hyponym


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Related to hyponym: hypernym, holonym, meronym

hy·po·nym

 (hī′pə-nĭm′)
n.
A word whose meaning is included in the meaning of another more general word; for example, bus is a hyponym of vehicle.


hy′po·nym′ic, hy·pon′y·mous adj.

hyponym

(ˈhaɪpəʊnɪm)
n
(Linguistics) a word whose meaning is included in that of another word: 'scarlet', 'vermilion', and 'crimson' are hyponyms of 'red'. Compare superordinate3, synonym, antonym
[C20: from hypo- + Greek onoma name]
hyponymy n

hy•po•nym

(ˈhaɪ pə nɪm)

n.
a word that denotes a subcategory of a more general class: Chair and table are hyponyms of furniture. Compare superordinate (def. 3).
[1960–65; hyp- + -onym]
hy•pon′y•mous (-ˈpɒn ə məs) adj.
hy•pon′y•my, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hyponym - a word that is more specific than a given word
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
Translations
hyponymum
HyponymUnterbegriff
alakäsitehyponyymi
hiponim
undirheiti
下位語
hipónimo
podpomenka
hyponym

hyponym

[ˈhaɪpənɪm] Nhipónimo m
References in periodicals archive ?
Thanyaporn and Anirach (2012, 2014) studied and proposed the hierarchy weight of subsumption (hypernym/ hyponym or meronym/holonym hierarchy) in Computer Science ontology using Wu and Palmer measure [14].
No hyponym displayed a particularly large coincidence between the collocate clusters of the hyperonym and those of its own.
In the endocentric group the compound is the hyponym of the head element, for example apple tree is a kind of tree.
This fits the conceptual metaphors very well: ANGER (and its hyponym indignation, as in (d)) AND EXCITEMENT ARE HEAT, AFFECTION (hearty greeting) IS WARMTH.
If the meaning of the word in question is a hyponym of a corresponding hyperonym, the latter necessarily functions as an identification or a classification seme of the former.
In a study of discourses of globalization (what she refers to as 'glibspeak'), Hasan has argued that a hyponym can be a useful device for withholding information.
Lesbian" is a hyponym, or kind of homosexual, as is "gay.
3) In addition to synonymy, antonym, hypernym, hyponym, meronym, holonym of nouns, and synonymy, antonym, hypernym, troponym, entailment of verbs, correlation between words is a useful reference in query expansion.
red", "green" and "blue" are hyponyms of the word "color") - Cognition has an ontology and taxonomy for English such that almost all of the hypernym and hyponym relationships are mapped out (leads to better recall).
MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is said a hyponym of [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (that, in its turn, is said a hypernym of [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) at the severity level u if: (i) candidate([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], u) = true; (ii) nbh([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], O) is more specific than nbh([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 0) (see Section 3.
To obtain a more relevant and domain specific query, the user's query is enriched using concepts and relations of the domain ontology and WordNet (to find the synonym, hyperonym, hyponym of query's keywords).