immunity


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Related to immunity: immunology, immune system, innate immunity, natural immunity, acquired immunity

im·mu·ni·ty

 (ĭ-myo͞o′nĭ-tē)
n. pl. im·mu·ni·ties
1. The quality or condition of being immune: "His above-average size during adolescence did not purchase immunity from the depredations of school bullies" (Stephen S. Hall).
2. Immunology Inherited, acquired, or induced resistance to infection by a specific pathogen.
3. Law
a. Exemption from certain generally applicable requirements of law or from certain liabilities, granted to special groups of people to facilitate the performance of their public functions: diplomatic immunity; judicial immunity.
b. Exemption from prosecution granted to a witness to compel him or her to give potentially self-incriminating testimony that otherwise could not be compelled because of the constitutional right against self-incrimination.
c. Exemption from being sued: sovereign immunity; charitable immunity.

immunity

(ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. (Biology) the ability of an organism to resist disease, either through the activities of specialized blood cells or antibodies produced by them in response to natural exposure or inoculation (active immunity) or by the injection of antiserum or the transfer of antibodies from a mother to her baby via the placenta or breast milk (passive immunity). See also acquired immunity, natural immunity
2. freedom from obligation or duty, esp exemption from tax, duty, legal liability, etc
3. any special privilege granting immunity
4. (Law) the exemption of ecclesiastical persons or property from various civil obligations or liabilities

im•mu•ni•ty

(ɪˈmyu nɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties.
1. the state of being immune from a particular disease or the like.
2. the condition that permits either natural or acquired resistance to disease.
3. the ability of a cell to react immunologically in the presence of an antigen.
4. exemption from any natural or usual liability.
5. exemption from obligation, service, duty, liability, or prosecution.
syn: See exemption.

im·mu·ni·ty

(ĭ-myo͞o′nĭ-tē)
Resistance of the body to infection by a disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or virus. Immunity is usually provided by the body's own immune system, which is determined by the action of one's genes. It may also be brought about by having had a disease or infection in the past and recovering from it. Immunity can also be induced artificially, especially by vaccination.

immunity

1. Resistance to disease.
2. The body’s effective resistance against a diseasecausing organism. Immunity can be innate or acquired by producing antibodies. See antibodies, antigens.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.immunity - the state of not being susceptibleimmunity - the state of not being susceptible; "unsusceptibility to rust"
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
exemption, freedom - immunity from an obligation or duty
2.immunity - (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
immunogenicity - the property of eliciting an immune response
acquired immunity - immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination
innate immunity, natural immunity - immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
3.immunity - the quality of being unaffected by something; "immunity to criticism"
invulnerability - the property of being invulnerable; the property of being incapable of being hurt (physically or emotionally)
4.immunity - an act exempting someone; "he was granted immunity from prosecution"
waiver, discharge, release - a formal written statement of relinquishment
fix - an exemption granted after influence (e.g., money) is brought to bear; "collusion resulted in tax fixes for gamblers"
official immunity - personal immunity accorded to a public official from liability to anyone injured by actions that are the consequence of exerting official authority
sovereign immunity - an exemption that precludes bringing a suit against the sovereign government without the government's consent; "the doctrine of sovereign immunity originated with the maxim that the king can do no wrong"
testimonial immunity, use immunity - an exemption that displaces the privilege against self-incrimination; neither compelled testimony or any fruits of it can be used against the witness who therefore can no longer fear self-incrimination

immunity

noun
1. exemption, amnesty, indemnity, release, freedom, liberty, privilege, prerogative, invulnerability, exoneration The police are offering immunity to witnesses who can help them.
2. (with to) resistance to, protection from, resilience to, inoculation against, immunization from immunity to airborne bacteria
resistance to exposure to, susceptibility to, liability to, vulnerability to, openness to, proneness to

immunity

noun
Translations
مناعَه، حَصانَه
imunitaodolnost
immunitetmodstandsdygtighed
immunitásmentesség
ónæmi
imunita

immunity

[ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ] N (Med, fig) → inmunidad f; (from tax, regulations) → exención f (from de) diplomatic immunityinmunidad f diplomática
parliamentary immunityinmunidad f parlamentaria

immunity

[ɪˈmjuːnɪti] n
(to disease)immunité f
immunity to sth → immunité contre qch
(from prosecution)immunité f
to grant sb immunity from prosecution → accorder l'immunité à qn (pour ses délits ou crimes) diplomatic immunity

immunity

n
(Med) → Immunität f(to, against gegen)
(fig)Sicherheit f (→ from vor +dat); (diplomatic) → Immunität f; (to temptation etc) → Geschütztheit f, → Gefeitheit f(to gegen); (= imperviousness to criticism etc)Unempfindlichkeit f, → Immunität f(to gegen); immunity from prosecutionSchutz mvor Strafverfolgung

immunity

[ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ] n (also) (fig) → immunità
diplomatic immunity → immunità diplomatica

immune

(iˈmjuːn) adjective
(with to or from) protected against, or naturally resistant to, eg a disease. immune to measles; immune from danger.
imˈmunity noun
ˈimmunize, ˈimmunise (ˈimju-) verb
to make immune to a disease, especially by an injection of a weak form of the disease.
ˌimmuniˈzation, ˌimmuniˈsation noun

im·mu·ni·ty

n. inmunidad.
1. condición del organismo de resistir a un determinado antígeno por activación de anticuerpos específicos;
2. resistencia creada por el organismo en contra de una enfermedad específica;
acquired ______ adquirida;
active ______ activa;
adoptive ______ adoptiva;
antiviral ______ antivírica;
artificial ______ artificial;
bacteriophage ______ bateriófaga;
concomitant ______ concomitante;
general ___general ___;
group ______ de grupo;
inborn ______ nata;
innate ______ innata;
maternal ______ materna;
natural ______ natural;
passive ______ pasiva.

immunity

n inmunidad f; immunity to..inmunidad a or contra; herd — inmunidad colectiva or de grupo
References in classic literature ?
It might be difficult -- and it was so -- to conceive how he should exist hereafter, so earthly and sensuous did he seem; but surely his existence here, admitting that it was to terminate with his last breath, had been not unkindly given; with no higher moral responsibilities than the beasts of the field, but with a larger scope of enjoyment than theirs, and with all their blessed immunity from the dreariness and duskiness of age.
Presently she stepped into the kitchen, and Sid, happy in his immunity, reached for the sugar-bowl -- a sort of glorying over Tom which was wellnigh un- bearable.
I have never believed it possible that any natural or improved ability can claim immunity from the companionship of the steady, plain, hard-working qualities, and hope to gain its end.
Hence, in every family of position and consideration, "back motion" is as prevalent as time itself; and the husbands and sons in these households enjoy immunity at least from invisible attacks.
It had been ten years since the Russian had escaped the fate of his friend, the arch-fiend Rokoff, and not once, but many times during those ten years had Paulvitch cursed the fate that had given to Nicholas Rokoff death and immunity from suffering while it had meted to him the hideous terrors of an existence infinitely worse than the death that persistently refused to claim him.
They were at a loss to know whether he had been scalped in battle, or enjoyed a natural immunity from that belligerent infliction.
He felt, himself, that he was an antidote to oppressive secrets; what he offered her was, in fact, above all things a vast, sunny immunity from the need of having any.
that the little island in the silver seas was at the end of its immunity, that nowhere in the world any more was there a place left where a Smallways might lift his head proudly and vote for war and a spirited foreign policy, and go secure from such horrible things.
Explain, red man, to the woman the truths that I have explained to you, that she may meet the arrows with a stronger counter-suggestion of immunity.
There is a certain unwritten law of the arena that vouchsafes freedom and immunity to the victor, be he beast or human being--both of whom, by the way, are all the same to the Mahar.
Tarzan had reached the doorway over the corpses of all that had stood to dispute his way, before Werper guessed at the reason for his immunity.
Fortune favored her that night, for she passed unscathed through as savage and lion-ridden an area as there is in all Africa--a natural hunting ground which the white man has not yet discovered, where deer and antelope and zebra, giraffe and elephant, buffalo, rhinoceros, and the other herbivorous animals of central Africa abound unmolested by none but their natural enemies, the great cats which, lured here by easy prey and immunity from the rifles of big-game hunters, swarm the district.