indurate


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Related to indurate: ignescent, obdurate

in·du·rate

 (ĭn′də-rāt′, -dyə-)
v. in·du·rat·ed, in·du·rat·ing, in·du·rates
v.tr.
1. To make hard; harden: soil that had been indurated by extremes of climate.
2. To inure, as to hardship or ridicule.
3. To make callous or obdurate: "It is the curse of revolutionary calamities to indurate the heart" (Helen Maria Williams).
v.intr.
1. To grow hard; harden.
2. To become firmly fixed or established.
adj. (ĭn′do͝o-rĭt, -dyə-)
Hardened; obstinate; unfeeling.

[Latin indūrāre, indūrāt- : in-, intensive pref.; see in-2 + dūrus, hard; see deru- in Indo-European roots.]

in′du·ra′tive adj.

indurate

vb
1. to make or become hard or callous
2. to make or become hardy
adj
hardened, callous, or unfeeling
[C16: from Latin indūrāre to make hard; see endure]
ˌinduˈration n
ˈinduˌrative adj

in•du•rate

(v. ˈɪn dʊˌreɪt, -dyʊ-; adj. ˈɪn dʊ rɪt, -dyʊ-; ɪnˈdʊər ɪt, -ˈdyʊər-)

v. -rat•ed, -rat•ing,
adj. v.t.
1. to make hard; harden: Pressure and heat indurate the rock.
2. to make callous, stubborn, or unfeeling.
3. to inure; accustom.
4. to make enduring; establish.
v.i.
5. to become hard.
6. to become established.
adj.
7. hardened; unfeeling.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin indūrāre to harden =in- in-2 + dūrāre, v. derivative of dūrūs hard]

indurate


Past participle: indurated
Gerund: indurating

Imperative
indurate
indurate
Present
I indurate
you indurate
he/she/it indurates
we indurate
you indurate
they indurate
Preterite
I indurated
you indurated
he/she/it indurated
we indurated
you indurated
they indurated
Present Continuous
I am indurating
you are indurating
he/she/it is indurating
we are indurating
you are indurating
they are indurating
Present Perfect
I have indurated
you have indurated
he/she/it has indurated
we have indurated
you have indurated
they have indurated
Past Continuous
I was indurating
you were indurating
he/she/it was indurating
we were indurating
you were indurating
they were indurating
Past Perfect
I had indurated
you had indurated
he/she/it had indurated
we had indurated
you had indurated
they had indurated
Future
I will indurate
you will indurate
he/she/it will indurate
we will indurate
you will indurate
they will indurate
Future Perfect
I will have indurated
you will have indurated
he/she/it will have indurated
we will have indurated
you will have indurated
they will have indurated
Future Continuous
I will be indurating
you will be indurating
he/she/it will be indurating
we will be indurating
you will be indurating
they will be indurating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been indurating
you have been indurating
he/she/it has been indurating
we have been indurating
you have been indurating
they have been indurating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been indurating
you will have been indurating
he/she/it will have been indurating
we will have been indurating
you will have been indurating
they will have been indurating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been indurating
you had been indurating
he/she/it had been indurating
we had been indurating
you had been indurating
they had been indurating
Conditional
I would indurate
you would indurate
he/she/it would indurate
we would indurate
you would indurate
they would indurate
Past Conditional
I would have indurated
you would have indurated
he/she/it would have indurated
we would have indurated
you would have indurated
they would have indurated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.indurate - become fixed or established; "indurated customs"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
2.indurate - make hard or harder; "The cold hardened the butter"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
face-harden - harden steel by adding carbon
callus - cause a callus to form on; "The long march had callused his feet"
anneal, temper, normalize - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling; "temper glass"
harden, indurate - become hard or harder; "The wax hardened"
3.indurate - become hard or harder; "The wax hardened"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
encrust, incrust - form a crust or a hard layer
callus - form a callus or calluses; "His foot callused"
harden, indurate - make hard or harder; "The cold hardened the butter"
calcify - become impregnated with calcium salts
cure - make (substances) hard and improve their usability; "cure resin"; "cure cement"; "cure soap"
4.indurate - cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate; "He was inured to the cold"
callous, cauterise, cauterize - make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals
brace oneself for, prepare for, steel oneself against, steel onself for - prepare mentally or emotionally for something unpleasant
accustom, habituate - make psychologically or physically used (to something); "She became habituated to the background music"
Adj.1.indurate - emotionally hardened; "a callous indifference to suffering"; "cold-blooded and indurate to public opinion"
insensitive - deficient in human sensibility; not mentally or morally sensitive; "insensitive to the needs of the patients"

indurate

verb
1. To make or become physically hard:
2. To make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure:
References in periodicals archive ?
americanus are drupes containing an indurate endocarp (Green 1958), and vascular strands within the pericarp are located in the outer portions of the endocarp adjacent to the mesocarp (Figures 6 and 7), a location identical to that of Olea europaea L.
Weathering type profile overlying the shelf (or ignimbrite facies) comprised two main sets of horizons: (1) a multicoloured alterites and (2) interbasaltic red bole mantle, capped in place by indurate carapace or pyroclastic neck.
My confession and subsequent pardon by the portly Franciscan had slit a hairline of hope in my indurate chest, through which, widening, I now saw illumined the pulsing prospect of myself both new and improved.