idealism

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i·de·al·ism

 (ī-dē′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The act or practice of envisioning things in an ideal and often impractical form.
2. Pursuit of one's ideals, often without regard to practical ends.
3. Idealized treatment of a subject in literature or art.
4. Philosophy The theory that the object of external perception, in itself or as perceived, consists of ideas.

idealism

(aɪˈdɪəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. belief in or pursuance of ideals
2. the tendency to represent things in their ideal forms, rather than as they are
3. (Philosophy) any of a group of philosophical doctrines that share the monistic view that material objects and the external world do not exist in reality independently of the human mind but are variously creations of the mind or constructs of ideas. Compare materialism2, dualism2
iˈdealist n
iˌdealˈistic adj
iˌdealˈistically adv

i•de•al•ism

(aɪˈdi əˌlɪz əm)

n.
1. the cherishing or pursuit of high or noble principles, purposes, or goals.
2. the practice of idealizing.
3. something idealized; an ideal representation.
4. treatment of subject matter, as in art, in which a mental conception of beauty or form is stressed.
5. any philosophical system or theory that maintains that the real is of the nature of thought or that the object of external perception consists of ideas.
[1790–1800]

idealism

any system or theory that maintains that the real is of the nature of thought or that the object of external perception consists of ideas. Cf. realism.idealist, n.idealistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy

Idealism

 

bullish Optimistic, hopeful, confident. In the world of finance, a “bull” is an investor who speculates in stocks or commodities in anticipation of a profit to be realized when the market prices increase. Thus, the “bull” believes that the general business climate is or will soon be favorable. Bullish is used in other, non-monetary contexts as well.

A related term, bearish, also derived from stock market jargon, describes a pessimistic outlook. Since a “bear” believes financial conditions are worsening, he may try to sell short, hoping to repurchase the stocks or securities at a lower price at some future date. Since both “bulls” and “bears” often buy the rights to trade stocks on margin, i.e., at a percentage of their true market value, the “bear” may, in effect, sell what he has not yet purchased. It has therefore been conjectured that the origin of bear may lie in the proverb to sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear. As early as 1721, Nathan Bailey’s Universal Etymological English Dictionary included the following: “to sell a bear: to sell what one hath not.”

hitch one’s wagon to a star To aim high, to have high ideals, to be idealistic. Ralph Waldo Emerson apparently coined this metaphor which appeared in his Society and Solitude (1870):

Now that is the wisdom of a man
… to hitch his wagon to a star.

look through rose-colored glasses To be cheerfully optimistic; to see things in a bright, rosy, favorable light. The color of a rose has long connoted optimism, cheerfulness, and promise.

Oxford was a sort of Utopia to the Captain…. He continued … to behold towers, and quadrangles, and chapels, … through rose-coloured spectacles. (Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford, 1861)

Implicit in this expression is the suggestion that a rosy view is unwarranted, perhaps even detrimental.

Pollyanna An incurable optimist. This expression comes from Eleanor Porter’s book Pollyanna, in which the title character was a cheery little girl whose blitheness and buoyancy raised the spirits of all whom she met. In contemporary usage, however, this term is often applied disparagingly to one who exists in a fool’s paradise.

idealism

The notion that the objects of reality do not have independent existence but are constructs of the mind, or made up of ideas.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.idealism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
2.idealism - impracticality by virtue of thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are
impracticality - concerned with theoretical possibilities rather than actual use
romanticism - impractical romantic ideals and attitudes
knight errantry, quixotism - quixotic (romantic and impractical) behavior
3.idealism - elevated ideals or conduct; the quality of believing that ideals should be pursued
magnanimousness, nobleness, grandeur, nobility - the quality of elevation of mind and exaltation of character or ideals or conduct

idealism

noun romanticism, Utopianism, quixotism She never lost her respect for the idealism of the 1960s.
Quotations
"Idealism is the noble toga that political gentlemen drape over their will to power" [Aldous Huxley]
Translations
مِثالِيَّه
idealismus
idealisme
idealizmus
hugsjónastefna; hughyggja
idealizmus

idealism

[aɪˈdɪəlɪzəm] Nidealismo m

idealism

[aɪˈdɪəlɪzəm] nidéalisme m

idealism

nIdealismus m

idealism

[aɪˈdɪəˌlɪzm] nidealismo

ideal

(aiˈdiəl) adjective
perfect. This tool is ideal for the job I have in mind.
noun
1. a person, thing etc that is looked on as being perfect. She was clever and beautiful – in fact she was his ideal of what a wife should be.
2. a person's standard of behaviour etc. a man of high ideals.
iˈdealist noun
a person having (too) high ideals of behaviour etc.
iˈdealism noun
ˌideaˈlistic (aidiə-) adjective
iˈdealize, iˈdealise verb
to regard as perfect. Children tend to idealize their parents.
iˌdealiˈzation, iˌdealiˈsation noun
iˈdeally adverb
1. perfectly. He is ideally suited to this job.
2. under perfect conditions. Ideally, we should check this again, but we haven't enough time.
References in classic literature ?
There are many reasons to believe that for the practical idealists of the future, the supreme study will be the force that makes such miracles possible.
Let the idealists, the dreamers about earthly angel and human flowers, just look here while I open my portfolio and show them a sketch or two, pencilled after nature.
It would have been a splendid object lesson, she thought, to all those idealists who seek mass perfection in any phase of human endeavor, since here they might discover the truth that absolute perfection is as little to be desired as is its antithesis.
His practical experience helps to explain as well why, unlike most great poets, he does not belong primarily with the idealists.
Thus we kept on like true idealists, rejecting the evidence of our senses, until at a turn in the road we heard the crackling and actually felt the heat of the fire from over the wall, and realized, alas
Aristotle's failure does not lie in this, that he is both idealist and realist, but that he keeps these two tendencies too far apart.
It seems strange even to myself, when I have described a man who was cruel, selfish, brutal and sensual, to say that he was a great idealist.
If one classed him at all it would be as the countryman of Hegel and Kant, as the idealist, inclined to be dreamy, whose Imperialism was the Imperialism of the air.
The Muirhead Library of Philosophy was designed as a contribution to the History of Modern Philosophy under the heads: first of Different Schools of Thought--Sensationalist, Realist, Idealist, Intuitivist; secondly of different Subjects--Psychology, Ethics, Aesthetics, Political Philosophy, Theology.
A strange combination this of the worker, the idealist, the man of affairs.
Between the drunkenness of the peasant incapable of action and the dream-intoxication of the idealist incapable of perceiving the reason of things, and the true character of men.
About Idealist Idealist connects Idealists-people who want to do good-with opportunities for action all over the world.