There is also a risk for adverse reactions after the administration of adrenaline to patients with hyperthyroidism, hypertension, phaeochromocytoma, glaucoma, severe renal impairment, prostate adenoma, hypercalcaemia
, hypokalaemia, diabetes, and in elderly patients and pregnant women.
Control hyperphosphataemia and hyperparathyroidism and avoid hypercalcaemia
The incidental finding of hypercalcaemia
may not have been due to a paraneoplastic syndrome as the patient underwent excision of a parathyroid adenoma later in 2011.
By the way, changing the inactive lifestyle, medical treatments and using natural food additives are among the solutions that have been reviewed either separately or sometimes interacting with each other in order to control hypercalcaemia
and its side effects .
In addition, hypercalcaemia
, in which blood levels of calcium are abnormally high, may be treated using phosphates to restore the body's balance.
or hypokalaemia may both cause constipation by interfering with normal muscle function.
Lysine aids calcium absorption and therefore may be beneficial for those suffering from effects of calcium deficiency such as osteoporosis or osteopenia (24, 25) but may not be advisable for people with hypercalcaemia
is observed in up to 11% of patients; however, hypercalciuria is more frequent (40% of patients) and renal calculi are not uncommon (10%).
The two inherited disorders of hypercalcaemia
--familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia
(FHH) and neonatal severe hypercalcaemia
(NSHPT) identified immediately after the cloning of CaR were found to be due to inactivating mutation of the CaR gene (18,19).
This disorder involves a combination of cardiac disease, hypercalcaemia
but normal intelligence.
In addition, it is associated with hypercalcaemia
and may be part of the differential diagnosis for postoperative jaundice (4).
Two medical emergencies that occur in these patients are hypercalcaemia
secondary to the lytic bony lesions and spinal cord compression secondary to vertebral collapse.