Findings are based on 267 patients with metastatic or recurrent cancer of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx
, or larynx who had not responded to prior platinum-based chemotherapy, and who had low or negative expression of the PD-L1 protein.
Regarding the site distribution in the conventional treatment group, 15 (50%) oral cavity, 8 (30%) oropharynx and 6 (20%) had hypopharynx
It addresses general principles like recent advances, modes of therapy, patient care, and practical aspects of external beam therapy, endocavitary beam therapy, intraoperative radiation, and brachytherapy, then site-specific indications and techniques for the oral cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx
, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, thyroid, skin, neck node metastasis from an unknown primary, and locoregional recurrence.
found video laryngeal telescopic guidance as an efficient and safe means of removing fish bones from difficult areas in oropharynx and hypopharynx
To test that theory, we conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the expression of VEGF and COX-2 markers in archived specimens of SCC of the larynx and hypopharynx
to correlate their expression with tumor size.
63%) cases were from hypopharynx
and esophagus, twenty-four (3.
Royal jelly is a honeybee nutriment secreted from the glands in the hypopharynx
of worker bees essential in the development of queen bees.
Hamartoma of oropharynx and hypopharynx
are pedunculated as in our case.
4,5) When an appropriate history is obtained, the diagnostic workup usually starts with conventional radiographs, particularly if the object is radiodense or suspected to be in the hypopharynx
History of irradiation was present in eight cases and 10 cases were recurrences, mainly in glottis, nasopharynx, hypopharynx
, and oral cavity.
USPRwire, Fri Mar 04 2016] Head and neck cancers (HNCs) are a heterogeneous group, consisting of cancers of the mouth, including the lip, tongue, gum, floor of mouth, palate, and other parts of mouth; the salivary glands; the pharynx, including the tonsil, oropharynx, nasopharynx, pyriform fossa, hypopharynx
, other mouth/pharynx; the nose, sinuses, and related structures; the larynx; and the thyroid.
Specific surgical sites are also discussed, including approaches to malignancies of the oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx
, parapharyngeal space, thyroid, neck, and skull base.