Meade saw the modern workforce heading back into "a super-world of an immiserized
proletariat of butlers, footmen, kitchen maids, and other hangers-on," altogether, "a hideous outlook.
Realizing, in the wake of the rising tide of anti-Semitism in the 1910s, that her career possibilities were limited, she and her then-lover, Pavel Orlanev, took their play, The Chosen People, first to London and then to New York, where its portrayal of the immiserized
conditions of Jewish life in Russia earned it audiences among Jewish immigrants and sympathetic gentiles alike.
But then, the naysayers, among them the socialists in the currently ruling Congress Party, have rejected the "miracle" produced by the reforms by asserting darkly that the growth "lacks a human face", that it is not "inclusive", that the gains have accrued to the rich while the poor have been immiserized
, that inequality has increased, and that India stands condemned before the world.
The argument is not the old fallacy that free trade with poor countries is bad for your aggregate income, that your country will be immiserized
by such trade.
In other words, the fear is that our proletariat, the unskilled, will be immiserized
by freer trade with the poor countries of the South.