The exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) a history of abdominal surgery; (2) a preoperative diagnosis of distant metastasis; (3) the cancer was not a primary tumor; (4) generally severe medical conditions of the patient including severe anemia, hypoproteinemia
, or liver and kidney dysfunction; (5) emergency surgery; (6) the patient underwent prophylactic ileostomy; and (7) the patient received neoadjuvant therapy before surgery.
Antemortem blood test results showed a mildly elevated hematocrit (56%; reference interval, 40%-55%), hypoproteinemia
Protein and albumin levels were only reported in ten analyses (59%), of which six dogs showed hypoproteinemia
Other causes of hypoproteinemia
were anorexia, dehydration and diarrhea in IBDV infected birds.
A generalized capillary leak and acute shift of protein-rich fluid from the intravascular compartment into the third space may lead to hypoproteinemia
, oliguria, acute renal failure and increased blood viscosity with changes in coagulation parameters resulting in severe morbidity and possible mortality due to thromboembolic events (4).
Decreased levels of TIBC may indicate anemia of chronic disease such as hemolytic anemia, hemochromatosis, chronic liver disease, hypoproteinemia
, malnutrition, pernicious anemia, and sickle cell anemia .
GA measurements also have been shown to be affected by hyperuricemia, uremia, high doses of aspirin, hypoproteinemia
, age, albuminuria, cirrhosis, thyroid dysfunction, and smoking.
Preoperative blood sampling revealed mild anemia, mild leucopenia and hypoproteinemia
dagger]) Dengue hemorrhagic fever is characterized by all of the following: fever lasting 2-7 days, evidence of hemorrhagic manifestation or a positive tourniquet test, thrombocytopenia (platelets [less than or equal to] 100,000/[micro]L), and evidence of plasma leakage indicated by hemoconcentration (an increase in hematocrit [greater than or equal to] 20% above average for age or a decrease in hematocrit [greater than or equal to] 20% of baseline after fluid replacement therapy), or pleural effusion, or ascites or hypoproteinemia
For all 5 patients for whom an initial laboratory examination was available, increased liver enzymes (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase) and thrombocytopenia were found; 2 patients had hypoproteinemia
extends the inflammatory phase and impairs fibroplasia, proliferation, proteoglycan and collagen synthesis.
Transudates may be caused by congestive heart failure, hepatic cirrhosis, or hypoproteinemia