Some of the spoligotypes found in Iran have been reportedly found elsewhere in the world; however, given the simplicity of many of the profiles from the Iran strains, homoplasy
may well account for these, usually rarer, spoligotypes.
However, we doubt that this approach would be better than whole-genome sequencing with interrogation of resultant SNPs because these markers would most likely result in topologic conflicts due to homoplasy
To avoid markers with a propensity for homoplasy
, we used only those indels with 2 allelic variants and devoid of substantial sequence repeats.
exposed high levels of homoplasy
, with a majority of the characters
jack-knifing, decay indices, homoplasy
indices, and support measures
in the Commelinaceae: a comparison of different classes of morphological characters.
Without a full revision and cladistic analysis of the family, it is unclear whether the groups as here delimited represent separate monophyletic genera, or merely clusters of similar species united by substantial homoplasy
The existence of homoplasy
does not necessarily mean that the character does not contain a phylogenetic signal.
This finding suggests a high level of homoplasy
, resulting from a high level of parallel and convergent mutations that could be the result of recombination events (15).
detected only slightly greater homoplasy
in vegetative rather than
will obscure the value of many clearly diagnostic states in phylogenetic analysis.
Phylogeny and flower evolution of the Swertiinae (Gentianaceae-Gentianeae): Homoplasy
and the principle of variable proportions.