Thanyaporn and Anirach (2012, 2014) studied and proposed the hierarchy weight of subsumption (hypernym/ hyponym
or meronym/holonym hierarchy) in Computer Science ontology using Wu and Palmer measure .
displayed a particularly large coincidence between the collocate clusters of the hyperonym and those of its own.
In the endocentric group the compound is the hyponym
of the head element, for example apple tree is a kind of tree.
This fits the conceptual metaphors very well: ANGER (and its hyponym
indignation, as in (d)) AND EXCITEMENT ARE HEAT, AFFECTION (hearty greeting) IS WARMTH.
If the meaning of the word in question is a hyponym
of a corresponding hyperonym, the latter necessarily functions as an identification or a classification seme of the former.
In a study of discourses of globalization (what she refers to as 'glibspeak'), Hasan has argued that a hyponym
can be a useful device for withholding information.
Lesbian" is a hyponym
, or kind of homosexual, as is "gay.
Extraction Employing a Weighted Graph Kernel
3) In addition to synonymy, antonym, hypernym, hyponym
, meronym, holonym of nouns, and synonymy, antonym, hypernym, troponym, entailment of verbs, correlation between words is a useful reference in query expansion.
red", "green" and "blue" are hyponyms
of the word "color") - Cognition has an ontology and taxonomy for English such that almost all of the hypernym and hyponym
relationships are mapped out (leads to better recall).
MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is said a hyponym
of [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (that, in its turn, is said a hypernym of [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) at the severity level u if: (i) candidate([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], u) = true; (ii) nbh([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], O) is more specific than nbh([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 0) (see Section 3.
To obtain a more relevant and domain specific query, the user's query is enriched using concepts and relations of the domain ontology and WordNet (to find the synonym, hyperonym, hyponym
of query's keywords).