impact


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im·pact

 (ĭm′păkt′)
n.
1.
a. The striking of one body against another; collision. See Synonyms at collision.
b. The force transmitted by a collision.
2. The effect or impression of one person or thing on another: still gauging the impact of automation on the lives of factory workers.
v. (ĭm-păkt′, ĭm′păkt′) im·pact·ed, im·pact·ing, im·pacts
v.tr.
1. To pack firmly together.
2. To strike forcefully: meteorites impacting the lunar surface.
3. Usage Problem To have an effect or impact on: "No region ... has been more impacted by emerging ... economic trends" (Joel Kotkin).
v.intr. Usage Problem
To have an effect or impact.

[From Latin impāctus, past participle of impingere, to push against; see impinge.]

im·pac′tion n.
Usage Note: Impact came under criticism in the 1960s for its use both as a noun and verb, at least in the figurative use describing a dramatic influence or effect. The noun was criticized as a pointless hyperbole and as a vogue word. But complaints about the noun were not long-lived, and this usage has firmly established itself as standard. In our 2001 survey, 93 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the noun in the sentence The program might have a positive moral impact on inner-city youth. But the verb is a different matter and ranks among the most detested of English usages. Many people assume that popular distaste for the verb results from its conversion from the noun, in the manner of voguish and bureaucratic words like leverage and interface. But in fact impact was a verb long before it was a noun (the verb dates from the early 1600s; the noun from the late 1700s). Nor can the animosity to the figurative use of the verb stem from its novelty in the 1960s, since this use dates from the 1930s, allowing plenty of time for people to grow accustomed to it. Whatever the reason, a large majority of the Usage Panel has disapproved of the use of the verb meaning "to have an effect" since the early 1980s. Even in our 2001 survey, 85 percent of the Panel rejected the intransitive use in the sentence These policies are impacting on our ability to achieve success, and 80 percent rejected the transitive use in the sentence The court ruling will impact the education of minority students. Even the literal use of the verb was found unacceptable by a majority of the Panel (66 percent) in 2001 in the sentence Thousands of meteors have impacted the lunar surface. See Usage Note at contact.

impact

n
1. the act of one body, object, etc, striking another; collision
2. the force with which one thing hits another or with which two objects collide
3. the impression made by an idea, cultural movement, social group, etc: the impact of the Renaissance on Medieval Europe.
vb
4. to drive or press (an object) firmly into (another object, thing, etc) or (of two objects) to be driven or pressed firmly together
5. to have an impact or strong effect (on)
[C18: from Latin impactus pushed against, fastened on, from impingere to thrust at, from pangere to drive in]
imˈpaction n

im•pact

(n. ˈɪm pækt; v. ɪmˈpækt)
n.
1. the striking of one thing against another; collision.
2. influence; effect: the impact of Einstein on modern physics.
3. a forcible impinging: the tremendous impact of the shot.
4. the force exerted by a new idea, concept, technology, or ideology: the impact of the industrial revolution.
v.t.
5. to drive or press closely or firmly into something.
6. to fill up; congest.
7. to collide with: a rocket designed to impact the planet Mars.
8. to have an impact or effect on; influence: The decision may impact your whole career.
v.i.
9. to make contact forcefully.
10. to have an impact: Increased demand will impact on sales.
[1775–85; back formation from impacted]
usage: The verb impact has developed the transitive sense “to have an impact or effect on” (The new reading program has impacted the elementary schools favorably) and the intransitive sense “to have an impact or effect” (Our work here impacts on every department in the company) These uses, though common, are often harshly criticized.

impact

  • fighting fire with fire - Early American settlers had to put out great prairie fires and learned that setting a circle or strip of land on fire could stop the path or lessen the impact of a big fire—giving us the phrase "fighting fire with fire."
  • freezing rain - Rain that freezes on impact with the ground or objects.
  • draw - The billiard ball's recoil after impact.
  • impinge, infringe - To impinge is to come into contact or encroach or have an impact; to infringe is to encroach on a right or privilege or to violate.

impact


Past participle: impacted
Gerund: impacting

Imperative
impact
impact
Present
I impact
you impact
he/she/it impacts
we impact
you impact
they impact
Preterite
I impacted
you impacted
he/she/it impacted
we impacted
you impacted
they impacted
Present Continuous
I am impacting
you are impacting
he/she/it is impacting
we are impacting
you are impacting
they are impacting
Present Perfect
I have impacted
you have impacted
he/she/it has impacted
we have impacted
you have impacted
they have impacted
Past Continuous
I was impacting
you were impacting
he/she/it was impacting
we were impacting
you were impacting
they were impacting
Past Perfect
I had impacted
you had impacted
he/she/it had impacted
we had impacted
you had impacted
they had impacted
Future
I will impact
you will impact
he/she/it will impact
we will impact
you will impact
they will impact
Future Perfect
I will have impacted
you will have impacted
he/she/it will have impacted
we will have impacted
you will have impacted
they will have impacted
Future Continuous
I will be impacting
you will be impacting
he/she/it will be impacting
we will be impacting
you will be impacting
they will be impacting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been impacting
you have been impacting
he/she/it has been impacting
we have been impacting
you have been impacting
they have been impacting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been impacting
you will have been impacting
he/she/it will have been impacting
we will have been impacting
you will have been impacting
they will have been impacting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been impacting
you had been impacting
he/she/it had been impacting
we had been impacting
you had been impacting
they had been impacting
Conditional
I would impact
you would impact
he/she/it would impact
we would impact
you would impact
they would impact
Past Conditional
I would have impacted
you would have impacted
he/she/it would have impacted
we would have impacted
you would have impacted
they would have impacted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.impact - the striking of one body against anotherimpact - the striking of one body against another
blow, bump - an impact (as from a collision); "the bump threw him off the bicycle"
slam - a forceful impact that makes a loud noise
impinging, striking, contact - the physical coming together of two or more things; "contact with the pier scraped paint from the hull"
2.impact - a forceful consequence; a strong effect; "the book had an important impact on my thinking"; "the book packs a wallop"
consequence, effect, result, upshot, outcome, event, issue - a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon; "the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwise"; "his decision had depressing consequences for business"; "he acted very wise after the event"
3.impact - influencing strongly; "they resented the impingement of American values on European culture"
influence - causing something without any direct or apparent effort
4.impact - the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat; "the armies met in the shock of battle"
fighting, combat, fight, scrap - the act of fighting; any contest or struggle; "a fight broke out at the hockey game"; "there was fighting in the streets"; "the unhappy couple got into a terrible scrap"
Verb1.impact - press or wedge together; pack together
wedge, squeeze, force - squeeze like a wedge into a tight space; "I squeezed myself into the corner"
2.impact - have an effect upon; "Will the new rules affect me?"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
strike a blow - affect adversely; "The court ruling struck a blow at the old segregation laws"
repercuss - cause repercussions; have an unwanted effect
tell on - produce an effect or strain on somebody; "Each step told on his tired legs"
redound - have an effect for good or ill; "Her efforts will redound to the general good"
stimulate, excite - act as a stimulant; "The book stimulated her imagination"; "This play stimulates"
process, treat - subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition; "process cheese"; "process hair"; "treat the water so it can be drunk"; "treat the lawn with chemicals" ; "treat an oil spill"
hydrolise, hydrolize - make a compound react with water and undergo hydrolysis
tinge, color, colour, distort - affect as in thought or feeling; "My personal feelings color my judgment in this case"; "The sadness tinged his life"
endanger, peril, queer, scupper, expose - put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
hit, strike - affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely; "We were hit by really bad weather"; "He was stricken with cancer when he was still a teenager"; "The earthquake struck at midnight"
subject - cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to; "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; "The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills"; "People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
discommode, disoblige, incommode, inconvenience, put out, trouble, bother - to cause inconvenience or discomfort to; "Sorry to trouble you, but..."
act upon, influence, work - have and exert influence or effect; "The artist's work influenced the young painter"; "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"
slam-dunk - make a forceful move against; "the electronic travel market is slam-dunking traditional travel agencies"

impact

noun
1. effect, influence, consequences, impression, repercussions, ramifications They expect the meeting to have a marked impact on the country's future.
2. collision, force, contact, shock, crash, knock, stroke, smash, bump, thump, jolt The pilot must have died on impact.
verb
1. hit, strike, crash, clash, crush, ram, smack, collide the sharp tinkle of metal impacting on stone
impact on something or someone affect, change, involve, interest, concern, influence, transform, alter, modify, act on, sway, bear upon, impinge upon Such schemes mean little unless they impact on people.

impact

noun
1. Violent forcible contact between two or more things:
2. The strong effect exerted by one person or thing on another:
3. The capacity to create a powerful effect:
Informal: punch, wallop.
Translations
تَأثِيرٌصَدْمَه ، صِداموَقْع ، تأثير
dopadnárazúčinekúder
indvirkningpåvirkningstød
vaikutusiskeytyätörmätävaikuttaa
učinak
áhrifárekstur
影響
영향
ictus
sutrenkimas
grūdiensiedarbībaietekmesadursmetrieciens
påverkan
ผลกระทบ
ảnh hưởng

impact

[ˈɪmpækt]
A. N
1. (= force, effect) → impacto m
the book had a great impact on meel libro me impactó mucho or me causó gran impacto
the speech made no impactel discurso no hizo mella
he wants to make an impact in the companypretende causar una buena impresión en la empresa
the measure would have considerable impact on consumersla medida afectaría considerablemente a los consumidores
2. (= crash) → choque m
on impactal chocar
B. VT (US) (= affect) → afectar, tener impacto en
C. VI
1. (= make contact) → impactar, hacer impacto
2. (= have impact) to impact on sthafectar a algo, tener impacto en algo
D. CPD impact printer Nimpresora f de impacto

impact

[ˈɪmpækt] n
(physical)impact m
the impact of a runner's foot landing on the track → l'impact du pied d'un coureur sur la piste
the impact of the crash was so great that
BUT le choc fut si violent que.
to die on impact → mourir sur le coup
to explode on impact → exploser à l'impact
(= effect) → impact m
the impact of tourism on the environment → l'impact du tourisme sur l'environnement
to have an impact on sth/sb → avoir un impact sur qch/qn
to make an impact (= make one's presence felt) → faire impression
impact on
[ɪmˈpækt] vt fus (= affect) [+ situation, process, person] → avoir un réel impact sur

impact

nAufprall m (→ on, against auf +acc); (of two moving objects)Zusammenprall m, → Aufeinanderprallen nt; (of bomb) (on house, factory) → Einschlag m (→ on in +acc); (on roof, ground) → Aufschlag m (→ on auf +dat); (of light, rays)Auftreffen nt (→ on auf +acc); (= force)Wucht f; (fig)(Aus)wirkung f (→ on auf +acc); on impact (with)beim Aufprall (→ auf +acc) → /Zusammenprall (mit) etc; he staggered under the impact of the blower taumelte unter der Wucht des Schlages; his speech had a great impact on his audienceseine Rede machte großen Eindruck auf seine Zuhörer; you can imagine the impact of this on a four-year-oldSie können sich vorstellen, wie sich das auf einen Vierjährigen auswirkt
vi to impact on somebody/something (fig)auf jdn/etw einwirken
vtaufschlagen auf (+acc); two thingszusammendrücken; (fig: = have an effect on) → einwirken auf (+acc)

impact

[n ˈɪmpækt; vb ɪmˈpækt]
1. n (force of collision) → impatto, (forza d') urto (fig) (effect) → effetto
on impact → nell'urto, nell'impatto
the book made a great impact on me/the public → il libro ha prodotto una forte impressione su di me/sul pubblico
2. vt (drive) → conficcare
3. vi (fig) (influence) to impact oninfluire su

impact

(ˈimpӕkt) noun
1. (the force of) one object etc hitting against another. The bomb exploded on impact.
2. a strong effect or impression. The film had quite an impact on television viewers.

impact

تَأثِيرٌ dopad indvirkning Aufprall επίδραση impacto vaikutus impact učinak impatto 影響 영향 impact innvirkning wpływ impacto воздействие påverkan ผลกระทบ etki ảnh hưởng 影响力

im·pact

n. colisión, impacto; efecto; golpe; v. impactar, fijar, rellenar, asegurar; incrustar.

impact

n impacto
References in classic literature ?
Thud, thud, we could hear the impact of their great heads, and their bellowing shook the pans on the kitchen shelves.
I had a theory that the gravitation of refraction, being subsidiary to atmospheric compensation, the refrangibility of the earth's surface would emphasize this effect in regions where great mountain ranges occur, and possibly so even-handed impact the odic and idyllic forces together, the one upon the other, as to prevent the moon from rising higher than 12,200 feet above sea-level.
Well, the opaque, outer coating is broken by the impact, exposing a glass cylinder, almost solid, in the forward end of which is a minute particle of radium powder.
His finger closed upon the trigger--there was a flash and a report, and Malbihn's giant frame jerked to the impact of another bullet.
It was what he had looked for, yet it shocked him; and he marvelled that so rough an impact should not have kicked a groan out of the drunkard.
An enormous hole had been made by the impact of the projectile, and the sand and gravel had been flung violently in every direction over the heath, forming heaps visible a mile and a half away.
A vowel is that which without impact of tongue or lip has an audible sound.
That the impact of your army may be like a grindstone dashed against an egg--this is effected by the science of weak points and strong.
And isn't strange, said the young lady, passing with startling suddenness from Sentiment to Science, "that the mere impact of certain coloured rays upon the Retina should give us such exquisite pleasure?
Without that to sustain and support her, she felt she could never meet the responsibilities which had suddenly descended, with such a terrific impact, upon her shoulders.
The second challenge came; and then a shot that shrieked as it came and then was stilled suddenly by impact.
The rencounter came at a heavy moment, one of all moments calculated to permit its impact with the least emotional shock.