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industrial revolutionalso Industrial Revolution
The complex of radical socioeconomic changes, such as the ones that took place in England in the late 1700s, that are brought about when extensive mechanization of production systems results in a shift from home-based hand manufacturing to large-scale factory production.
(Historical Terms) the Industrial Revolution the transformation in the 18th and 19th centuries of first Britain and then other W European countries and the US into industrial nations
(often caps.) the complex of social and economic changes resulting from the mechanization of industry that began in England about 1760.