The activity aspect is evidenced by the test of imperfective
paradox (5), once verbs that denote activities, when placed in the imperfective
form, entail that the action was already performed.
Multimedia instruction in Foreign Language Classrooms: Effects on the Acquisition of the French Perfective and imperfective
However, the terms Imperfective
, Perfective, Progressive are borrowed from Generative Grammar (Butt and Ramchand, 2003; Butt and Rizvi, 2008).
To illustrate, Slovak verb otacat'v 'to rotate' has the imperfective
aspect, while the verb otocit'v 'to rotate' has perfective aspect.
Some authors claim very decisively that the only function of some prefixes is "to transform imperfective
verbs into perfective" (e.
Based on the patterns of L2 French past-tense development (see Bardovi-Harlig, 2000; Harley, 1992), Izquierdo (2007) exposed learners from two past-tense proficiency levels to one of two sets of MI experimental materials, including four one-hour lessons teaching the perfective and imperfective
past: passe compose and imparfait, respectively.
The basilectal transfer is also contemplated by Sharma (2009) as a plausible cause, considering "the restricted use of imperfective
marking in Mandarin (as compared with Hindi)".
Events reported in the imperfective
aspect are described as ongoing more frequently than events reported in the perfective aspect (Madden & Zwaan, 2003).
The two past imperfective
verbs, "restaient" and "arretait," couch the timeless infinitive "demeurer.
The acquisition of perfective and imperfective
morphology and the marking of discourse grounding in Catalan.
They cannot bear Ergative Case whether they are in perfective aspect or imperfective
She covers oppositions between past tenses in French, relations between tenses in French and Polish, Stanislaw Karolak's semantic theory of aspect and its implication for translating Polish imperfective
verbs into French, factual and actual meanings of Polish imperfect verbs and the problems with their translation into French, and detailed translation rules.