hydrolysis


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hy·drol·y·sis

 (hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. Examples include the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose, saponification, and the formation of acids or bases from dissolved ions.

hy′dro·lyte′ (-līt′) n.
hy′dro·lyt′ic (-drə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

hydrolysis

(haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs)
n
(Chemistry) a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds

hy•drol•y•sis

(haɪˈdrɒl ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.
[1875–80]

hy·drol·y·sis

(hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
The splitting of a chemical compound into two or more new compounds by reacting with water. Hydrolysis plays a role in the breakdown of food in the body, as in the conversion of starch to glucose.

hydrolysis

The process by which a chemical compound decomposes through reaction with water.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrolysis - a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
Translations

hydrolysis

[haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs] Nhidrólisis f

hydrolysis

nHydrolyse f

hydrolysis

[haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs] nidrolisi f

hy·drol·y·sis

n. hidrólisis, disolución química de un compuesto por acción del agua.
References in periodicals archive ?
Veolia Water Technologies launches Package Exelys , a standard range of continuous thermal hydrolysis units for small to medium sludge digestion plants.
The facilities include a dewatering building, 32 sleek thermal hydrolysis vessels, four concrete 80-foot high anaerobic digesters that hold 3.
Thus, a common strategy used to obtain PVA is to first synthesize a raw material and then promote a suitable chemical modification reaction, such as an alkaline hydrolysis (saponification) or a transesterification reaction (alcoholysis) [17-19].
This is due to the large scale use of hydrolytic enzymes for the hydrolysis of carbohydrates and proteins.
However, prior to the enzymatic hydrolysis bycellulase on lignocellulosic biomass, pretreatment process is needed.
Tayyebeh Fattahi Mei-abadi, one of the researchers, explained about the advantages of this method over the usual methods, and said, "In this project, spherical cellulose nanoparticles were produced from waste cotton fibers through enzyme hydrolysis and ultrasound methods.
The MV Cape Ray, which is fitted with portable hydrolysis machinery, launched the effort after having loaded on board 600 metric tons of chemical agents at an Italian port on July 2, spokesman Colonel Steven Warren told reporters.
Although sample collection is easy, downstream challenges arise because many drugs undergo glucuronidation prior to excretion, meaning a hydrolysis step must be performed prior to HPLC or GC analysis.
He added "after the transfer is complete, the Cape Ray will depart Gioia Tauro for international waters to begin neutralization of the chemical agents using the embarked field deployable hydrolysis system.
ECBC, the Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense, its Joint Project Manager for Elimination (Provisional), and other agencies fostered interdisciplinary teamwork in arriving at a new chemical weapon disposal capability--the Field-Deployable Hydrolysis System.
Papain is derived from the tropical plant Carica Papaya and is widely used for meat tenderisation, flavour production, yeast hydrolysis and much more.
Owing to its improved hydrolysis resistance, the polyamide (PA) Ultramid A3HG6 WIT Balance is said to be particularly well suited for components that carry coolant or that come into contact with water.