In "Humour and Misogyny in Giovanni Della Casa's Quaestio lepidissima: an uxor sit ducendo" (77-90), Manuela Scarci examines a little known treatise (in the form of a hortative
speech) by Giovanni Della Casa, which questions the necessity and usefulness of marriage.
Infinitives serve (a) as main verbs in hortative
mood, expressing exhortatives (orders and prohibitions), often in addressing children or pets, e.
To improve the performance of the information propagation, one can yield some hortative
measures to encourage the nodes in network keeping the message for more time.
From a dramatistic perspective, however, Burke is of the opinion that emphasis shouled be laid on the hortative
negative (which expresses an urging: language is essentially hortative
, that is to say it is a medium by which people can get to some form of cooperation with each other): "Thou shalt not [do something].
The full set of speaker-oriented modality consists of imperative, prohibitive, optative, hortative
, admonitive, and permissive.
The underlying tone behind the approach of governments is largely hortative
and punitive, within a thinly veiled deficit and victim-blaming mentality.
Judith Pascoe observes that Landon is "more interested in theatrical effect than hortative
32) Also, possibly, the hortative
subjunctive of the Greek for 'I go': 'let me go
This construction only occurs in hortative
or imperative speech acts, where T is clause initial, indicating its use is conditioned by a particular speech situation.
Guan's elaboration turned the submarine metaphor into a hortative
and disciplinary discourse aimed at getting maximum productivity out of people.
The situation is similar in Latvian (example 2), where the only formal means used to encode third person imperatives, the hortative
particle lai + finite form of the verb, is employed in the interrogative sentence.
Remembering, especially in the hortative
sense of commemoration, that is something that is to be done, performed, or fulfilled, calls for stories to be told (songs to be sung, rituals to be performed, plays to be staged, images and monuments to be created).