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1. People claiming to be unusually enlightened with regard to a subject.
2. Illuminati Any of various groups claiming special religious or philosophical enlightenment.

[Latin illūminātī, from pl. of illūminātus, past participle of illūmināre, to light up; see illuminate.]


pl n, sing -to (-təʊ)
(Philosophy) a group of persons claiming exceptional enlightenment on some subject, esp religion
[C16: from Latin, literally: the enlightened ones, from illūmināre to illuminate]


pl n, sing -to (-təʊ)
1. (Philosophy) any of several groups of illuminati, esp in 18th-century France
2. (Roman Catholic Church) a group of religious enthusiasts of 16th-century Spain who were persecuted by the Inquisition
3. (Christian Churches, other) a masonic sect founded in Bavaria in 1778 claiming that the illuminating grace of Christ resided in it alone
4. (Christian Churches, other) a rare name for the Rosicrucians


(ɪˌlu məˈnɑ ti, -ˈneɪ taɪ), sing. -to (-toʊ)
1. persons claiming to possess superior enlightenment.
2. (cap.) any of various religious sects claiming special enlightenment.
[1590–1600; < Latin illūminātī, pl. of illūminātus enlightened; see illuminate]
References in periodicals archive ?
2011), the author of the World Core Curriculum and for four decades a top illuminist at the UN, declared that the UN would lead to "the apotheosis of human life on earth.
Some authors (Lyon, 1999) consider that postmodernism's characteristics of the cultural and intellectual life are the following: giving up the theory according to which science is built on a solid basis of noticeable facts as well as questioning the illuminist ideas; eliminating all hierarchies regarding knowledge, opinions and preferences; orienting towards local aspects rather than general, universal ones; replacing written, printed text with images offered by the TV screen or monitor, in other words, passing from logocentrism to iconocentrism.
Theater in Portugal--as a national concept--came about during the second half of the seventeenth century, when the illuminist aesthetic is implemented through institutions like Arcadia Lusitana and the Academy of Sciences in Lisbon.
1993, "Mujeres al borde de la perfection: Rosa de Santa Maria y las alumbradas de Lima [Women at the edge of perfection: Rosa de Santa Maria and the illuminist women of Lima]," Hispanic American Historical Review 73(4), pp.
These efforts, despite sharply reflecting illuminist thinking that industrialization was beneficial to the economic and social development of a country, were not in the interest of the upper classes with their landed estates, especially in the peak days of coffee production in the second half of the nineteenth century.
The illuminist is one who attaches himself to the sign, the experience, without regard for the invisible substance of a contact which transcends experience.
In this sense, while being hugely indebted to the lay thought emanating from Illuminist France, we Europeans are at the moment missing a major lesson to be derived from Illuminism: wisdom means humility, and vice versa.
But for all his comprehensiveness, Wilde concludes, 'Chuang Tsu was something more than a metaphysician and an illuminist [that is, a mystic].
And for Coppe as antinomian illuminist, see Nigel Smith, Perfection Proclaimed: Language and Literature in English Radical Religion 1640-1660 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), esp.
is not a Christian but an Illuminist, worshiping obelisks and hanging out with Masons.
The last in the long tradition of French "Universelles," with their common eighteenth-century Illuminist legacy, the exposition Greber planned was the first to open its doors widely to the most radical modern arts.