incumbent

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Related to incumbent upon: incumbent to do

in·cum·bent

 (ĭn-kŭm′bənt)
adj.
1. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
2. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
3. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
n.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.

[Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.]

in·cum′bent·ly adv.

incumbent

(ɪnˈkʌmbənt)
adj
1. formal (often: postpositive and foll by on or upon and an infinitive) morally binding or necessary; obligatory: it is incumbent on me to attend.
2. (usually: postpositive and foll by on) resting or lying (on)
n
(Ecclesiastical Terms) a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice
[C16: from Latin incumbere to lie upon, devote one's attention to, from in-2 + -cumbere, related to Latin cubāre to lie down]
inˈcumbently adv

in•cum•bent

(ɪnˈkʌm bənt)

adj.
1. currently holding an indicated office: the incumbent president.
2. obligatory: a duty incumbent upon me.
3. resting, lying, or pressing on something.
n.
4. the holder of an office or an ecclesiastical benefice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English (n.) < Latin incumbent-, s. of incumbēns, present participle of incumbere to lie or lean upon]
in•cum′bent•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.incumbent - the official who holds an office
holder - a person who holds something; "they held two hostages"; "he holds the trophy"; "she holds a United States passport"
office-bearer - the person who holds an office
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
Adj.1.incumbent - lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological formation"
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
superjacent - lying immediately above or on something else
2.incumbent - necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding; "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"
necessary - absolutely essential
3.incumbent - currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"
current - occurring in or belonging to the present time; "current events"; "the current topic"; "current negotiations"; "current psychoanalytic theories"; "the ship's current position"

incumbent

noun
1. holder, keeper, bearer, custodian The previous incumbent led the party for eleven years.
adjective (Formal)
1. obligatory, required, necessary, essential, binding, compulsory, mandatory, imperative It is incumbent upon all of us to make an extra effort.
Translations

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
A. ADJ (frm) to be incumbent on sb to do sthincumbir a algn hacer algo
I felt it incumbent upon me to gosentí que debía ir
B. Ntitular mf, poseedor(a) m/f (de un cargo o dignidad) (Rel) → beneficiado m

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
adj
it is incumbent on him to ... → il lui appartient de ...
it is incumbent upon us to ... → il nous appartient de ...
ntitulaire mf

incumbent

(form)
adj
to be incumbent upon somebodyjdm obliegen (form), → jds Pflicht sein (to do sth etw zu tun)
the incumbent mayorder amtierende Bürgermeister, die amtierende Bürgermeisterin
nAmtsinhaber(in) m(f); (Eccl) → Inhaber(in) m(f)einer Pfarrstelle

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt] (frm)
1. adj it is incumbent on him to do it ...spetta a lui farlo...
2. n (gen) → titolare m/f (Rel) → beneficiato
References in classic literature ?
He nodded gravely, and added with awful emphasis - 'I thought it incumbent upon me to do so.
He looked at me with some severity, and turning again to my mother, repeated, - 'I thought it incumbent upon me
Indeed, it is to be feared that some of the more rustic and bashful youths of Devil's Ford, who had felt it incumbent upon them to pay their respects to the new-comers, were more at ease in this vestibule than in the arcana beyond, whose glories they could see through the open door.
Don Diego and his son commended his laudable resolution, and bade him furnish himself with all he wanted from their house and belongings, as they would most gladly be of service to him; which, indeed, his personal worth and his honourable profession made incumbent upon them.
Also, if he thinks it incumbent upon him to be fanciful, original, and out of the way, his fancy always assumes a foolish, unnatural vein, for the reason that it is compounded of trite, hackneyed forms.
I rarely passed more unpleasant moments, so much so that when they did arrive all together punctually at six I was overjoyed to see them, as though they were my deliverers, and even forgot that it was incumbent upon me to show resentment
The Hermit replies, by once more insisting on the duties incumbent upon him as a churchman, and continues to affirm himself free from all such breaches of order:
I need not expound the quaint old ritual of ransom, which it is incumbent upon me to keep up; and even this only applies to a part of the company.
Nicholas looked at the ugly clerk, as if he had a mind to reward his admiration of the young lady by beating the ledger about his ears, but he refrained, and strode haughtily out of the office; setting at defiance, in his indignation, those ancient laws of chivalry, which not only made it proper and lawful for all good knights to hear the praise of the ladies to whom they were devoted, but rendered it incumbent upon them to roam about the world, and knock at head all such matter-of-fact and un-poetical characters, as declined to exalt, above all the earth, damsels whom they had never chanced to look upon or hear of--as if that were any excuse!
Now, it is incumbent upon all people in an exalted position, but it is particularly so on this family, for reasons which I--ha--will not dwell upon, to make themselves respected.
I have felt it incumbent upon me, Master Copperfield,' said Uriah,
Marriyum Aurangzeb said every state institution has its own constitutional position and it is incumbent upon them to extend due respect to each other.