hysteron proteron


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hys·ter·on prot·er·on

 (hĭs′tə-rŏn′ prŏt′ə-rŏn′)
n.
1. A figure of speech in which the natural or rational order of its terms is reversed, as in bred and born instead of born and bred.
2. The logical fallacy of assuming as true and using as a premise a proposition that is yet to be proved.

[Late Latin, from Greek husteron proteron, latter first : husteron, neuter sing. of husteros, latter, later; see ud- in Indo-European roots + proteron, neuter sing. of proteros, former; see per in Indo-European roots.]

hysteron proteron

(ˈhɪstəˌrɒn ˈprɒtəˌrɒn)
n
1. (Logic) logic a fallacious argument in which the proposition to be proved is assumed as a premise
2. (Rhetoric) rhetoric a figure of speech in which the normal order of two sentences, clauses, etc, is reversed, as in bred and born (for born and bred)
[C16: from Late Latin, from Greek husteron proteron the latter (placed as) former]

hys•ter•on prot•er•on

(ˈhɪs təˌrɒn ˈprɒt əˌrɒn)
n.
a figure of speech in which the logical order of two elements in discourse is reversed, as in “bred and born” for “born and bred.”
[1555–65; < Late Latin < Greek hýsteron (neuter of hýsteros) latter + próteron (neuter of próteros) former]

hysteron proteron

a figure of speech in which what logically should come last comes flrst, as “bred and bom” and “thunder and lightning.” Also called hysterology.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices

hysteron proteron

A rhetorical device in which the natural order of words is inverted.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hysteron proteron - reversal of normal order of two words or sentences etc. (as in `bred and born')
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)
2.hysteron proteron - the logical fallacy of using as a true premise a proposition that is yet to be proved
logical fallacy - a fallacy in logical argumentation
References in periodicals archive ?
mea culpa e miserere" is technically a hysteron proteron, as it is
I write hysteron proteron on the board, explain it means "last, first" in Greek, and we practice using hysteron proteron for a few minutes in everyday conversation.
59) Joel Altman illustrates this kind of knowledge with Iago's skilled exploitation of the hysteron proteron, a figure related to the circumstantial evidence of the law courts, but capable of operating somewhat sophistically: "it starts with a presumption passionately grounded in some relational notion of identity .
In hysteron proteron the logical order or sequence of objects or events is reversed.
For me this is simply a case of hysteron proteron, a well-known poetic device, with the imperfect employed in its normal way to indicate a one-time occurrence in the non-immediate past with no associated reference to its duration.
This deliberate hysteron proteron arrangement emphasizes the strong link between Odes 3.