be consistent I'm not sure if the argument holds up, but it's stimulating.
hold with something approve of, be in favour of, support, subscribe to, countenance, agree to or with, take kindly to I don't hold with the way they do things nowadays.
hold your own keep up, do well, hold out, keep pace, stay put, stand firm, hold fast, stand your ground, stick to your guns (informal), keep your head above water, maintain your position The Frenchman held his own against the challenger.
lay hold of something or someone grasp, grab, seize, grip, snatch, get hold of, get They laid hold of him with rough hands.

hold

verb
1. To put one's arms around affectionately:
Slang: clinch.
Archaic: bosom, clip, embosom.
2. To sustain the weight of:
3. To keep in custody:
4. To compel, as the attention, interest, or imagination, of:
Slang: grab.
5. To be filled by:
6. To have the room or capacity for:
7. To have and maintain in one's possession:
8. To have at one's disposal:
9. To have the use or benefit of:
10. To control, restrict, or arrest:
11. To keep at one's disposal:
12. To have an opinion:
Informal: figure, judge.
Idiom: be of the opinion.
13. To put into words positively and with conviction:
Idiom: have it.
14. To view in a certain way:
15. To prove valid under scrutiny.Also used with up:
Informal: wash.
16. To organize and carry out (an activity):
phrasal verb
hold back
1. To have and maintain in one's possession:
2. To interfere with the progress of:
Idiom: get in the way of.
3. To hold (something requiring an outlet) in check:
Informal: sit on (or upon).
4. To control, restrict, or arrest:
phrasal verb
hold down
1. To hold (something requiring an outlet) in check:
Informal: sit on (or upon).
2. To control, restrict, or arrest:
phrasal verb
hold in
To control, restrict, or arrest:
phrasal verb
hold off
1. To put off until a later time:
Informal: wait.
Idiom: put on ice.
2. To hold oneself back:
phrasal verb
hold out
To be in existence or in a certain state for an indefinitely long time:
phrasal verb
hold up
1. To put off until a later time:
Informal: wait.
Idiom: put on ice.
2. To cause to be later or slower than expected or desired:
3. To take property or possessions from (a person or company, for example) unlawfully and usually forcibly:
Slang: heist, knock off.
4. To withstand stress or difficulty:
phrasal verb
hold with
To be favorably disposed toward:
Informal: go for.
noun
1. An act or means of holding something:
Sports: grapple.
2. A strong or powerful influence:
3. Firm control:
4. Intellectual hold:
Informal: savvy.
Translations
يُمْسِكُ بيَمْلُك، يَحْتَفِظُ بيَنْتَظِريوقِف، يَصُدعَنْبَر أو مَخْزَن السَّفينَه
držetdržet sehájithlídathmat
holdeholde henholde nogen fast til nogetindeholdeindflydelse
pidelläpitääruumasäilyttääsisältää
držatiprimati
bíîaeigagegnageymagilda
・・・を収容できる手に持つ
...을 잡고 있다수용하다
aizstāvētaizturētbūtbūt spēkādomāt
čakaťchystaťdržanie sahmatkonať
držatiimetioropatipočakatiprijem
hållarymma
จุ รับได้ถือ
tutmaktutuşuzatmakyakalamayapmak
cầmcó sức chứa

hold

[ˈhəʊld]
vb [held] [ˈhɛld] (pt, pp)
vt
(= clasp, grasp) → tenir
She held the baby → Elle tenait le bébé.
Can you hold this for a minute? → Tu peux me tenir ça une minute?
(= keep, maintain)
Hold your hands in front of your face → Levez vos mains devant vos yeux.
to hold one's back straight → se tenir droit
to hold sth shut → maintenir qch fermé(e)
to hold sth open → maintenir qch ouvert(e)
to hold the door open for sb [person] → tenir la porte à qn
to hold one's head high (= refuse to be ashamed) → garder la tête haute
to hold one's own [person] → bien se défendre
to hold one's own against sb [person] → tenir tête à qn
For a time they held their own against the imperial troops → Pendant un temps, ils tinrent tête aux troupes impériales.
to hold one's breath → retenir sa respiration
don't hold your breath! → ça n'arrivera peut-être pas de sitôt !
to hold sb's interest → maintenir l'intérêt de qn
It's hard to hold their interest → Il est difficile de maintenir leur intérêt.
to hold sb's attention → maintenir l'attention de qn en éveil
It's done in a way that will hold children's attention → C'est fait de manière à maintenir en éveil l'attention des enfants.
Stein is an impressive public speaker capable of holding the attention of large audiences for hours at a stretch → Stein est un orateur impressionnant, capable de maintenir en éveil l'attention de son auditoire pendant des heures de rang.
(= contain) → contenir
This bottle holds one litre → Cette bouteille contient un litre.
The stadium can hold 10 000 people → Le stade peut contenir 10 000 personnes.
It holds no interest for me
BUT Cela ne présente aucun intérêt pour moi.
(= cause to take place) [+ meeting] → tenir; [+ election, referendum] → tenir; [+ inquiry, investigation] → ouvrir
to hold a meeting → tenir une réunion
to hold talks with sb → s'entretenir avec qn
He has recently held talks with his advisers → Il s'est récemment entretenu avec ses conseillers.
(= detain) [+ person] → détenir
He was held for two days by the police → La police l'a détenu pendant deux jours.
I was held overnight in a cell
BUT J'ai passé la nuit dans une cellule.
to hold sb prisoner → garder qn prisonnier
to hold sb captive → garder qn en captivité
to hold sb hostage → garder qn en otage
(= believe) → maintenir, considérer
to hold that ... → être d'opinion que ...
to hold the view that ... → être d'opinion que ..., estimer que ...
I myself hold the view that → Je suis moi-même d'opinion que ...
to hold sb responsible for sth → tenir qn responsable de qch
to hold sb liable for sth → engager la responsabilité de qn pour qch, tenir qn responsable de qch
The legislation will hold parents liable when their children commit crimes → La législation engagera la responsabilité des parents pour les délits commis par leurs enfants., La législation tiendra les parents responsables des délits commis par leurs enfants.
to be held liable for sth → être tenu(e) responsable de qch
A business firm can be held liable for damages caused by employees → Une entreprise commerciale peut être tenue responsable des dommages causés par ses employés.
BUT La responsabilité d'une entreprise commerciale peut être engagée en cas de dommages causés par ses employés.
(= possess) [+ title, position] → tenir; [+ licence] → avoir, être titulaire de
He has held his position for exactly a year → Il a tenu ce poste pendant exactement un an.
BUT Il a été à ce poste pendant exactement un an.
He did not hold a firearms licence → Il n'avait pas de permis de port d'arme.
to hold shares in a company → détenir des actions dans une société
to hold office → occuper un poste, être en poste
He continues to hold the office of army Chief of Staff → Il est toujours en poste comme chef d'état-major de l'armée.
She has never held ministerial office
BUT Elle n'a jamais eu de portefeuille ministériel.
to hold public office → occuper un poste dans la fonction publique
Roman Catholics were forbidden from holding public office → Il était interdit aux catholiques d'occuper un poste dans la fonction publique.
(have the capacity to support) to hold sb's weight → supporter le poids de qn
(on telephone) to hold the line → ne pas quitter
Hold the line! → Ne quittez pas!
(= wait) hold it! → attends!
vi
(= withstand pressure) [structure, glue, fastening] → tenir; [luck]
Their luck held → La chance était toujours de leur côté.
(= be valid) [argument] → tenir; [offer] → tenir
Your argument doesn't hold → Ton argument ne tient pas.
Will you tell her my offer still holds? → Peux-tu lui dire que mon offre tient toujours ?
(= keep) to hold still [person] → arrêter de bouger, se tenir tranquille
Can't you hold still for a second? → Tu peux arrêter de bouger une seconde ?
to hold steady [person] → tenir bon
to hold tight (to stop o.s. from falling over)se cramponner; (hold off from a particular course of action)tenir bon, camper sur ses positions
Investors would be well advised to hold tight → Les investisseurs seraient bien avisés de camper sur leurs positions.
(on telephone)rester en ligne
The line's engaged: will you hold? → C'est occupé : vous restez en ligne?
n
(= grip) → prise f
He released his hold on the camera → Il relâcha sa prise sur l'appareil photo.
to grab hold of sth/sb (= grasp) → se saisir de qch/qn
to catch hold of sth/sb (= grab) → se saisir de qch/qn
A doctor and a nurse caught hold of his arms → Un médecin et une infirmière se saisirent de ses bras.
to take hold of sth/sb (= grab) → attraper qch/qn
Mother took hold of the barking dogs by their collars → Mère attrapa les chiens qui aboyaient par leur collier.
to take hold of sb (= overwhelm) [emotion, excitement] → s'emparer de qn
She felt a strange excitement taking hold of her → Elle sentit une étrange excitation s'emparer d'elle.
to get hold of sth/sb (= grab) → se saisir de qch/qn
He got hold of my arm → Il se saisit de mon bras. (= manage to find) → mettre la main sur qch/qn
I couldn't get hold of it → Je n'ai pas réussi à mettre la main dessus.
(fig)emprise f
to have a hold over sb → avoir une emprise sur qn
Because he once loved her, she still has a hold on him → Parce qu'il l'avait jadis aimée, elle avait toujours une emprise sur lui.
to put sth on hold → mettre qch en attente
(on phone) to put sb on hold → mettre qn en attente
[ship] → cale f
hold against
vt sep
to hold sth against sb → tenir rigueur de qch à qn
I don't hold it against him → Je ne lui en tiens pas rigueur.
hold back
vt sep
(= restrain) [+ person, crowd] → retenir
to hold back one's tears → retenir ses larmes
to hold back one's laughter → s'efforcer de ne pas éclater de rire
(= hinder, inhibit) [+ person] [situation, conditions] → être un obstacle pour; [person] → brider; [+ recovery] → retarder
She wanted to be an actress but her dyslexia held her back → Elle voulait être actrice, mais sa dyslexie a été un obstacle pour elle.
She's very ambitious, so don't try to hold her back → Elle est très ambitieuse, n'essaie pas de la brider.
to hold sb back from doing sth → retenir qn de faire qch
Sydney's pride held him back from relying on her too much → C'est son orgueil qui retenait Sydney de trop dépendre d'elle.
What's holding him back from making a final decision? → Qu'est-ce qui le retient de prendre une décision sans appel ?
(= keep to o.s.) [+ secret] → garder pour soi; [+ information] → garder pour soi
What helpful information do you believe I have held back? → Quelle information utile crois-tu que j'ai gardée pour moi?
Are you holding something back? → Tu me caches quelque chose ?
vi (= hesitate before acting) → temporiser
The administration had several reasons for holding back → L'administration avait ses raisons de temporiser.
to hold back from doing sth → attendre avant de faire qch
Ministers held back from making the bad news public → Les ministres ont attendu avant de rendre publique la mauvaise nouvelle., Les ministres ont retardé la diffusion de la mauvaise nouvelle.
hold down
vt sep
(physically) [+ person] → maintenir à terre
[+ costs, prices, inflation] → maintenir au plus bas, maintenir un bas niveau de
[+ job] (= have) → occuper (= keep) → garder
hold forth
vipérorer
hold off
vt sep [+ challenger, competitor] → maintenir à distance
vi
[person]
They threatened military action but have held off until now → Ils ont menacé d'intervenir militairement mais n'ont rien fait jusqu'à maintenant.
to hold off doing sth
He has held off planting the seeds → Il a remis les plantations à plus tard.
[rain]
if the rain holds off → s'il ne se met pas à pleuvoir
hold on
vi
(to surface, cliff etc)tenir bon
The rope was wet, but Nancy held on → La corde était mouillée mais Nancy tint bon.
(= wait) → attendre
Hold on, I'm coming! → Attends-moi, j'arrive!
hold on! (on phone)ne quittez pas!
hold on to
vt fus
(= grip) [+ surface, rope, object] → se cramponner à
He held on to the chair → Il se cramponnait à la chaise.
(= keep) → conserver, garder
hold out
vt sep
[+ object] → tendre
to hold one's hand out → tendre la main
vi (= resist) → résister, tenir bon
to hold out against → résister devant, tenir bon devant
to hold out for sth → tenir bon pour obtenir qch
I should have held out for better terms → J'aurais dû tenir bon pour obtenir de meilleures conditions.
hold over
vt sep [+ event, meeting] → ajourner, reporter
hold up
vt sep
(= raise) → lever
to hold up one's hand → lever la main
Pierre held up his hand → Pierre a levé la main.
(= support) [+ object, person] → soutenir
These books hold the bed up → Le lit repose sur ces livres., Ces livres soutiennent le lit.
(= delay) [+ person] → retenir; [+ traffic] → ralentir
I was held up at the office → J'ai été retenu au bureau.
(= rob) → braquer
to hold up a bank → braquer une banque
to hold sb up at gunpoint → tenir qn en respect (avec son arme)
He held me up at gunpoint → Il me tenait en respect avec son arme.
hold with
vt fus (= tolerate) → apprécier
I don't hold with this so-called modern art → Je n'apprécie pas ce soi-disant art moderne.

hold

vb: pret, ptp <held>
NOUN
= grip, clutchGriff m; (Mountaineering) → Halt m no pl; (Wrestling) → Griff m; I tried to break free from his holdich versuchte, mich aus seinem Griff zu befreien; the rock face offers few holds to climbersdie Felswand bietet dem Bergsteiger wenig Halt; to release/loosen one’s hold on somebody/somethingjdn/etw loslassen; to have a firm hold on somebody (lit)jdn festhalten
? to have/get/keep etc (a) hold of to have/catch hold of something (lit)etw festhalten/fassen or packen; to keep hold of somethingetw nicht loslassen; (= keep)etw behalten; to seize or grab hold of somebody/somethingjdn/etw fassen or packen; grab hold of my handfass mich bei der Hand; to get or take (a) hold of somethingsich an etw (dat)festhalten; to get or lay hold of something (fig: = obtain) → etw finden or auftreiben (inf); guns, drugsetw in die Finger bekommen; information, story, factsetw in Erfahrung bringen; where did you get hold of that idea?wie kommst du denn auf die Idee?; to get hold of somebody (fig)jdn finden or auftreiben (inf); (on phone etc) → jdn erreichen; to get (a) hold of oneself (fig)sich in den Griff bekommen; get (a) hold of yourself!reiß dich zusammen!
? to lose one’s holdden Halt verlieren; he lost his hold and feller verlor den Halt und stürzte ab; to lose one’s hold on lifemit dem Leben nicht mehr fertig werden; he’s lost his hold on realityer hat den Sinn für die Realität verloren
? to take hold (person: of rope, support)sich festhalten; (fig, custom, practice, fashion, idea) → sich durchsetzen; (fire, epidemic)sich ausbreiten; (disease)sich verschlimmern; (recession)sich breitmachen; (truce, ceasefire)andauern
? on hold to be on holdwarten; (fig)auf Eis liegen; to put somebody on hold (Telec) → jdn auf Wartestellung schalten; (in larger organizations) → jdn auf die Warteschlange legen; to put something on hold (fig, decision, plan, career) → etw auf Eis legen; can we put this discussion on hold?können wir diese Diskussion unterbrechen?
? no holds barred when those two have a row, there are no holds barred (fig)wenn die beiden sich streiten, dann kennen sie nichts mehr (inf)or kein Pardon (inf)
= influenceEinfluss m (→ over auf +acc)
? hold on or over sb/sth to have a hold over or on somebody(großen) Einfluss auf jdn ausüben; audience, followersjdn in seiner Gewalt haben; to have a firm hold on somebody (fig)jdn fest im Griff haben; he hasn’t got any hold on or over meer kann mir nichts anhaben; she still has a hold on himsie hat ihn immer noch in der Hand; the president has consolidated his hold on powerder Präsident hat seine Macht gefestigt
of hairspray, mousseHalt m; firm/extra holdfester/zusätzlicher Halt
Naut, Aviat → Laderaum m, → Frachtraum m
TRANSITIVE VERB
= grasp, griphalten; to hold one’s sides with laughtersich (dat)den Bauch vor Lachen halten; to hold somebody/something tightjdn/etw (ganz) festhalten; the frightened children held each other tightdie verängstigten Kinder klammerten sich aneinander; this car holds the road welldieses Auto hat eine gute Straßenlage; to hold something in placeetw (fest)halten
? to hold handssich an der Hand halten, sich anfassen; (lovers, children etc) → Händchen halten; to walk along holding handsangefasst gehen
= carry, maintainhalten; to hold oneself uprightsich gerade or aufrecht halten; to hold oneself/something ready or in readinesssich/etw bereithalten
= containenthalten; (= have capacity etc of: bottle, tank etc) → fassen; (= have room for: bus, plane, hall etc) → Platz haben für; this room holds twenty peoplein diesem Raum haben zwanzig Personen Platz; this CD rack holds 20 CDsin diesem CD-Ständer haben 20 CDs Platz; this holds the radar equipmentdies enthält die Radarausrüstung; my brain can’t hold so much information at one timeso viel kann ich nicht auf einmal behalten; what does the future hold (for us)?was bringt or birgt (geh)(uns) die Zukunft?; death holds no fears for themder Tod hat or birgt (geh)nichts Beängstigendes für sie
= believemeinen; (= maintain)behaupten; it was universally held that Andy was an excellent teacheralle meinten, dass Andy ein hervorragender Lehrer sei; I have always held that …ich habe schon immer behauptet, dass …; to hold something to be true/false/immoral etcetw für wahr/falsch/unmoralisch etc halten; to hold the belief that …glauben, dass …; to hold the view or opinion that …die Meinung vertreten, dass …; the court held that …das Gericht entschied, dass…
= consider to hold somebody responsible (for something)jdn (für etw) verantwortlich machen; she held the memory of her late husband dearsie hielt das Andenken an ihren verstorbenen Mann hoch; she held her youngest grandchild dearihr jüngstes Enkelkind bedeutete ihr sehr viel or war ihr teuer (liter)
= restrain, retain, keep back trainaufhalten; one’s breathanhalten; suspect, hostages etcfesthalten; parcel, confiscated goods etczurückhalten; to hold somebody (prisoner)jdn gefangen halten; to hold somebody hostagejdn als Geisel festhalten; there’s no holding himer ist nicht zu bremsen (inf); hold everything! (inf)stop!; hold the line!bleiben Sie am Apparat!; hold hard, hold your horses (inf)immer mit der Ruhe, immer sachte mit den jungen Pferden! (inf)
? to hold one’s fire (= not shoot)nicht schießen; (fig: = delay action) → sich zurückhalten
? to hold one’s breath (lit)den Atem anhalten; don’t hold your breath! (iro)erwarte nicht zu viel!
? hold it! (inf)Momentchen (inf), → Moment mal (inf); hold it there! (when taking photograph) → so ist gut; hold it right there, buster (inf)keine Bewegung, Freundchen (inf)
= possess, occupy post, positioninnehaben, bekleiden (form); passport, permit, degreehaben; powerhaben, besitzen; (Fin) sharesbesitzen; (= have) recordsführen; filehaben; (= store: on computer, disk) → speichern; (Sport) recordhalten; (Mil) positionhalten; (against attack) → behaupten, halten; the family holds most of the sharesdie meisten Aktien sind or befinden sich in den Händen or im Besitz der Familie; when Spain held vast territories in South Americaals Spanien riesige Besitzungen in Südamerika hatte; she holds the key to the mysterysie hat den Schlüssel zu dem Geheimnis; to hold officeim Amt sein
= keep, not let go to hold its valueseinen Wert behalten; to hold one’s ownsich behaupten (können); to hold course for (Naut) → Kurs halten auf (+acc); to hold one’s coursedie Richtung beibehalten; to hold one’s serve (Tennis) → den Aufschlag behalten; to hold somebody’s attentionjds Aufmerksamkeit fesseln; to hold somebody’s interestjds Interesse wachhalten; to hold a note (Mus) → einen Ton halten
? to hold sb to sth I’ll hold you to your promise or to that!ich werde Sie beim Wort nehmen
= organize, have meeting, session, debate, electionabhalten; talksführen; partygeben; (Eccl) service(ab)halten; services are held every Sunday at 11 amGottesdienst findet jeden Sonntag um 11 Uhr statt; to hold a check on somebody/somethingjdn/etw kontrollieren; to hold a conversationeine Unterhaltung führen or haben, sich unterhalten
= cope with he can’t hold his liquorer verträgt nichts; she can hold her drink (esp Brit) → sie verträgt was
INTRANSITIVE VERB
rope, nail, roof etchalten; to hold firm or fasthalten
person to hold stillstill halten; to hold tightfesthalten; he held tight to his assertioner hielt an seiner Behauptung fest
Telec please hold!bitte bleiben Sie am Apparat!; I’ve been holding for five minutesich warte schon fünf Minuten
= continue will the weather hold?wird sich das Wetter wohl halten?; if his luck holdswenn ihm das Glück treu bleibt
= be valid, apply togelten; theorystimmen; to hold good (rule, promise etc)gelten; it holds for all these caseses gilt in allen diesen Fällen or für alle diese Fälle
PHRASAL VERBS
? hold against vt always separate to hold something against somebodyjdm etw übel nehmen or verübeln; criminal record, past failingsjdm etw anlasten or zur Last legen
? hold back vi (= stay back, hesitate, not perform fully)sich zurückhalten; (= fail to act)zögern; I think he’s holding back, he knows moreich glaube, er weiß mehr und rückt nur nicht mit der Sprache heraus; I held back from telling him just what I thought of himich unterließ es, ihm meine Meinung zu sagen vt sep
crowdzurückhalten; river, floods(auf)stauen; tearszurückhalten, unterdrücken; emotionsverbergen, unterdrücken; to hold somebody back from doing somethingjdn daran hindern, etw zu tun
(= prevent from making progress)daran hindern, voranzukommen; he would let nothing hold him back from getting his waynichts kann ihn daran hindern, seinen Willen durchzusetzen; nothing can hold him back nowjetzt ist er nicht mehr aufzuhalten
(= withhold)verheimlichen, verbergen; information, reportgeheim halten; pay increaseverzögern; he was holding something back from meer verheimlichte or verbarg mir etwas

? hold down vt sep
(= keep on the ground)niederhalten, unten halten; (= keep in its place)(fest)halten; (= oppress) country, peopleunterdrücken; (= keep in check)unter Kontrolle haben; (= keep low) prices, costs, numbers, pressureniedrig halten; to hold one’s head downden Kopf senken
jobhaben; he can’t hold any job down for longer kann sich in keiner Stellung lange halten

? hold forth visich ergehen (geh), → sich auslassen (→ on über +acc) vt sep (form, = offer) → bieten
? hold in vt sep stomacheinziehen; emotionszurückhalten; horsezurückhalten, zügeln; to hold in one’s angerseinen Ärger unterdrücken; to hold oneself in (emotionally) → sich beherrschen, an sich halten
? hold off vi
(= keep away)sich fernhalten (from von); (= not act)warten; (enemy)nicht angreifen; they held off where they should have intervenedsie hätten eingreifen sollen, haben sich aber zurückgehalten; they held off eating until she arrivedsie warteten mit dem Essen, bis sie kam
(rain, storm)ausbleiben; I hope the rain holds offich hoffe, dass es nicht regnet
vt sep (= keep back, resist) enemy, attack, challengeabwehren; inflationeindämmen; how much longer can she go on holding him off?wie lange kann sie ihn wohl noch hinhalten?
? hold on vi (lit: = maintain grip) → sich festhalten; (= endure, resist)durchhalten, aushalten; (= wait)warten; hold on (a minute)!Moment!; (Telec) → einen Moment bitte!; now hold on a minute!Moment mal! vt sep(fest)halten; to be held on by somethingmit etw befestigt sein; this Sellotape won’t hold it onmit dem Tesafilm hält das nicht
? hold on to vi +prep obj
(lit)festhalten; here, hold on to this!halt das mal (fest)!; he was holding on to the ledgeer hielt or klammerte sich am Felsvorsprung fest; they held on to each othersie hielten sich aneinander fest, sie klammerten sich aneinander
(fig) hopenicht aufgeben; idea, belieffesthalten an (+dat)
(= keep)behalten; positionbeibehalten; staffhalten; to hold on to the leadin Führung bleiben; to hold on to powersich an der Macht halten

? hold out vi
(supplies etc)reichen
(= endure, resist)aushalten, durchhalten; (= refuse to yield)nicht nachgeben; to hold out against somebody/somethingsich gegen jdn/etw behaupten; to hold out for somethingauf etw (dat)bestehen
vt sep
(lit)vorstrecken, ausstrecken; to hold out something to somebodyjdm etw hinhalten; to hold out one’s handdie Hand ausstrecken; hold your hand outhalt die Hand auf; she held out her armssie breitete die Arme aus
(fig) prospectsbieten; offermachen; I held out little hope of seeing him againich machte mir nur wenig Hoffnung, ihn wiederzusehen

? hold out on vi +prep obj (inf) you’ve been holding out on medu verheimlichst mir doch was (inf)
? hold over vt sep
question, mattervertagen; meeting also, decisionverschieben (→ until auf +acc)
to hold something over somebody (= threaten)jdn etw nicht vergessen lassen; he held it over me as a threater bedrohte mich damit

? hold to vi +prep objfesthalten an (+dat), → bleiben bei; I hold to my belief that …ich bleibe dabei, dass …; you should hold to the assurance you gave themSie sollten Ihr Wort ihnen gegenüber einhalten
? hold together vt sepzusammenhalten vizusammenhalten
? hold under vt sep country, raceunterdrücken, knechten
? hold up vi
(tent, wall etc)stehen bleiben; (light fitting, tile etc)halten
(belief)standhalten; (theory)sich halten lassen; their support held up well in the electionihre Anhänger blieben ihnen bei der Wahl treu
vt sep
(= raise)hochheben, hochhalten; facenach oben wenden; hold up your handheb die Hand; to hold something up to the lightetw gegen das Licht halten
(= support, from above) → halten; (from the side) → stützen; (from beneath) → tragen
to hold somebody/something up to ridicule/scornjdn/etw lächerlich/verächtlich machen; to hold somebody up as an examplejdn als Beispiel hinstellen; I don’t want to hold him up as the perfect statesman/goalkeeper etc but …ich möchte ihn nicht als den perfekten Politiker/Torwart etc hinstellen, aber …
(= stop)anhalten; (= delay) peopleaufhalten; traffic, productionins Stocken bringen; talks, deliveryverzögern; my application was held up by the postal strikedurch den Poststreik hat sich meine Bewerbung verspätet
(robbers) bank, person, vehicleüberfallen

? hold with vi +prep obj (inf) I don’t hold with thatich bin gegen so was (inf)

hold

:
holdout
n (US) → Verweigerer m; Britain was the only hold on this agreementGroßbritannien war das einzige Land, das sich dieser Vereinbarung widersetzte
hold-up
n
(= delay)Verzögerung f; (of traffic)Stockung f; what’s the hold?warum dauert das so lange?; the strike caused a two-week hold in productionder Streik brachte die Produktion zwei Wochen lang ins Stocken
(= armed robbery)bewaffneter Raubüberfall; (hands up,) this is a hold!Hände hoch, das ist ein Überfall!

hold

[həʊld] (held (vb: pt, pp))
1. n
a.presa
to seize or grab hold of sth/sb → afferrare qc/qn
to catch or get (a) hold of → afferrare, attaccarsi a
to get hold of sb (fig) (contact) → mettersi in contatto con qn
where can I get hold of some red paint? → dove posso trovare della vernice rossa?
to get (a) hold of o.s. (fig) → trattenersi, controllarsi
no holds barred (fig) → senza esclusione di colpi
to have a hold over sb (fig) → avere un forte ascendente or molta influenza su qn
b. (Naut, Aer) → stiva
c. (Mountaineering) → appiglio
2. vt
a. (gen) → tenere; (contain) → contenere (fig) (audience) → mantenere viva l'attenzione di; (attention, interest) → mantenere; (belief, opinion) → avere
to hold hands → tenersi per mano
to hold a baby → tenere in braccio un bambino
the hall holds 500 people → nella sala c'è posto per 500 persone
the chair won't hold you → la sedia non sopporterà il tuo peso
to hold o.s. upright/ready → tenersi dritto/a/pronto/a
to hold one's head high → andare a testa alta
to hold sb to a promise → far mantenere una promessa a qn
to hold one's own → sapersi difendere, difendersi bene
she holds the view that ... → è del parere che...
to hold the line (Telec) → rimanere or restare in linea
this car holds the road well → questa macchina tiene bene la strada
what does the future hold? → cosa ci riserva il futuro?
b. (restrain, person) → trattenere
to hold sb prisoner → tenere prigioniero qn
there's no holding him → non lo ferma più nessuno
to hold one's breath → trattenere il respiro or il fiato
I held my breath in amazement → sono rimasto a bocca aperta per lo stupore
to hold one's tongue (fig) → tacere, star zitto/a
hold it! (fam) → alt!, fermati!
c. (position, title, passport) → avere; (shares) (Fin) → possedere, avere; (record) (Sport) → detenere; (position) (Mil) → tenere, mantenere
to hold office (Pol) → essere in carica
d. (meeting, election) → tenere, indire; (conversation) → tenere, sostenere (Rel) (service) → celebrare
e. (consider) to hold (that)ritenere (che), sostenere (che)
to hold sb in high esteem → avere molta stima di qn
to hold sth/sb dear → tenere molto a qc/qn
to hold sb responsible for sth → considerare or ritenere qn responsabile di qc
3. vi (rope, nail) → tenere; (continue) → mantenersi, durare; (be valid) → essere valido/a
to hold firm or fast → resistere bene, tenere
hold against vt + prep to hold sth against sb (fig) → volerne a qn per qc
hold back
1. vi + adv to hold back from sthtirarsi indietro da qc
to hold back from doing sth → trattenersi dal fare qc
he always holds back when he meets new people → quando incontra gente nuova è sempre poco espansivo
2. vt + adv
a. (restrain, crowd, river) → trattenere, contenere; (emotions, tears) → trattenere, frenare
to hold sb back from doing sth → impedire a qn di fare qc
b. (information, name) → nascondere, non dare, celare
he's holding something back → non sta dicendo tutta la verità
hold down vt + adv
a. (keep low, on ground) → tener giù; (keep in place) → tener fermo/a
b. (job) → conservare, mantenere
hold forth vi + advfare or tenere una concione
hold in vt + adv (stomach) → tirare or tenere in dentro
to hold o.s. in (fig) → frenarsi, trattenersi
hold off
1. vt + adv (enemy) → tenere a distanza; (attack) → sventare; (visitor) → far aspettare
2. vi + adv (rain) if the rain holds offse non si mette a piovere
hold on
1. vi + adv (endure) → resistere; (wait) → aspettare
hold on! (Telec) → resti in linea!
2. vt + advtenere a posto
hold on to vi + adv + prep (grasp) → tenersi (attaccato/a) a, tenersi (stretto/a) a; (keep) → tenere, conservare (fig) (retain, hope) → rimanere aggrappato/a a
hold out
1. vi + adv
a. (supplies) → durare
b. (stand firm) → tener duro
to hold out for more money (fam) → continuare a chiedere più soldi
to hold out (against) → resistere (a)
2. vt + adv to hold out (sth to sb)allungare (qc a qn); (one's arms, hand) → tendere (fig) (offer) → presentare, offrire; (hope) → nutrire
hold out on vi + adv + prep you've been holding out on me! (fam) → mi hai tenuto nascosto qualcosa!
hold over vt + adv (meeting) → rimandare, rinviare
hold together
1. vi + adv (group) → restare unito/a
2. vt + adv (factions) → tenere uniti/e
hold up
1. vt + adv
a. (raise) → sollevare, alzare
hold up your hand → alza la mano
to hold sth up to the light → alzare qc verso la luce
b. (support, roof) → sostenere
c. (delay, person) → trattenere; (traffic) → rallentare; (stop) → bloccare
d. (rob, bank) → assaltare; (person) → assalire
2. vi + adv (survive, last) → resistere
how are your shoes holding up? → in che stato sono le tue scarpe?
hold with vi + prep (fam) she doesn't hold with gamblingè contraria al gioco d'azzardo

hold1

(həuld) past tense, past participle held (held) verb
1. to have in one's hand(s) or between one's hands. He was holding a knife; Hold that dish with both hands; He held the little boy's hand; He held the mouse by its tail.
2. to have in a part, or between parts, of the body, or between parts of a tool etc. He held the pencil in his teeth; She was holding a pile of books in her arms; Hold the stamp with tweezers.
3. to support or keep from moving, running away, falling etc. What holds that shelf up?; He held the door closed by leaning against it; Hold your hands above your head; Hold his arms so that he can't struggle.
4. to remain in position, fixed etc when under strain. I've tied the two pieces of string together, but I'm not sure the knot will hold; Will the anchor hold in a storm?
5. to keep (a person) in some place or in one's power. The police are holding a man for questioning in connection with the murder; He was held captive.
6. to (be able to) contain. This jug holds two pints; You can't hold water in a handkerchief; This drawer holds all my shirts.
7. to cause to take place. The meeting will be held next week; We'll hold the meeting in the hall.
8. to keep (oneself), or to be, in a particular state or condition. We'll hold ourselves in readiness in case you send for us; She holds herself very erect.
9. to have or be in (a job etc). He held the position of company secretary for five years.
10. to think strongly; to believe; to consider or regard. I hold that this was the right decision; He holds me (to be) responsible for everyone's mistakes; He is held in great respect; He holds certain very odd beliefs.
11. to continue to be valid or apply. Our offer will hold until next week; These rules hold under all circumstances.
12. (with to) to force (a person) to do something he has promised to do. I intend to hold him to his promises.
13. to defend. They held the castle against the enemy.
14. not to be beaten by. The general realized that the soldiers could not hold the enemy for long.
15. to keep (a person's attention). If you can't hold your pupils' attention, you can't be a good teacher.
16. to keep someone in a certain state. Don't hold us in suspense, what was the final decision?
17. to celebrate. The festival is held on 24 June.
18. to be the owner of. He holds shares in this company.
19. (of good weather) to continue. I hope the weather holds until after the school sports.
20. (also hold the line) (of a person who is making a telephone call) to wait. Mr Brown is busy at the moment – will you hold or would you like him to call you back?
21. to continue to sing. Please hold that note for four whole beats.
22. to keep (something). They'll hold your luggage at the station until you collect it.
23. (of the future) to be going to produce. I wonder what the future holds for me?
noun
1. the act of holding. He caught/got/laid/took hold of the rope and pulled; Keep hold of that rope.
2. power; influence. He has a strange hold over that girl.
3. (in wrestling etc) a manner of holding one's opponent. The wrestler invented a new hold.
-holder
a person or thing that holds something. a pen-holder; a ticket-holder (= a person who has a ticket for something).
ˈhold-all noun
a (usually large) bag with a zip for packing clothes etc into.
get hold of
1. to manage to speak to. I've been trying to get hold of you by phone all morning.
2. to get, buy or obtain. I've been trying to get hold of a copy of that book for years.
hold back
1. to refuse to tell someone (something). The police were convinced the man was holding something back.
2. to prevent from happening, being seen etc, with an effort. The little girl succeeded in holding back her tears.
3. to prevent from making progress. I meant to finish cleaning the house but the children have held me back all morning.
hold down
to keep or be allowed to stay in (a job). He is incapable of holding down a job.
hold forth
to talk or give one's opinions, often loudly, at great length. The prime minister held forth for hours on the success of his government.
hold good
to be true or valid; to apply. Does that rule hold good in every case?
hold it
to stop or wait. Hold it! Don't start till I tell you to.
hold off
1. (of weather) to stay away. I hope the rain holds off.
2. to keep off; to fight successfully against. The soldiers managed to hold off the enemy.
hold on
1. (often with to) to keep (a grip on) (something). She held on to me to stop herself slipping; I couldn't hold on any longer, so I let go of the rope.
2. to stop or wait. Hold on – I'm not quite ready yet; The operator asked the caller to hold on while she connected him.
hold out
1. to continue to survive etc until help arrives. The rescue team hoped the men in the boat could hold out till they arrived.
2. to continue to fight against an enemy attack. The soldiers held out for eight days.
3. to be enough to last. Will our supplies hold out till the end of the month?
hold one's own
to be as successful in a fight, argument etc as one's opponent. His opponents tried to prove his arguments wrong but he managed to hold his own.
hold one's tongue
to remain silent or stop talking. There were a lot of things I wanted to say, but I thought I'd better just hold my tongue.
hold up
1. to stop or slow the progress of. I'm sorry I'm late – I got held up at the office.
2. to stop and rob. The bandits held up the stagecoach.
ˈhold-up noun
hold with
to approve of. He doesn't hold with smoking.

hold2

(həuld) noun
(in ships) the place, below the deck, where cargo is stored.

hold

يَتَسِّعُ لِ, يـُمْسِكُ ب držet, pojmout holde, kan være fassen, halten κρατώ, χωρώ contener, sujetar, tener mahtua, pidellä contenir, tenir držati, primati contenere, tenere ・・・を収容できる, 手に持つ ...을 잡고 있다, 수용하다 kan bevatten, vasthouden holde, romme mieścić, trzymać levar, segurar, tem capacidade para вместить, держать hålla, rymma จุ รับได้, ถือ almak, tutmak cầm, có sức chứa 容纳, 持有

hold

vt. aguantar, sujetar; detener, mantener; sostener; contener;
to get ___ ofagarrar;
to ___ an interviewtener una entrevista;
to ___ offmantener a distancia;
to ___ responsiblehacer responsable.

hold

vt (pret & pp held) to — one’s breath aguantar la respiración
References in classic literature ?
Meg stopped lecturing, and lighted the lamp, Amy got out of the easy chair without being asked, and Jo forgot how tired she was as she sat up to hold the slippers nearer to the blaze.
At times an almost over- whelming curiosity had taken hold of him.
But if I get all packed, and clear out, she can't find me and she can't hold me back.
He rumpled his hair with a quick, excited gesture, which with him often announces a new determination, and I could see that my suggestion took hold of him.
Membership in Avaya's developer community will help us build our business by serving customers more efficiently and effectively," said Eric Camulli, director of technology for Virtual Hold Technology.
29 -- The New York Chapter of the Appraisal Institute will hold a seminar entitled "Case Studies in Highest and Best Use" from 8:30 a.
21--The New York Building Congress will hold a breakfast forum, starting at 8:00 a.
Measures of Loan Risk Given the difficulties associated with the use of capital-to-asset ratios as measures of risk, loan risk measures were also calculated for those nonbank subsidiaries that hold a large portion of their assets in loans.
14 -- The New York Association of Realty Manager will hold its Lead Safe Work Practices course from 9:00 a.
EyeQ is a Web application that allows users to manage their contact center's Virtual Hold enterprise solution from virtually anywhere.
12--The Real Estate Lenders Association will hold its monthly breakfast meeting from 8:00 a.
March 22--The National Realty Club will hold its monthly luncheon, starting at noon.