impugn

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Related to impugned: flotsam, raiment, besmirched, Bifurcations

im·pugn

 (ĭm-pyo͞on′)
tr.v. im·pugned, im·pugn·ing, im·pugns
To attack as false or questionable; challenge in argument: impugn a political opponent's record.

[Middle English impugnen, from Old French impugner, from Latin impugnāre : in-, against; see in-2 + pugnāre, to fight; see peuk- in Indo-European roots.]

im·pugn′a·ble adj.
im·pugn′er n.

impugn

(ɪmˈpjuːn)
vb
(tr) to challenge or attack as false; assail; criticize
[C14: from Old French impugner, from Latin impugnāre to fight against, attack, from im- + pugnāre to fight]
imˈpugnable adj
impugnation, imˈpugnment n
imˈpugner n

im•pugn

(ɪmˈpyun)
v.t.
1. to challenge as false; cast doubt upon: The lawyer impugned the witness's story.
2. Archaic. to vilify.
[1325–75; Middle English < Middle French impugner < Latin impugnāre to attack =im- im-1 + pugnāre to fight, derivative of pugnus fist]
im•pugn′a•ble, adj.
im•pugn′er, n.

impugn


Past participle: impugned
Gerund: impugning

Imperative
impugn
impugn
Present
I impugn
you impugn
he/she/it impugns
we impugn
you impugn
they impugn
Preterite
I impugned
you impugned
he/she/it impugned
we impugned
you impugned
they impugned
Present Continuous
I am impugning
you are impugning
he/she/it is impugning
we are impugning
you are impugning
they are impugning
Present Perfect
I have impugned
you have impugned
he/she/it has impugned
we have impugned
you have impugned
they have impugned
Past Continuous
I was impugning
you were impugning
he/she/it was impugning
we were impugning
you were impugning
they were impugning
Past Perfect
I had impugned
you had impugned
he/she/it had impugned
we had impugned
you had impugned
they had impugned
Future
I will impugn
you will impugn
he/she/it will impugn
we will impugn
you will impugn
they will impugn
Future Perfect
I will have impugned
you will have impugned
he/she/it will have impugned
we will have impugned
you will have impugned
they will have impugned
Future Continuous
I will be impugning
you will be impugning
he/she/it will be impugning
we will be impugning
you will be impugning
they will be impugning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been impugning
you have been impugning
he/she/it has been impugning
we have been impugning
you have been impugning
they have been impugning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been impugning
you will have been impugning
he/she/it will have been impugning
we will have been impugning
you will have been impugning
they will have been impugning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been impugning
you had been impugning
he/she/it had been impugning
we had been impugning
you had been impugning
they had been impugning
Conditional
I would impugn
you would impugn
he/she/it would impugn
we would impugn
you would impugn
they would impugn
Past Conditional
I would have impugned
you would have impugned
he/she/it would have impugned
we would have impugned
you would have impugned
they would have impugned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.impugn - attack as false or wrong
challenge - issue a challenge to; "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match"

impugn

verb (Formal) challenge, question, attack, dispute, criticize, call into question, assail, gainsay (archaic or literary), traduce, cast doubt upon I hope the good name of the company will not be impugned.
Translations

impugn

[ɪmˈpjuːn] VT [+ integrity, honesty, motives] → poner en duda; [+ theory] → cuestionar; [+ testimony] → impugnar

impugn

[ɪmˈpjuːn] vt [+ motives, integrity] → contester

impugn

vt personangreifen; sb’s behaviour etc alsoscharfe Kritik üben an (+dat); sb’s honesty, motivesin Zweifel ziehen, Zweifel hegen an (+dat); statement, evidence, veracity of witnessbestreiten, anfechten

impugn

[ɪmˈpjuːn] vt (frm) → attaccare, contestare
References in classic literature ?
I should have made very short work of any one who had impugned the authenticity of the poems, but happily there was no one who held the contrary opinion in that village, so far as I knew, or who cared for Ossian, or had even heard of him.
He opposed the king's divorce from Katharine of Aragon and refused to subscribe to the Act of Supremacy, which impugned the Pope's authority and made Henry head of the English church.
While numerous sermons attack Calvinist predestination and espouse a more Arminian position - in fact, "the only distinctly Calvinist belief whose truth is not unambiguously impugned by Donne is that of the irresistibility of grace" (25) - Donne also argues forcefully for the importance of preaching, which, Oliver rightly suggests, "marks him as operating quite independently of Arminian preferences" (251).
In a small denomination such as The Presbyterian Church in Canada, the personal credibility of God's servants is easily impugned by careless communication, undertaken on or off the record," the communique states.
Joyce observed, "Terra has high ethical standards and will not let our reputation be impugned by what we believe to be unfounded charges.
Their professional integrity and ethical standards should not be impugned as a result of the behavior of a small number of their colleagues.
In an appeal filed at the Supreme Court Lahore Registry through counsel Khawaja Saeed uz Zafar, Sardar Ayaz Sadiq said that election tribunal's impugned order was against facts and relevant laws.
The FST bench comprising Kazi Afaq Hussain and Syed Nasir Ali Shah after hearing the detailed arguments advanced by the either sides, set aside the impugned order and directed for her proper medical board within three month for invalid pension.
The court suspended the impugned detention order of Lakhvi issued by the DCO Okara on March 14.
lic but impugned amendment is against the interest of the general public," the petition said.
He impugned my reputation and he has been caught out.
Severa; factors point to the fact that the said linking and re-directing of users from the impugned domain name to the official website of the Indian National Congress is not only deliberate, but also mischievous, impermissible and unlawful," the issued notice added.