homonym

(redirected from homonymity)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

hom·o·nym

 (hŏm′ə-nĭm′, hō′mə-)
n.
1. One of two or more words that have the same sound and often the same spelling but differ in meaning, such as bank (embankment) and bank (place where money is kept).
2.
a. A word used to designate several different things.
b. A namesake.
3. Biology A taxonomic name identical to one previously applied to a different species or other taxon and therefore unacceptable in its new use.

[Latin homōnymum, from Greek homōnumon, from neuter of homōnumos, homonymous; see homonymous.]

hom′o·nym′ic adj.

homonym

(ˈhɒmənɪm)
n
1. (Linguistics) one of a group of words pronounced or spelt in the same way but having different meanings. Compare homograph, homophone
2. a person with the same name as another
3. (Biology) biology a name for a species or genus that should be unique but has been used for two or more different organisms
[C17: from Latin homōnymum, from Greek homōnumon, from homōnumos of the same name; see homo-, -onym]
ˌhomoˈnymic, hoˈmonymous adj
ˌhomoˈnymity, hoˈmonymy n

hom•o•nym

(ˈhɒm ə nɪm)

n.
2. a word the same as another in sound and spelling but different in meaning, as chase “to pursue” and chase “to ornament metal.”
4. a namesake.
[1635–45; < Latin homōnymum < Greek homṓnymon, neuter of homṓnymos homonymous]
hom`o•nym′ic, adj.
syn: homonym, homophone, and homograph designate words that are identical to other words in spelling or pronunciation, or both, while differing from them in meaning and usu. in origin. homophones are words that sound alike, whether or not they are spelled differently. The words pear “fruit,” pare “cut off,” and pair “two of a kind” are homophones that are different in spelling; bear “carry; support” and bear “animal” are homophones that are spelled alike. homographs are words that are spelled identically but may or may not share a pronunciation. Spruce “tree” and spruce “neat” are homographs, but so are row (rō) “line” and row (rou) “fight” as well as sewer (so̅o̅′ər) “conduit for waste” and sewer (sō′ər) “person who sews.” homonyms are, in the strictest sense, both homophones and homographs, alike in spelling and pronunciation, as the two forms bear. homonym, however, is used more frequently than homophone, a technical term, when referring to words with the same pronunciation without regard to spelling. homonym is also used as a synonym of homograph. Thus, it has taken on a broader scope than either of the other two terms and is often the term of choice in a nontechnical context.

homonym

A word with the same sound (and sometimes the same spelling) as another word but with a different meaning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.homonym - two words are homonyms if they are pronounced or spelled the same way but have different meanings
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
homograph - two words are homographs if they are spelled the same way but differ in meaning (e.g. fair)
homophone - two words are homophones if they are pronounced the same way but differ in meaning or spelling or both (e.g. bare and bear)
Translations
homonymum
enslydende ord
homonim
homonima
eins-/samhljóîa
同音異義語同音語
homonimas
homonīms
homonymum
homonym
eş seslisesdeş

homonym

[ˈhɒmənɪm] Nhomónimo m

homonym

nHomonym nt

homonym

[ˈhɒmənɪm] nomonimo

homonym

(ˈhomənim) noun
a word having the same sound as another word, but a different meaning. The words `there' and `their' are homonyms.