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 (ĭm′pər-fĕk′tĭv) Grammar
Of, relating to, or being the aspect that expresses the action denoted by the verb without regard to its beginning or completion.
1. The imperfective aspect.
2. An imperfective verb form.
3. A verb having an imperfective form.


(ˌɪmpəˈfɛktɪv) grammar
(Grammar) denoting an aspect of the verb in some languages, including English, used to indicate that the action is in progress without regard to its completion. Compare perfective
a. the imperfective aspect of a verb
b. a verb in this aspect
ˌimperˈfectively adv


(ˌɪm pərˈfɛk tɪv)
1. of or noting an aspect of the verb that indicates incompleteness or repetition of an action or state.
2. the imperfective aspect.
3. a verb in this aspect.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.imperfective - aspect without regard to the beginning or completion of the action of the verb
durative, durative aspect - the aspect of a verb that expresses its duration
czasownik niedokonany
References in periodicals archive ?
John Watters mentions that in Central Sudanic languages such as Ma'di and Western Nilotic, the perfective requires subject-verb-object (SVO) and the imperfective requires a subject-object-verb (SOV) word order.
She covers oppositions between past tenses in French, relations between tenses in French and Polish, Stanislaw Karolak's semantic theory of aspect and its implication for translating Polish imperfective verbs into French, factual and actual meanings of Polish imperfect verbs and the problems with their translation into French, and detailed translation rules.
Although these correspond morphologically to the weak stem of the perfect (Barschel 1986: 307), semantically they are much closer to an imperfective present stem.
One familiar proposal is that process verbs in the progressive or imperfective form exhibit perfective entailments that accomplishment verbs do not.
The claim is merely that the agent must have knowledge of the action as in progress, under the imperfective aspect "I am [phi]-ing," which does not entail the truth of the perfective "I will have [phi]-ed.
Chapter 8 offers a reexamination of the English progressive, with special attention devoted to the imperfective paradox.
The case report was written with verbs in either the imperfective ("was pulling out his gun") or perfective ("pulled out his gun") form.
which expresses imperfective ('continuative') aspect, a grammatical property which also occurs with synthetic forms.
They automatically take on an imperfective interpretation.
As for the verbs in the present, it is noteworthy that this tense allows only imperfective aspect.
feminine, FUT = future, GEN = genitive, IAPTC = imperfective adverbial, IMP = imperative, FNDF = indefmitive, INF = infinitive, LOCi = locative i, LOCii = locative ii, m.