incumbent


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in·cum·bent

 (ĭn-kŭm′bənt)
adj.
1. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
2. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
3. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
n.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.

[Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.]

in·cum′bent·ly adv.

incumbent

(ɪnˈkʌmbənt)
adj
1. formal (often: postpositive and foll by on or upon and an infinitive) morally binding or necessary; obligatory: it is incumbent on me to attend.
2. (usually: postpositive and foll by on) resting or lying (on)
n
(Ecclesiastical Terms) a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice
[C16: from Latin incumbere to lie upon, devote one's attention to, from in-2 + -cumbere, related to Latin cubāre to lie down]
inˈcumbently adv

in•cum•bent

(ɪnˈkʌm bənt)

adj.
1. currently holding an indicated office: the incumbent president.
2. obligatory: a duty incumbent upon me.
3. resting, lying, or pressing on something.
n.
4. the holder of an office or an ecclesiastical benefice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English (n.) < Latin incumbent-, s. of incumbēns, present participle of incumbere to lie or lean upon]
in•cum′bent•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.incumbent - the official who holds an office
holder - a person who holds something; "they held two hostages"; "he holds the trophy"; "she holds a United States passport"
office-bearer - the person who holds an office
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
Adj.1.incumbent - lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological formation"
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
superjacent - lying immediately above or on something else
2.incumbent - necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding; "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"
necessary - absolutely essential
3.incumbent - currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"
current - occurring in or belonging to the present time; "current events"; "the current topic"; "current negotiations"; "current psychoanalytic theories"; "the ship's current position"

incumbent

noun
1. holder, keeper, bearer, custodian The previous incumbent led the party for eleven years.
adjective (Formal)
1. obligatory, required, necessary, essential, binding, compulsory, mandatory, imperative It is incumbent upon all of us to make an extra effort.
Translations

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
A. ADJ (frm) to be incumbent on sb to do sthincumbir a algn hacer algo
I felt it incumbent upon me to gosentí que debía ir
B. Ntitular mf, poseedor(a) m/f (de un cargo o dignidad) (Rel) → beneficiado m

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
adj
it is incumbent on him to ... → il lui appartient de ...
it is incumbent upon us to ... → il nous appartient de ...
ntitulaire mf

incumbent

(form)
adj
to be incumbent upon somebodyjdm obliegen (form), → jds Pflicht sein (to do sth etw zu tun)
the incumbent mayorder amtierende Bürgermeister, die amtierende Bürgermeisterin
nAmtsinhaber(in) m(f); (Eccl) → Inhaber(in) m(f)einer Pfarrstelle

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt] (frm)
1. adj it is incumbent on him to do it ...spetta a lui farlo...
2. n (gen) → titolare m/f (Rel) → beneficiato
References in classic literature ?
Heyward felt it had now become incumbent on him to act.
Indeed, it is to be feared that some of the more rustic and bashful youths of Devil's Ford, who had felt it incumbent upon them to pay their respects to the new-comers, were more at ease in this vestibule than in the arcana beyond, whose glories they could see through the open door.
It was a mansion exceedingly inadequate to the style of living which it would be incumbent on Mr.
It is essential, in order to a complete estimate of the advantages of official life, to view the incumbent at the in-coming of a hostile administration.
Weston, "as I took Miss Taylor away, it is incumbent on me to supply her place, if I can; and I will step to Mrs.
I dare say you have seen enough of Edward to know that he would prefer the church to every other profession; now my plan is that he should take orders as soon as he can, and then through your interest, which I am sure you would be kind enough to use out of friendship for him, and I hope out of some regard to me, your brother might be persuaded to give him Norland living; which I understand is a very good one, and the present incumbent not likely to live a great while.
To be sure I am distantly related to the Rochesters by the mother's side, or at least my husband was; he was a clergyman, incumbent of Hay--that little village yonder on the hill--and that church near the gates was his.
Lorry felt it incumbent on him to speak a word or two of reassurance.
I have felt it incumbent upon me, Master Copperfield,' said Uriah,
Then with expanded wings he stears his flight Aloft, incumbent on the dusky Air That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land He lights, if it were Land that ever burn'd With solid, as the Lake with liquid fire; And such appear'd in hue, as when the force Of subterranean wind transports a Hill Torn from PELORUS, or the shatter'd side Of thundring AETNA, whose combustible And fewel'd entrals thence conceiving Fire, Sublim'd with Mineral fury, aid the Winds, And leave a singed bottom all involv'd With stench and smoak: Such resting found the sole Of unblest feet.
The Hermit replies, by once more insisting on the duties incumbent upon him as a churchman, and continues to affirm himself free from all such breaches of order:
I thought that to discharge this office as I ought, it was incumbent on me to provide necessaries as well for the bodies as the souls of the converted Catholics.