Outpatient visits comprise those individuals with undescended testes, hydroceles
, and varicoceles.
Partial/subtotal excision and eversion of sac was done for bigger hydroceles
, which accounts for 14% of the cases; excision of epididymal cyst and encysted hydrocele
of the cord accounts for 19% of the cases; herniotomy was done in 12% of the cases; incision and drainage in 4% of the cases; evacuation of clot and eversion of sac in 2% of the cases.
Within male factor infertility, 1% had normospermia/absence of any urological abnormality,15% of males were diagnosed with mild to moderate oligospermia, 5% with severe sperm defects like oligospermia, oligo-asthenospermia, azoospermia or aspermia or teratozoospermia and 2% with untreated other urological conditions like unilateral or bilateral varicoceles, hydroceles
During the follow-up period, no recurrence, hydroceles
, metachronous hernia, or testicular atrophy were detected.
A young adult male accompanied by a family member came to the clinic for a post-op check following surgery for bilateral hydroceles
Bilateral, moderate-sized hydroceles
were found incidentally.
Four types of interventions (especially relevant to SA) are needed: competent initial surgical care for injury victims; handling of obstetric complications; timely and competent surgical management of various abdominal and extra-abdominal emergency and life-threatening conditions; and elective care of simple surgical conditions such as hernias, clubfoot, cataract, hydroceles
Inguinal hernias are also associated with hydroceles
(Smith and Kenny, 2008).
A similar scheme can be applied to the pericardium and hydroceles
, and sometimes to the peritoneum, but orientation is frequently difficult in the peritoneum and there is much less tendency to end up with a thick fibrous peritoneum than a thick pleura, pericardium, or hydrocele
Clinical examination of the scrotum was normal except for small bilateral hydroceles
In Tanzania, Ottesen, Hooper and, Biswas (2008) reported that people were aware of hydroceles
the predominant chronic sign in East Africa though not of filariasis per se, for which there was no local name.
Genital filariasis in India presents commonly as secondary vaginal hydroceles
with an associated epididymoorchitis (1).