infectious disease

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Noun1.infectious disease - a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
communicable disease - a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
acquired immune deficiency syndrome, AIDS - a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
brucellosis, Gibraltar fever, Malta fever, Mediterranean fever, Rock fever, undulant fever - infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache
Asiatic cholera, cholera, epidemic cholera, Indian cholera - an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
breakbone fever, dandy fever, dengue, dengue fever - an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
dysentery - an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
epidemic disease - any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people
hepatitis - inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
herpes - viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
glandular fever, infectious mononucleosis, kissing disease, mono, mononucleosis - an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
Hansen's disease, leprosy - chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
listeria meningitis, listeriosis - an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes; in sheep and cattle the infection frequently involves the central nervous system and causes various neurological symptoms
meningitis - infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
epidemic parotitis, mumps - an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
paratyphoid, paratyphoid fever - any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
acute anterior poliomyelitis, infantile paralysis, polio, poliomyelitis - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
ratbite fever - either of two infectious diseases transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat or mouse; characterized by fever and headache and nausea and skin eruptions
rickettsial disease, rickettsiosis - infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
recurrent fever, relapsing fever - marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks; characterized by episodes of high fever and chills and headache and muscle pain and nausea that recur every week or ten days for several months
rheumatic fever - a severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves
miliary fever, sweating sickness - epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality
T.B., tuberculosis, TB - infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
enteric fever, typhoid, typhoid fever - serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
pertussis, whooping cough - a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
frambesia, framboesia, yaws - an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
black vomit, yellow fever, yellow jack - caused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
References in classic literature ?
Ah, friend, an infectious disease is indeed a misfortune, for now we poor and miserable folk must perforce keep apart from one another, lest the infection be increased.
The Lady Blanche avoided her as if she had been an infectious disease.
This report provides a worldwide overview of the infectious disease testing market environment, structure, size and growth.
Beijing, Rabi'I 9, 1435, Jan 10, 2014, SPA -- A total of 1,764 people died of infectious diseases on the Chinese mainland in December 2013, the National Health and Family Planning Commission announced on Friday.
This zoonoses theme issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) corroborates this finding, presenting reports of zoonotic disease from all comers of the globe, including the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Slovakia, Indonesia, the United States, Israel, Bangladesh, the Netherlands, Brazil, Algeria, India, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Italy.
Reimbursement for these costs under the grant is subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions by CombinatoRx Singapore, including completion of the development project for infectious disease within a specified timeline, spending specified amounts on the project, the completion of other development milestones and the maintenance of specified levels of employment in Singapore.
Increasingly in recent years, meteorological satellite data has been used to model the spatial and seasonal dynamics of infectious disease transmission and develop affordable early warning systems for malaria (Thomson et al.
Preparing for a possible anthrax attack cannot be done at the expense of dealing with very real public health threats such as West Nile virus, SARS, HIV/AIDS or a new emerging infectious disease,'' they wrote.
Regis notes that, contrary to expectations, infectious disease mortality in the United States rose between 1980 and 1992, a period when the CDC was spreading itself thin by taking on projects far afield from its original mandate.
17 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), the annual death rate from all infectious diseases increased over that period from 41 to 65 deaths per 100,000 people.
With all the frightening headlines about various mystery illnesses and AIDS, the fear of any sexual contact, the demand for compulsory blood tests, it is easy to forget that only a hundred years ago infectious diseases killed millions of people.

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