incur


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal.

in·cur

 (ĭn-kûr′)
tr.v. in·curred, in·cur·ring, in·curs
1. To acquire or come into (something usually undesirable); sustain: incurred substantial losses during the stock market crash.
2. To become liable or subject to as a result of one's actions; bring upon oneself: incur the anger of a friend.

[Middle English incurren, from Old French encorir, from Latin incurrere, to run upon : in-, on; see in-2 + currere, to run; see kers- in Indo-European roots.]

incur

(ɪnˈkɜː)
vb (tr) , -curs, -curring or -curred
1. to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
2. to run into or encounter
[C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run]
inˈcurrable adj

in•cur

(ɪnˈkɜr)

v.t. -curred, -cur•ring.
1. to become liable for: to incur debts.
2. to bring upon oneself: incurred our displeasure.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon =in- in-3 + currere to run]
in•cur′ra•ble, adj.

incur


Past participle: incurred
Gerund: incurring

Imperative
incur
incur
Present
I incur
you incur
he/she/it incurs
we incur
you incur
they incur
Preterite
I incurred
you incurred
he/she/it incurred
we incurred
you incurred
they incurred
Present Continuous
I am incurring
you are incurring
he/she/it is incurring
we are incurring
you are incurring
they are incurring
Present Perfect
I have incurred
you have incurred
he/she/it has incurred
we have incurred
you have incurred
they have incurred
Past Continuous
I was incurring
you were incurring
he/she/it was incurring
we were incurring
you were incurring
they were incurring
Past Perfect
I had incurred
you had incurred
he/she/it had incurred
we had incurred
you had incurred
they had incurred
Future
I will incur
you will incur
he/she/it will incur
we will incur
you will incur
they will incur
Future Perfect
I will have incurred
you will have incurred
he/she/it will have incurred
we will have incurred
you will have incurred
they will have incurred
Future Continuous
I will be incurring
you will be incurring
he/she/it will be incurring
we will be incurring
you will be incurring
they will be incurring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been incurring
you have been incurring
he/she/it has been incurring
we have been incurring
you have been incurring
they have been incurring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been incurring
you will have been incurring
he/she/it will have been incurring
we will have been incurring
you will have been incurring
they will have been incurring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been incurring
you had been incurring
he/she/it had been incurring
we had been incurring
you had been incurring
they had been incurring
Conditional
I would incur
you would incur
he/she/it would incur
we would incur
you would incur
they would incur
Past Conditional
I would have incurred
you would have incurred
he/she/it would have incurred
we would have incurred
you would have incurred
they would have incurred
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.incur - make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to; "People who smoke incur a great danger to their health"
subject - cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to; "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; "The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills"; "People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
run - be affected by; be subjected to; "run a temperature"; "run a risk"
2.incur - receive a specified treatment (abstract); "These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation"; "His movie received a good review"; "I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
take - ascertain or determine by measuring, computing or take a reading from a dial; "take a pulse"; "A reading was taken of the earth's tremors"
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"

incur

verb sustain, experience, suffer, gain, earn, collect, meet with, provoke, run up, induce, arouse, expose yourself to, lay yourself open to, bring upon yourself The government has also incurred huge debts.

incur

verb
To take upon oneself:
Translations
يَجُر على نفسه الدُّيونيَجْلِبُ على نَفْسِه
upadnout dozpůsobit
pådrage sig
aiheuttaaollaseurataseuraus
adósságba veri magátmagára von
kalla yfir sigstofna til
įsiskolinti
ciestiedzīvotiesiekļūt
spôsobiť
borçlanmakhedef olmakuğramak

incur

[ɪnˈkɜːʳ] VT [+ debt, obligation] → contraer; [+ expense, charges] → incurrir en; [+ loss] → sufrir; [+ anger] → provocar
I wouldn't wish to incur his wrathno me gustaría provocar su ira
I did not wish to incur his disapprovalno deseaba hacer que se pusiera en desacuerdo

incur

[ɪnˈkɜːr] vt
[+ expenses] → encourir; [+ debt] → contracter
[+ anger, risk] → s'exposer à
[+ loss] → subir

incur

vt
anger, injury, displeasuresich (dat)zuziehen, auf sich (acc)ziehen; penaltybelegt werden mit; riskeingehen, laufen; to incur the wrath of somebodyjds Zorn auf sich (acc)ziehen
(Fin) losserleiden; debts, expensesmachen; costshaben; other expenses incurredweitere Auslagen or Ausgaben pl

incur

[ɪnˈkɜːʳ] vt (debt, obligation) → contrarre; (expenses) → andare incontro a; (loss) → subire; (anger) → attirarsi; (risk) → esporsi a

incur

(inˈkəː) past tense, past participle inˈcurred verb
1. to bring (something unpleasant) on oneself. to incur someone's displeasure.
2. to become liable to pay (a debt). to incur enormous debts.
References in classic literature ?
Notwithstanding the high resolution of Hawkeye he fully comprehended all the difficulties and danger he was about to incur.
If so, we are left to dispose of the awful query, whether each inheritor of the property-conscious of wrong, and failing to rectify it--did not commit anew the great guilt of his ancestor, and incur all its original responsibilities.
He struck her, inevitably, as gallant and splendid, but what took her most of all and gave her the courage she afterward showed was that he put the whole thing to her as a kind of favor, an obligation he should gratefully incur.
The slight reproach to which the virtue of patriotism is commonly liable, the noble are most likely to incur.
I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and incur my own abhor- rence.
She told me that her anguish had at last spurred Linton to incur the risk of liberating her.
Monseigneur, as a class, had dissociated himself from the phenomenon of his not being appreciated: of his being so little wanted in France, as to incur considerable danger of receiving his dismissal from it, and this life together.
It is not merely, my pet,' said I, 'that we lose money and comfort, and even temper sometimes, by not learning to be more careful; but that we incur the serious responsibility of spoiling everyone who comes into our service, or has any dealings with us.
On the contrary, I fear I shall incur the censure of presumption in placing the venerable name of Dr Jonas Dryasdust at the head of a publication, which the more grave antiquary will perhaps class with the idle novels and romances of the day.
What little cloud may have rose upon our domestic horizon has past away; and, governor" here Smilash's voice fell with graver emphasis--"them as interferes betwixt man and wife now will incur a nevvy responsibility.
At last, I fixed upon a resolution, for which it is probable I may incur some censure, and not unjustly; for I confess I owe the preserving of mine eyes, and consequently my liberty, to my own great rashness and want of experience; because, if I had then known the nature of princes and ministers, which I have since observed in many other courts, and their methods of treating criminals less obnoxious than myself, I should, with great alacrity and readiness, have submitted to so easy a punishment.
One of those on horseback addressing his companion said to him, "It seems to me, Senor Vivaldo, that we may reckon as well spent the delay we shall incur in seeing this remarkable funeral, for remarkable it cannot but be judging by the strange things these shepherds have told us, of both the dead shepherd and homicide shepherdess.