hypercapnia


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hy·per·cap·ni·a

 (hī′pər-kăp′nē-ə)
n.
1. An abnormally high concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood, usually caused by acute respiratory failure from conditions such as asthma and obstructive pulmonary disease. It can lead to seizures and death if acute and untreated.
2. Carbon dioxide poisoning due to abnormally high concentrations of carbon dioxide in an organism's environment.

[hyper- + Greek kapnos, smoke + -ia.]

hypercapnia

(ˌhaɪpəˈkæpnɪə)
n
(Medicine) an excess of carbon dioxide in the blood. Also: hypercarbia
[from hyper- + Greek kapnos smoke]
ˌhyperˈcapnic adj

hy•per•cap•ni•a

(ˌhaɪ pərˈkæp ni ə)
n.
the presence of an excessive amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
[1905–10; hyper- + Greek kapn(ós) smoke + -ia]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hypercapnia - the physical condition of having the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
physical condition, physiological condition, physiological state - the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
asphyxia - a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas
acapnia, hypocapnia - a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
Translations

hy·per·cap·ni·a

n. hipercapnia, cantidad excesiva de dióxido de carbono en la sangre.
References in periodicals archive ?
BELBUCA(TM)-treated patients with significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or cor pulmonale, and those with substantially decreased respiratory reserve, hypoxia, hypercapnia, or preexisting respiratory depression are at increased risk of decreased respiratory drive, including apnea, even at recommended dosages of BELBUCA(TM).
It is the brainstem responses to hypercapnia that are particularly blunted by opioid drugs.
Mathematical models easily demonstrated the critical importance of minute ventilation in driving dynamic hyperinflation, and gave a potent rationale for pursuing a strategy of permissive hypercapnia in the ventilatory support of severe airflow obstruction--long before its use in ARDS.
He had experienced hypercapnia and was resuscitated via endotracheal tube ventilation.
Going forward, I would suggest that long-term NPPV will be considered in COPD patients with chronic moderate to severe hypercapnia," said Dr.
Slow breathing reduces chemoreflex response to hypoxia and hypercapnia, and increases baroreflex sensitivity.
Arterial blood gas measurement revealed hypoxemia and hypercapnia.
19] Other factors that have been associated with an increase in mortality (injury severity, BP, hypo-and hypercapnia, and hypoxaemia) [1,3-12] in this population were not reported on.
In two large trials of long-term supplemental oxygen therapy, hypercapnia was not a problem.
2011a) Changes in ocular flow induced by hypo- and hypercapnia relate to static visual acuity in humans.
On the other hand, short-term exposure to hypercapnia elicits acidosis of body fluids that remains almost uncompensated in the deep-sea crab Chionoecetus tanneri, but is fully recovered by bicarbonate accumulation in the shallow-water crab Cancer magister (Pane & Barry 2007).