When it is used as a preposition, it introduces the -ing form of the verb (or sometimes the bare infinitive, as explained above); but when as well as is used as a phrasal connective, it introduces an independent clause
(which has a noun-verb transaction).
We also start to see how a long adverbial and a simple independent clause
or even two short independent clauses
and a longer independent clause
may be prosodically equivalent; that is, according to the prosodic hierarchy, they may be equivalent prosodic units, and share similar tempo and duration, despite their not being syntactic equivalents.
The Cassation Court highlighted that as long as the liquidated damages clause or penalty clause is an independent clause
which the parties have agreed will survive termination, it will be effective after the termination of the contract.
When a sentence contains a subject, a verb, and a subordinating conjunction such as the word although--that is, when it is a subordinate clause--it is structurally incomplete unless it is joined to a main or independent clause
Just as noun groups can be expanded to pack in more meaning, we can look at examples of expansion in sentences, whereby the main or independent clause
is expanded by adding dependent clauses or phrases or groups.
The evidential meaning was foregrounded when the non-finite verb form, which functioned as a complement of an utterance verb, became an independent clause
, whereby the non-finite form acquired the function of a finite form (cf.
A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause
with no dependent clauses.
The Elements of Style (Strunk, 1935) instructs us to place a comma before a conjunction introducing an independent clause
The long dependent clauses provide the "where" and "when" information, and they build up anticipation of the "what" information that is finally revealed in the independent clause
The clausal structure of Judges 13:21, an independent clause
beginning with a negated qatal form (a so-called perfect verbal form) followed by an independent clause
introduced by az with a qatal form, appears as well in I Kings 8:11-12 (= II Chronicles 6:1).
Examining coordinate structures with subordinate properties, subordinate structures with coordinate properties, subordinate structures with independent clause
properties, and subordination markers with properties of both nouns and subordinating conjunctions, she argues that the associations of syntactic representations with semantic representations in mismatch cases are arbitrary and that they participate in their own semantic and syntax systems, thus providing evidence for the autonomy of different levels of grammar.
Dawkins describes a "hierarchy of the essential syntactic punctuation marks" (period, semicolon, colon, dash, comma, and zero) that he associates with "five basic syntactic structures" (independent clause
, independent clause
with an introducer, independent clause
with an interrupter, independent clause
with a concluder, and compounded independent clauses