Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. Examples include the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose, saponification, and the formation of acids or bases from dissolved ions.
hy′dro·lyte′ (-līt′) n.
hy′dro·lyt′ic (-drə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
(Chemistry) a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds
hy•drol•y•sis(haɪˈdrɒl ə sɪs)
n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.
The splitting of a chemical compound into two or more new compounds by reacting with water. Hydrolysis plays a role in the breakdown of food in the body, as in the conversion of starch to glucose.
The process by which a chemical compound decomposes through reaction with water.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||hydrolysis - a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water|