inclined plane


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inclined plane
Pushing a load up a gentle slope requires less effort than lifting it.

inclined plane

n.
A plane set at an angle to the horizontal, especially a simple machine used to raise or lower a load by rolling or sliding.

inclined plane

n
a plane whose angle to the horizontal is less than a right angle

inclined′ plane′


n.
one of the simple machines, a plane surface inclined to the horizon, or forming with a horizontal plane any angle but a right angle.
[1700–10]

in·clined plane

(ĭn′klīnd′)
A plane surface, such as a ramp, set at an acute angle to a horizontal surface. It is a simple machine because it requires less force to slide or roll a body up the plane than to raise the body vertically. Many tools are based on the principle of the inclined plane, such as the ax, screw, wedge, and chisel.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inclined plane - a simple machine for elevating objectsinclined plane - a simple machine for elevating objects; consists of plane surface that makes an acute angle with the horizontal
simple machine, machine - a device for overcoming resistance at one point by applying force at some other point
ramp, incline - an inclined surface connecting two levels
screw - a simple machine of the inclined-plane type consisting of a spirally threaded cylindrical rod that engages with a similarly threaded hole
wedge - something solid that is usable as an inclined plane (shaped like a V) that can be pushed between two things to separate them
Translations
References in classic literature ?
The speaker, and the schoolmaster, and the third grown person present, all backed a little, and swept with their eyes the inclined plane of little vessels then and there arranged in order, ready to have imperial gallons of facts poured into them until they were full to the brim.
A path, on the principle of an inclined plane, turns round and round the building like a screw, and gives access to the different stories, intersecting each of them in its turn, and thus gradually rising to the top of the wall of the tower.
The only propelling force it ever exhibited, was the mere impetus acquired from the descent of the inclined plane ; and this impetus carried the machine farther when the vanes were at rest, than when they were in motion - a fact which sufficiently demonstrates their inutility ; and in the absence of the propelling, which was also the sustaining power, the whole fabric would necessarily descend.
This salient spur of the lofty elevations that encompassed the bay rose with a sharp angle from the valleys at its base, and presented, with the exception of a few steep acclivities, the appearance of a vast inclined plane, sweeping down towards the sea from the heights in the distance.
Arrested by a whispering above, she paused in the doorway, and looked up the stairs along a broad smooth handrail that swept round in an unbroken curve at each landing, forming an inclined plane from the top to the bottom of the house.
The captain adjusted Jehan's head upon an inclined plane of cabbage-stumps, and on the very instant, the scholar fell to snoring in a magnificent bass.
After winding along the side of the mountain, the road, on reaching the gentle declivity which lay at the base of the hill, turned at a right angle to its former course, and shot down an inclined plane, directly into the village of Templeton.
There is a box of barristers on their right hand; there is an enclosure of insolvent debtors on their left; and there is an inclined plane of most especially dirty faces in their front.
For then, an inclined plane of unfortunate infants would be handed over to the prosiest and worst of all the teachers with good intentions, whom nobody older would endure.
But I can also make the Nautilus rise and sink, and sink and rise, by a vertical movement by means of two inclined planes fastened to its sides, opposite the centre of flotation, planes that move in every direction, and that are worked by powerful levers from the interior.
The most abrupt declivity of these mountains confronts the Zanzibar coast, but the western slopes are merely inclined planes.