implicature


Also found in: Wikipedia.

im·plic·a·ture

 (ĭm-plĭk′ə-chər)
n. Linguistics
1. The aspect of meaning that a speaker conveys, implies, or suggests without directly expressing. Although the utterance "Can you pass the salt?" is literally a request for information about one's ability to pass salt, the understood implicature is a request for salt.
2. The process by which such a meaning is conveyed, implied, or suggested. In saying "Some dogs are mammals," the speaker conveys by implicature that not all dogs are mammals.

implicature

(ɪmˈplɪkətʃə)
n
1. (Logic) a proposition inferred from the circumstances of utterances of another proposition rather than from its literal meaning, as when an academic referee writes the candidate's handwriting is excellent to convey that he has nothing relevant to commend
2. (Logic) the relation between the uttered and the inferred statement
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the topics are the interaction of P-stranding and sluicing in Bulgarian, parametric variation of Slavic accusative impersonals, Russian namek and English hint as ordinary language hyponyms of Grice's term implicature, branching onsets in Old Czech, and aspects of conativity in Russian: towards a linguistics of attempt and success.
This raises the question of why the claim above sounds better once the implicature is canceled.
Reasons to think that assertion has an epistemic norm also, interestingly, provide a reason to think that conversational implicature has a norm as well.
61) Implicature is a form of indirect communication.
When one says (a) I am busy to mean (b) I cannot help you, then (b) is an implicature of the utterance (a).
Alternatively, by omitting these morphological strategies, the conversational implicature is that the speaker is, was or will not be a witness of the event expressed by the verb.
for misleading with linguistic implicatures and an ethical distinction between deception by false assertion and by false conversational implicature.
Every metonym has a certain implicature deduced by the listener.
Pragmatic tolerance: Implications for the acquisition of informativeness and implicature.
While developing this model, concepts such as verbal irony, cognitive metaphor, image-schema, figure and ground, implicature, contextual effects and relevance were weaved.