inflammation


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

in·flam·ma·tion

 (ĭn′flə-mā′shən)
n.
1. The act of inflaming or the state of being inflamed.
2. A localized protective reaction of tissue to irritation, injury, or infection, characterized by pain, redness, swelling, and sometimes loss of function.

inflammation

(ˌɪnfləˈmeɪʃən)
n
1. (Pathology) the reaction of living tissue to injury or infection, characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain
2. the act of inflaming or the state of being inflamed

in•flam•ma•tion

(ˌɪn fləˈmeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. redness, swelling, and fever in a local area of the body, often with pain and disturbed function, in reaction to an infection or to a physical or chemical injury.
2. the act or fact of inflaming.
3. the state of being inflamed.
[1525–35; < Latin]

in·flam·ma·tion

(ĭn′flə-mā′shən)
The reaction of a part of the body to injury or infection, characterized by swelling, heat, and pain. Inflammation increases the amount of blood flow to the injured area, bringing in more white blood cells and often healing the damaged tissue.

inflammation

  • pleuritis, pleurisy - Greek pleura, "side" or "rib," came to be used for the "inner lining of the chest; lungs," and pleuritis or pleurisy is the inflammation of this area.
  • intertrigo - Inflammation caused by the rubbing of one area of skin on another.
  • phlegm - Comes from Latin phlegma, "clammy moisture," and Greek phlegma, "inflammation."
  • polio - An abbreviation of poliomyelitis, from Greek polios, "gray," and muelos, "marrow," meaning "inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord."

inflammation

Heat, pain, redness, and swelling in infected or injured tissue. It occurs as blood vessels dilate in response to damage and as white blood cells engulf microorganisms and dead tissue.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inflammation - a response of body tissues to injury or irritationinflammation - a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
inflammatory disease - a disease characterized by inflammation
adenitis - inflammation of a gland or lymph node
alveolitis - inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic
alveolitis, dry socket - inflammation in the socket of a tooth; sometimes occurs after a tooth is extracted and a blood clot fails to form
angiitis - inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
aortitis - inflammation of the aorta
appendicitis - inflammation of the vermiform appendix
arteritis - inflammation of an artery
balanitis - inflammation of the head of the penis
balanoposthitis - inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
blepharitis - inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
bursitis - inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
carditis - inflammation of the heart
catarrh - inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus
cellulitis - an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
cervicitis - inflammation of the uterine cervix
cheilitis - inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
cholangitis - inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystitis - inflammation of the gall bladder
chorditis - inflammation of the vocal cords
chorditis - inflammation of the spermatic cord
colitis, inflammatory bowel disease - inflammation of the colon
colpitis - inflammation of the vagina
colpocystitis - inflammation of the vagina and bladder
conjunctivitis, pinkeye - inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
corditis - inflammation of the spermatic cord
costochondritis - inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage
dacryocystitis - inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
diverticulitis - inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation
cephalitis, encephalitis, phrenitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
encephalomyelitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
endarteritis - inflammation of the inner lining of an artery
endocervicitis - inflammation of the mucous lining of the uterine cervix
enteritis - inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
epicondylitis - painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
epididymitis - painful inflammation of the epididymis
epiglottitis - inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
episcleritis - inflammation of the sclera of the eye
esophagitis, oesophagitis - inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
fibrositis - inflammation of white fibrous tissues (especially muscle sheaths)
fibromyositis - local inflammation of muscle and connective tissue
folliculitis - inflammation of a hair follicle
funiculitis - inflammation of a funiculus (especially an inflammation of the spermatic cord)
gastritis - inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
glossitis - inflammation of the tongue
hydrarthrosis - inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid
ileitis - inflammation of the ileum
iridocyclitis - inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye
iridokeratitis - inflammation of the iris and cornea of the eye
iritis - inflammation of the iris
jejunitis - inflammation of the jejunum of the small intestine
jejunoileitis - inflammation of the jejunum and the ileum of the small intestine
keratitis - inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
keratoconjunctivitis - inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
keratoiritis - inflammation of the cornea and the iris of the eye
keratoscleritis - inflammation of the cornea and sclera of the eye
2.inflammation - the state of being emotionally aroused and worked upinflammation - the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up; "his face was flushed with excitement and his hands trembled"; "he tried to calm those who were in a state of extreme inflammation"
emotional arousal - the arousal of strong emotions and emotional behavior
fever pitch - a state of extreme excitement; "the crowd was at fever pitch"
sensation - a state of widespread public excitement and interest; "the news caused a sensation"
3.inflammation - arousal to violent emotion
arousal, rousing - the act of arousing; "the purpose of art is the arousal of emotions"
4.inflammation - the act of setting something on fire
burning, combustion - the act of burning something; "the burning of leaves was prohibited by a town ordinance"

inflammation

noun swelling, soreness, burning, heat, sore, rash, tenderness, redness, painfulness The drug can cause inflammation of the liver.

inflammation

noun
An instance of being irritated, as in a part of the body:
Translations
إلْتِهاب، تَوَرُّمالتِهَابٌ
zánětzápal
betændelse
tulehdus
upala
gyulladás
bólga, òroti
炎症
염증
zápal
inflammation
การอักเสบ
iltihapkızarıp şişmeyangı
sự viêm nhiễm

inflammation

[ˌɪnfləˈmeɪʃən] N (Med) [of wound] → inflamación f

inflammation

[ˌɪnfləˈmeɪʃən] ninflammation f

inflammation

n
(Med) → Entzündung f
(fig, of passion, anger etc) → Aufstacheln nt, → Aufstachelung f

inflammation

[ˌɪnfləˈmeɪʃn] ninfiammazione f

inflammable

(inˈflӕməbl) adjective
easily set on fire. Paper is highly inflammable.
inˌflammaˈbility noun
inflammation (infləˈmeiʃən) noun
(a place in the body where there is) development of heat with pain, redness and swelling. Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils.
inflammable means the same as flammable:
a highly inflammable gas.

inflammation

التِهَابٌ zánět betændelse Entzündung φλεγμονή inflamación tulehdus inflammation upala infiammazione 炎症 염증 ontsteking betennelse zapalenie inflamação воспаление inflammation การอักเสบ yangı sự viêm nhiễm 炎症

in·flam·ma·tion

n. inflamación, reacción de un tejido lesionado.

inflammation

n inflamación f
References in classic literature ?
I was now very ill; a strong inflammation had attacked my lungs, and I could not draw my breath without pain.
The student duels in Germany occasion two or three deaths every year, now, but this arises only from the carelessness of the wounded men; they eat or drink imprudently, or commit excesses in the way of overexertion; inflammation sets in and gets such a headway that it cannot be arrested.
She deliberately disfigured herself by artificially reddening the insides of her eyelids so as to produce an appearance of inflammation which no human creature but a doctor -- and that doctor at close quarters -- could have detected as false.
Crupp was a martyr to a curious disorder called 'the spazzums', which was generally accompanied with inflammation of the nose, and required to be constantly treated with peppermint; secondly, that something peculiar in the temperature of my pantry, made the brandy-bottles burst; thirdly, that I was alone in the world, and much given to record that circumstance in fragments of English versification.
This resulted in inflammation of the lungs, which rapidly increased.
Beyond was a fringe of excitement, and farther than that fringe the inflammation had not crept as yet.
Morrel bringing a doctor, and the doctor said it was inflammation of the bowels, and ordered him a limited diet.
He did not contradict his clever and eloquent counsel, who argued that the brain fever, or inflammation of the brain, was the cause of the crime; clearly proving that this malady had existed long before the murder was perpetrated, and had been brought on by the sufferings of the accused.
His feverish state and the inflammation of his bowels, which were injured, were in the doctor's opinion sure to carry him off.
But it struck me that I ought to leave these selfish pleasures, and the park with its glorious canopy of bright blue sky, the west wind sounding through its yet leafless branches, the snow-wreaths still lingering in its hollows, but melting fast beneath the sun, and the graceful deer browsing on its moist herbage already assuming the freshness and verdure of spring--and go to the cottage of one Nancy Brown, a widow, whose son was at work all day in the fields, and who was afflicted with an inflammation in the eyes; which had for some time incapacitated her from reading: to her own great grief, for she was a woman of a serious, thoughtful turn of mind.
It was evidently a slow poison, and not too strong, that the bushmen used, for the wounded Poonga-Poonga man was still alive, and though his swollen shoulder was enormous, the inflammation had already begun to go down.
As it was, the inflammation rose rapidly and made a nasty case of it.