The certain uncommon complications like abdominal hernias, chyloperitoneum, hydrothorax
, non occlusive mesenteric ischemia, encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis and sudden death were not found in our study as their incidence increases in long term PD in elderly patients and with certain other predisposing factors.
Diagnostic values of vascular endothelial growth factor and epidermal growth factor receptor for benign and malignant hydrothorax
Pancreaticopleural fistula causing massive right hydrothorax
and respiratory failure.
Mild-to-severe forms of clinical findings such as leukocytosis, hemoconcentration, hypovolemia, edema, ascites, hydrothorax
, pericardial effusion, thromboembolic events, oligo or anuria, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and multiple organ failure can be seen due to extravasation of intravascular protein-rich fluid to the third spaces.
Primarily this relates to treatment of refractory variceal hemorrhage (1) but is also used in secondary prevention of variceal hemorrhage, and to treat refractory ascites, Budd-Chiari syndrome, hepatic hydrothorax
(2), and occasionally as a therapy for portal vein thrombosis (3).
In addition to this cerebral pathology, there was subcutaneous edema, ascites, and hydrothorax
Complications included pneumonia (3 patients), hemorrhagic signs (3), hydrothorax
(2), and neurologic syndromes (1).
9 even evaluated the effect of prenatal therapeutic interventions on perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by isolated fetal hydrothorax
with hydrops, and found pleurodesis is worth to be recommended.
The hospital admission criteria required the presence of one of the following features: ascites, hydrothorax
, hematocrit [greater than or equal to]45%, oliguria, elevated liver enzymes, dyspnoea, anasarca or acute renal failure.
Speaking about clinical implications of Refractory Ascites he mentioned dilutional hyponatremai, Hepatorenal syndrome, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic hydrothorax
, spontaneous bacterial empyema and umbilical hernia.
, pleuritis and continued non-healing wound or gall duct (Kyles, 2003).
Ultrasound examination revealed a single male fetus with anasarca, bilateral hydrothorax
, a pericardial effusion, cardiomegaly, severe ascites, polyhydramnios and decreased fetal movements.