hylomorphism


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hylomorphism

(ˌhaɪləˈmɔːfɪzəm)
n
(Philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that identifies matter with the first cause of the universe

hylomorphism

the theory derived from Aristotle that every physical object is composed of two principles, an unchanging prime matter and a form deprived of actuality with every substantial change of the object. — hylomorphist, n.hylomorphic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
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References in periodicals archive ?
To account for hylomorphism noetically is to consider objects primarily through a description of epistemic faculties.
Rea argues on neo-Aristotelian grounds: "According to the version of hylomorphism that I am developing, the natures of material objects play the role of form, and they enter into compounds with things or stuffs that play the role of matter.
This collection of nine essays reevaluates the demise of Aristotelian hylomorphism in the early modern period when the emerging scientific paradigm was shifting to a sense-as-instrument perspective.
The solution involving hylomorphism is, on this reading, only directed at the problem of composites.
If hylomorphism were a metaphysical necessity, different causal-functional requirements and directions in Nature would demand a version that serves to integrate differences rather than reductively disintegrate them.
The hylomorphism of Aristotelian natural philosophy, for example, was adopted by the medieval theologians to help them explore the nature of the sacraments and the hypostatic union.
Yet hylomorphism, he says, is coherent, and has benefits; in particular, hylomorphism, at least, yields the concept of the human being, which has been of value in ethics.
What is guiding Chretien is an embodied concept of person, very close, if not identical, to Aristotle's doctrine of hylomorphism.
Hylomorphism offers a third way between animalist approaches to personal identity, which maintain that psychology is irrelevant to our persistence, and neo-Lockean accounts, which deny that humans are animals.
Barnes, "The Paradoxes of Hylomorphism," Review of Metaphysics 56 (March 2003): 501-23.
PAUL HUMPHREY, "Metaphysics of Mind: Hylomorphism and Eternality in Aristotle and Hegel.
How one conceives of their relation admits of at least six possibilities exhibited in the history of philosophy: Hobbesian materialism, Berkleyan idealism, Platonic dualism of soul and body, Aristotelian hylomorphism, Cartesian dualism of thought and extension, and a Leibnizian-Whiteheadian view of psycho-physical co-implication.