hypertonic

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Related to hyperosmotic: hyposmotic

hy·per·ton·ic

 (hī′pər-tŏn′ĭk)
adj.
1. Physiology Having extreme muscular or arterial tension.
2. Chemistry Having the higher osmotic pressure of two solutions.

hy′per·to·nic′i·ty (-tə-nĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

hypertonic

(ˌhaɪpəˈtɒnɪk)
adj
1. (Pathology) (esp of muscles) being in a state of abnormally high tension
2. (Chemistry) (of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than that of a specified, generally physiological, solution. Compare hypotonic, isotonic
hypertonicity n

hy•per•ton•ic

(ˌhaɪ pərˈtɒn ɪk)

adj.
1. pertaining to or affected with hypertonia.
2. of or designating a solution of higher osmotic pressure than another (opposed to hypotonic).
[1850–55]
hy`per•to•nic′i•ty (-toʊˈnɪs ɪ ti) n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.hypertonic - (of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension; "hypertonic muscle tissue"
hypotonic - (of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
2.hypertonic - (of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
hypotonic - (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
isosmotic, isotonic - (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
Translations
hypertonický
hypertonique

hy·per·ton·ic

a. hipertónica-a, rel. a, o caracterizado por aumento de tonicidad o tensión.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is recommended to measure serum uric acid, stratify the risk, increase hydration, avoid the use of hyperosmotic contrast agents, and decrease the doses of contrast agents when HUA patients undergo coronary CT imaging or coronary angiography.
3-15) The pathogenic properties of Kayexalate have long been attributed to its hyperosmotic sorbitol diluent and not the resins themselves.
The hyperosmotic OES marketed in the North America have high concentration of glucose and are used to diarrheic calves when the daily milk intake is intentionally reduced or suspended.
Sensing salt stress stimuli: Plants can sense and exhibit an effective response against hyperosmotic and ionic components of salt stress (Munns and Tester, 2008).
16) The use of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, hyperosmotic agents and adrenergic agonists should be used with caution as these classes of medications can promote further sickling.
Although mannitol has been recommended as the first-choice hyperosmotic agent over hypertonic saline (10), recent recommendations have not found sufficient evidence to identify the optimal agent or their optimal method of administration (i.
Epididymal epithelium produces hyperosmotic epididymal fluid by concentrating with organic constituents through secretion and absorption.
Firstly, high concentration of NaCl produced hyperosmotic stress in cells that inhibited water uptake, which lead to decrease nutrition absorption and low water availability.
The prolapsed tissues of both cases were cleaned with antiseptic solution (povidone iodine), lavaged with hyperosmotic dextrose solution (20% dextrose) and gently massaged to reduce edema.
A patient of diabetes mellitus may present with a range of symptoms characterized by polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss and blurring of vision to more serious conditions like stupor, coma and even death caused by ketoacidosis or non-ketotic hyperosmotic states.
The expression and actions of Fmo1 may be influenced by hyperosmotic settings in the kidney of rats (32) Fmo1is also highly expressed in metabolic tissues, including liver, kidney, white and brown adipose tissue and has an active role in mammalian endogenous metabolism (33).

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