incumbent

(redirected from Incumbents)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

in·cum·bent

 (ĭn-kŭm′bənt)
adj.
1. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
2. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
3. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
n.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.

[Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.]

in·cum′bent·ly adv.

incumbent

(ɪnˈkʌmbənt)
adj
1. formal (often: postpositive and foll by on or upon and an infinitive) morally binding or necessary; obligatory: it is incumbent on me to attend.
2. (usually: postpositive and foll by on) resting or lying (on)
n
(Ecclesiastical Terms) a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice
[C16: from Latin incumbere to lie upon, devote one's attention to, from in-2 + -cumbere, related to Latin cubāre to lie down]
inˈcumbently adv

in•cum•bent

(ɪnˈkʌm bənt)

adj.
1. currently holding an indicated office: the incumbent president.
2. obligatory: a duty incumbent upon me.
3. resting, lying, or pressing on something.
n.
4. the holder of an office or an ecclesiastical benefice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English (n.) < Latin incumbent-, s. of incumbēns, present participle of incumbere to lie or lean upon]
in•cum′bent•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.incumbent - the official who holds an office
holder - a person who holds something; "they held two hostages"; "he holds the trophy"; "she holds a United States passport"
office-bearer - the person who holds an office
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
Adj.1.incumbent - lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological formation"
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
superjacent - lying immediately above or on something else
2.incumbent - necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding; "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"
necessary - absolutely essential
3.incumbent - currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"
current - occurring in or belonging to the present time; "current events"; "the current topic"; "current negotiations"; "current psychoanalytic theories"; "the ship's current position"

incumbent

noun
1. holder, keeper, bearer, custodian The previous incumbent led the party for eleven years.
adjective (Formal)
1. obligatory, required, necessary, essential, binding, compulsory, mandatory, imperative It is incumbent upon all of us to make an extra effort.
Translations

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
A. ADJ (frm) to be incumbent on sb to do sthincumbir a algn hacer algo
I felt it incumbent upon me to gosentí que debía ir
B. Ntitular mf, poseedor(a) m/f (de un cargo o dignidad) (Rel) → beneficiado m

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
adj
it is incumbent on him to ... → il lui appartient de ...
it is incumbent upon us to ... → il nous appartient de ...
ntitulaire mf

incumbent

(form)
adj
to be incumbent upon somebodyjdm obliegen (form), → jds Pflicht sein (to do sth etw zu tun)
the incumbent mayorder amtierende Bürgermeister, die amtierende Bürgermeisterin
nAmtsinhaber(in) m(f); (Eccl) → Inhaber(in) m(f)einer Pfarrstelle

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt] (frm)
1. adj it is incumbent on him to do it ...spetta a lui farlo...
2. n (gen) → titolare m/f (Rel) → beneficiato
References in classic literature ?
The whole were grouped in a manner that aped the streets of a city, and were evidently so arranged by the directions of one who looked to the wants of posterity rather than to the convenience of the present incumbents.
The incumbents refused to retire, and the courts were in the hands of the Oligarchy.
Heyward felt it had now become incumbent on him to act.
Indeed, it is to be feared that some of the more rustic and bashful youths of Devil's Ford, who had felt it incumbent upon them to pay their respects to the new-comers, were more at ease in this vestibule than in the arcana beyond, whose glories they could see through the open door.
Weston, "as I took Miss Taylor away, it is incumbent on me to supply her place, if I can; and I will step to Mrs.
I dare say you have seen enough of Edward to know that he would prefer the church to every other profession; now my plan is that he should take orders as soon as he can, and then through your interest, which I am sure you would be kind enough to use out of friendship for him, and I hope out of some regard to me, your brother might be persuaded to give him Norland living; which I understand is a very good one, and the present incumbent not likely to live a great while.
It clearly being incumbent on some one to say, "Much better," Mr.
He was not originally a cruel or even a severe man; but with passions by nature cold, and with a high, though mistaken, sense of duty, his heart had been gradually hardened by the ascetic life which he pursued, the supreme power which he enjoyed, and the supposed necessity of subduing infidelity and eradicating heresy, which he conceived peculiarly incumbent on him.
I thought that to discharge this office as I ought, it was incumbent on me to provide necessaries as well for the bodies as the souls of the converted Catholics.
Don Diego and his son commended his laudable resolution, and bade him furnish himself with all he wanted from their house and belongings, as they would most gladly be of service to him; which, indeed, his personal worth and his honourable profession made incumbent upon them.
Should we be able to preserve it against the incumbent weight of Connecticut on the one side, and the co-operating pressure of New Jersey on the other?
They formed the design of a great Confederacy, which it is incumbent on their successors to improve and perpetuate.