hydrazine


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Related to hydrazine: Methyl hydrazine

hy·dra·zine

 (hī′drə-zēn′, -zĭn)
n.
A colorless, fuming, corrosive hygroscopic liquid, H2NNH2, used in jet and rocket fuels.

hydrazine

(ˈhaɪdrəˌziːn; -zɪn)
n
(Chemistry) a colourless basic liquid made from sodium hypochlorite and ammonia: a strong reducing agent, used chiefly as a rocket fuel. Formula: N2H4
[C19: from hydro- + azo- + -ine2]

hy•dra•zine

(ˈhaɪ drəˌzin)

n.
1. a colorless oily fuming liquid, N2H4, used as a reducing agent and a jet-propulsion fuel.
2. a class of substances derived from this substance by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms by an organic group.
[1885–90; hydr-2 + azine]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrazine - a colorless fuming corrosive liquid; a powerful reducing agent; used chiefly in rocket fuels
rocket fuel, rocket propellant, rocket propellent - an explosive charge that propels a rocket
reducer, reducing agent, reductant - a substance capable of bringing about the reduction of another substance as it itself is oxidized; used in photography to lessen the density of a negative or print by oxidizing some of the loose silver
Translations
hidrazin
References in periodicals archive ?
Because the new propellant provides improved performance and volumetric efficiency compared to hydrazine, more of it can be stored in propellant tanks of the same volume, resulting in a 50-percent increase in spacecraft maneuvering capability for a given volume.
The study provides a decisive view of the global hydrazine hydrate market by segmenting it in terms of end-user segments.
Therefore we decided to use for the preparation of aza-Phe, aza-Tyr, and aza-Trp precursors another known synthetic pathway, which includes direct A-alkylation of protected hydrazine with appropriate alkyl halides (Scheme 1, right side).
If verified as a valid alternative, this new propellant could be used not only in spacecraft, but also in military vehicles that operate on hydrazine, said Roger Myers, executive director of Aerojet Rocketdyne, a partner in the program.
For anyone wondering what it actually is, it's likely a 39-litre hydrazine bladder tank (based on its apparent size; there are also much larger hydrazine tanks).
The recent reports on severe hydrazine poisoning indicate that swallowing about 20-50 ml of hydrazine can prove to be fatal.
Hydrazine sulfate trials involving cancer patients were performed in Russia (then the Soviet Union) and by researchers at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center during the 1970s and 1980s.
The Pentagon feared that a satellite that size would not burn up upon re-entry, and could scatter debris - including hydrazine - in inhabited areas.
But it is carrying more than 1,000lb of hydrazine fuel and may release much of it as a toxic gas.
The satellite has thrusters, small engines used to position it in space, that contain the toxic rocket fuel hydrazine.
Only a few references are available regarding either the formation of ketazines or for the production of hydrazine hydrate through ketazine route, mainly using hydrogen peroxide including patents (Eichenhofer and Sehliebs, 1976, 1977; Schirmann et al.
The technology, proposed by engineers at Daihatsu, a unit of Toyota, in Ryuo, Japan, uses a fuel called hydrazine hydrate, instead of hydrogen.