diabetes mellitus(redirected from Hypoinsulinism)
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diabetes mel·li·tus(mə-lī′təs, mĕl′ĭ-)
[New Latin diabētēs mellītus, literally, honey-sweet diabetes (so called because excessive glucose is excreted in the urine and the resulting sweet taste of the urine was used in diagnosis) : Medieval Latin diabētēs, diabetes; see diabetes + Latin mellītus, honey-sweet (Latin mel, mell-, honey; see melit- in Indo-European roots + -ītus, adjectival suffix).]
[C18: New Latin, literally: honey-sweet diabetes]
diabe′tes mel′li•tus(ˈmɛl ɪ təs)
either of two chronic forms of diabetes in which insulin does not effectively transport glucose from the bloodstream: a rapidly developing form, affecting children and young adults, in which the body does not produce enough insulin and insulin must therefore be injected (juvenile-onset diabetes) or a slowly developing form in which the body's tissues become unable to use insulin effectively (adult-onset diabetes).
[< New Latin: literally, sweet diabetes]
A condition characterized by frequent thirst and urination, caused by excess sugar in the blood. Results from a lack of insulin.
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|Noun||1.||diabetes mellitus - diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria; "when doctors say `diabetes' they usually mean `diabetes mellitus'"|
diabetes - a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood; any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
autoimmune diabetes, growth-onset diabetes, IDDM, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, juvenile diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, type I diabetes - severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
adult-onset diabetes, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, ketosis-resistant diabetes, ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, mature-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, NIDDM, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, type II diabetes - mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin