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Related to independence: Declaration of Independence


A city of western Missouri, a suburb of Kansas City. It was a starting point for the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails during the 1800s.


1. The state or quality of being independent.
2. Archaic Sufficient income for comfortable self-support; a competence.


the state or quality of being independent. Also called: independency


(Placename) a city in W Missouri, near Kansas City: starting point for the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails (1831–44). Pop: 112 079 (2003 est)


(ˌɪn dɪˈpɛn dəns)

1. the quality or state of being independent.
2. Archaic. a sufficient income; competence.


(ˌɪn dɪˈpɛn dəns)

a city in W Missouri: starting point of the Santa Fe and Oregon trails. 110,303.




independent as a hog on ice Cockily self-assured; pigheadedly independent.

He don’t appear to care nothing for nobody—he’s “independent as a hog on ice.” (San Francisco Call, April, 1857)

It has been unconvincingly conjectured that this American expression, popular since the 1800s, derives from the Scottish ice game of curling in which hog refers to a pucklike stone that stops short of its goal, thus coming to rest and sitting sluggishly immovable on the ice.

But no other proffered explanation appears plausible either. The puzzling simile nevertheless continues on in popular usage.

They like to think of themselves as independents—independent as a hog on ice. (Time, August, 1948)

lone wolf A loner; one who, although leading an active social life, chooses not to divulge his personal philosophies; a person who pursues neither close friendship nor intimate relationships. Although most wolves live in small packs, some choose to live and hunt solitarily. The expression’s contemporary usage often carries an implication of aloofness to or disillusionment with the mainstream of society.

An individualist to be watched unless he should develop into too much of a lone wolf. (G. F. Newman, Sir, You Bastard, 1970)

march to the beat of a different drummer To follow the dictates of one’s own conscience instead of prevailing convention; to act in accord with one’s own feelings instead of following the crowd; also, to be odd or eccentric. This expression comes from these now famous words of Henry David Thoreau in Walden, or Life in the Woods (1854):

If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away.

If one man in a marching column is out of step, it may look as if he is marching to the beat of another drummer, or as if he is simply “out of it.” Such a one is considered either an independent or an eccentric.

maverick An intractable or refractory person; a person who adheres to unconventional or unpopular ideals that set him apart from society’s mainstream; a dissenter, a loner. This expression is credited to the early 19th-century Texas rancher Samuel Maverick, who consistently neglected to brand his cattle, and it still maintains its meaning of an unbranded cow, steer, or calf. Through allusion to these unmarked cattle, maverick evolved its now more common nonconformist sense by the late 1800s:

A very muzzy Maverick smote his sergeant on the nose. (Rudyard Kipling, Life’s Handicaps, 1892)

In the United States the expression has developed the additional meaning of a politician who resists affiliation with the established political parties, or whose views differ significantly from those of his fellow party members.

One Republican Senator, and by no means a conspicuous maverick, pointed out that the Senate might nave acted. (Chicago Daily News, 1948)

mugwump A politically independent person; a person who is indecisive or neutral on controversial issues. This expression is derived from the Algon-quian Indian word mogkiomp ‘great man, big chief,’ and was first used by Charles A. Dana of the New York Sun in reference to the Republicans who declined to support their party’s 1884 presidential candidate, James G. Baine. The term thus evolved its current figurative sense of a political maverick.

A few moments after Secretary Wallace made his pun, he hastened to add that he himself had been a mugwump. (Tuscaloosa News, March, 1946)

A jocular origin is ascribed to the word: a mugwump is one who sits on the fence, with his mug on one side and his wump on the other. In addition to its political sense, the British use mugwump to describe a self-important person who assumes airs and behaves in an aloof or pompous manner.

sail against the wind To think or act independently of popular or accepted convention, opinion, trends, etc.; to march to the beat of a different drummer. This expression refers to the difficulty of sailing into a wind in order to reach one’s destination. Although sail against the wind is sometimes applied figuratively to a person who is inflexible and stubborn, it more often refers to one who does not succumb to peer or social pressure, but rather pursues his own course irrespective of the opinions and customs of others.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.independence - freedom from control or influence of another or othersindependence - freedom from control or influence of another or others
freedom - the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints
autonomy, liberty - immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence
autarchy, autarky - economic independence as a national policy
separateness - political independence; "seeking complete political separateness for Taiwan"
2.independence - the successful ending of the American Revolution; "they maintained close relations with England even after independence"
triumph, victory - a successful ending of a struggle or contest; "a narrow victory"; "the general always gets credit for his army's victory"; "clinched a victory"; "convincing victory"; "the agreement was a triumph for common sense"
3.Independence - a city in western Missouri; the beginning of the Santa Fe Trail
Missouri, Show Me State, MO - a midwestern state in central United States; a border state during the American Civil War, Missouri was admitted to the Confederacy without actually seceding from the Union


2. self-sufficiency, self-reliance, self-sustenance He was afraid of losing his independence.
3. neutrality, detachment, objectivity, impartiality, fairness, disinterest, open-mindedness, even-handedness, disinterestedness, dispassion, nonpartisanship, lack of bias He stressed the importance of the judge's independence.
"It is easy in the world to live after the world's opinion; it is easy in solitude after our own; but the great man is he who, in the midst of the crowd, keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude" [Ralph Waldo Emerson `Self-Reliance']
"He travels the fastest who travels alone" [Rudyard Kipling The Story of the Gadsbys]


1. The condition of being politically free:
2. The capacity to manage one's own affairs, make one's own judgments, and provide for oneself:
függetlenségönállóságanyagi függetlenség
sự độc lập


A. Nindependencia f
war of independenceguerra f de independencia
Zaire gained or won independence in 1960Zaire obtuvo la independencia or se independizó en 1960
B. CPD Independence Day NDía m de la Independencia FOURTH OF JULY


[ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns] n
[country] → indépendance f
to declare independence → déclarer son indépendance
to declare independence from → s'affranchir de
[person] → indépendance f
to lose one's independence → perdre son indépendance
independence of mind → indépendance d'espritIndependence Day n (US)fête f de l'Indépendance américaine (le 4 juillet)


nUnabhängigkeit f(of von); (of person: in attitude, spirit also) → Selbstständigkeit f; to gain or achieve/declare independencedie Unabhängigkeit erlangen/erklären


[ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns] nindipendenza
the country gained independence in 1964 → il paese ha conquistato l'indipendenza nel 1964


(indiˈpendənt) adjective
1. not controlled by other people, countries etc. an independent country; That country is now independent of Britain.
2. not willing to accept help. an independent old lady.
3. having enough money to support oneself. She is completely independent and receives no money from her family; She is now independent of her parents.
4. not relying on, or affected by, something or someone else. an independent observer; to arrive at an independent conclusion.
indeˈpendence noun
indeˈpendently adverb


إِسْتِقْلال nezávislost uafhængighed Unabhängigkeit ανεξαρτησία independencia itsenäisyys indépendance neovisnost indipendenza 独立 독립 onafhankelijkheid uavhengighet niezależność independência независимость självständighet อิสรภาพ bağımsızlık sự độc lập 独立
References in classic literature ?
Believing that they could not begin too early to cultivate energy, industry, and independence, their parents consented, and both fell to work with the hearty good will which in spite of all obstacles is sure to succeed at last.
I know I shall like it, like the feeling of freedom and independence.
This same slighted, forgotten, uncomprehended, but still foolish and forgiving Nature seemed to be bending over her frightened and listening ear with vague but thrilling murmurings of freedom and independence.
Turned out for Sunday by his uncle's tailor, who had had a free hand and a notion of pretty waistcoats and of his grand little air, Miles's whole title to independence, the rights of his sex and situation, were so stamped upon him that if he had suddenly struck for freedom I should have had nothing to say.
Glimpses do ye seem to see of that mortally intolerable truth; that all deep, earnest thinking is but the intrepid effort of the soul to keep the open independence of her sea; while the wildest winds of heaven and earth conspire to cast her on the treacherous, slavish shore?
In fact, everybody in the room bore on his head this characteristic emblem of man's sovereignty; whether it were felt hat, palm-leaf, greasy beaver, or fine new chapeau, there it reposed with true republican independence.
No wealth can buy the requisite leisure, freedom, and independence which are the capital in this profession.
Unabhaengigkeitserklaerungen" seems to be "Independencedeclarations," which is no improvement upon "Declarations of Independence," so far as I can see.
All of a sudden he heaves all the tea in Boston Harbor overboard, and whacks out a declaration of independence, and dares them to come on.
A couple of trips made her wonted and easygoing at the work, and infatuated her with the stir and adventure and independence of steamboat life.
It came to her naturally, so her family said, and perhaps for this reason she, like Tom Tulliver's clergyman tutor, "set about it with that uniformity of method and independence of circumstances which distinguish the actions of animals understood to be under the immediate teaching of Nature.
They say the fathers, in 1776, signed the Declaration of Independence with the halter about their necks.