imperfect


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Related to imperfect: Imperfect competition, imperfect tense

im·per·fect

 (ĭm-pûr′fĭkt)
adj.
1. Not perfect.
2. Grammar Of or being the tense of a verb that shows, usually in the past, an action or a condition as incomplete, continuous, or coincident with another action.
3. Botany Having either stamens or a pistil only. Used of a flower.
4. Not reproducing sexually. Used of fungi.
5. Law Potentially unenforceable; limited or defective: an imperfect right of self defense.
n.
1. A piece of merchandise having a minor flaw that does not impair its use, usually sold at a discount.
2. Grammar
a. The imperfect tense.
b. A verb in the imperfect tense.

[Middle English imparfit, from Old French imparfait, from Latin imperfectus : in-, not; see in-1 + perfectus, perfect; see perfect.]

im·per′fect·ly adv.
im·per′fect·ness n.

imperfect

(ɪmˈpɜːfɪkt)
adj
1. exhibiting or characterized by faults, mistakes, etc; defective
2. not complete or finished; deficient
3. (Botany) botany
a. (of flowers) lacking functional stamens or pistils
b. (of fungi) not undergoing sexual reproduction
4. (Grammar) grammar denoting a tense of verbs used most commonly in describing continuous or repeated past actions or events, as for example was walking as opposed to walked
5. (Law) law (of a trust, an obligation, etc) lacking some necessary formality to make effective or binding; incomplete; legally unenforceable. See also executory1
6. (Classical Music) music
a. (of a cadence) proceeding to the dominant from the tonic, subdominant, or any chord other than the dominant
b. of or relating to all intervals other than the fourth, fifth, and octave. Compare perfect9
n
(Grammar) grammar
a. the imperfect tense
b. a verb in this tense
imˈperfectly adv
imˈperfectness n

im•per•fect

(ɪmˈpɜr fɪkt)

adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by defects or weaknesses: imperfect vision.
2. lacking completeness: imperfect knowledge.
3. of or designating a verb tense or form typically indicating a habitual, repeated, or continuing action or state in the past or an action or state in progress at a point of reference in the past, as Spanish hablaban “they used to speak” or “they were speaking.”
4. not enforceable by law.
5. (of a flower) having either stamens or pistils; unisexual.
n.
6. the imperfect tense.
7. a verb form in the imperfect tense.
[1300–50; Middle English imparfit < Middle French imparfait < Latin imperfectus unfinished]
im•per′fect•ly, adv.
im•per′fect•ness, n.

imperfect

Used to describe a verb form that expresses an uncompleted or ongoing action, as in “We were walking.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.imperfect - a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
present progressive, present progressive tense - a tense used to express action that is on-going at the time of utterance
past progressive, past progressive tense - a progressive tense used to describe on-going action in the past; "`I had been running' is an example of the past progressive"
future progressive, future progressive tense - a progressive tense used to express action that will be on-going in the future; "`I will be running' is an example of the future progressive"
Adj.1.imperfect - not perfect; defective or inadequate; "had only an imperfect understanding of his responsibilities"; "imperfect mortals"; "drainage here is imperfect"
blemished - marred by imperfections
broken - physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split; "a broken mirror"; "a broken tooth"; "a broken leg"; "his neck is broken"
perfect - being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish; "a perfect circle"; "a perfect reproduction"; "perfect happiness"; "perfect manners"; "a perfect specimen"; "a perfect day"
2.imperfect - wanting in moral strength, courage, or will; having the attributes of man as opposed to e.g. divine beings; "I'm only a fallible human"; "frail humanity"
human - having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings; "human beings"; "the human body"; "human kindness"; "human frailty"

imperfect

imperfect

adjective
Having a defect or defects:
Translations
غَير تامفيه عَيْب
imperfektnívadný
datidfejlbehæftetimperfektummangelfuld
folyamatos múlt idõtökéletlen
gallaîurólokiî horf í òátíî
eigos veikslasnetobulaisu defektu
ar defektiem/trūkumiemimperfektsnepabeigtsnepilnīgs
nedokonavý
bitmemiş eylem gösterenhatalıkusurlu

imperfect

[ɪmˈpɜːfɪkt]
A. ADJ
1. (= faulty) [machine, product] → defectuoso; [hearing, vision] → deficiente; [understanding, world, method] → imperfecto; [knowledge] → incompleto, limitado; [reasoning] → deficiente, incorrecto
2. (Ling) [tense] → imperfecto
B. N (Ling) → imperfecto m
a verb in the imperfectun verbo en imperfecto

imperfect

[ɪmˈpɜːrfɪkt]
adj
[world, human being] → imparfait(e)
We live in an imperfect world → Nous vivons dans un monde imparfait.
We have to accept ourselves as imperfect human beings → Nous devons nous accepter comme des êtres imparfaits.
(= incomplete) [knowledge, understanding] → imparfait(e)
[tool, substitute] → imparfait(e)
[goods, merchandise] → présentant des imperfections
They sell slightly imperfect merchandise at low prices → Ils vendent à bas prix des marchandises présentant de légères imperfections.
n (also imperfect tense) → imparfait m
in the imperfect → à l'imparfait

imperfect

adj
(= faulty)unvollkommen, mangelhaft; (Comm) goodsfehlerhaft
(= incomplete)unvollständig, unvollkommen
(Gram) → Imperfekt-, Vergangenheits-; imperfect formImperfekt- or Vergangenheitsform f
n (Gram) → Imperfekt nt, → Vergangenheit f

imperfect

[ɪmˈpɜːfɪkt]
1. adj
a. (gen) → difettoso/a
b. (Gram) → imperfetto/a
2. n (Gram) (also imperfect tense) → imperfetto
in the imperfect → all'imperfetto

imperfect

(imˈpəːfikt) adjective
1. having a fault. This coat is being sold at half-price because it is imperfect.
2. (also noun) (a verb) of the tense expressing an action or state in the past which is not completed. The verb `go' in `I was going' is in the imperfect tense.
imˈperfectly adverb
ˌimperˈfection (-ˈfekʃən) noun
(the state of having) a fault or defect.

imperfect

n. tiempo imperfecto;
a. imperfecto-a; defectuoso-a.
References in classic literature ?
This world, the eternally imperfect, an eternal contradiction's image and imperfect image--an intoxicating joy to its imperfect creator:--thus did the world once seem to me.
At either end of the scale are notes that stir no chord of that imperfect instrument, the human ear.
the ideal state seems far away, and we find a dispassionate survey of imperfect states, the best ways of preserving them, and an analysis of the causes of their instability.
I was a youngster then, and suffering from weariness, cold, and imperfect oilskins which let water in at every seam.
This Abstract, which I now publish, must necessarily be imperfect.
Between the purely physical rykor and the purely mental kaldane there was little choice; but in the happy medium of normal, and imperfect man, as she knew him, lay the most desirable state of existence.
Why," say they, "should we adopt an imperfect thing?
The Republic, like the Phaedrus, is an imperfect whole; the higher light of philosophy breaks through the regularity of the Hellenic temple, which at last fades away into the heavens.
She stood by a window, holding a book in close contiguity to her nose, as if with the hope of gaining an olfactory acquaintance with its contents, since her imperfect vision made it not very easy to read them.
A pleasurable feeling of independence possessed him when he heard the glass doors swing to behind his back with a sort of imperfect baffled thud.
The curtain of our imperfect drama must fall, to rise upon another scene.
It was nearly six o'clock, but only grey imperfect misty dawn, when we drew nigh the wharf.