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Related to influence: Undue influence


1. A power affecting a person, thing, or course of events, especially one that operates without any direct or apparent effort: the pervasive influence that TV has on modern life; young people falling under the influence of a radical philosopher.
2. Power to sway or affect based on prestige, wealth, ability, or position: used her family's influence to get the job.
3. A person who exerts such power: My parents considered my friend to be a bad influence on me.
a. A determining factor believed by some to affect individual tendencies and characteristics understood to be caused by the positions of the stars and planets at the time of one's birth.
b. Factors believed to be caused by the changing positions of the stars and planets in relation to their positions at the time of one's birth.
tr.v. in·flu·enced, in·flu·enc·ing, in·flu·enc·es
1. To have an influence on (something); change: a news report that influenced the outcome of the election.
2. To change the behavior or thinking of (someone); sway: negative ads that are intended to influence voters.
under the influence
Intoxicated, especially with alcohol.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, influx, from Latin īnfluēns, īnfluent-, present participle of īnfluere, to flow in : in-, in; see in-2 + fluere, to flow; see bhleu- in Indo-European roots.]

in′flu·ence·a·ble adj.
in′flu·enc·er n.


1. an effect of one person or thing on another
2. the power of a person or thing to have such an effect
3. power or sway resulting from ability, wealth, position, etc
4. a person or thing having influence
5. (Astrology) astrology an ethereal fluid or occult power regarded as emanating from the stars and affecting a person's actions, future, etc
6. under the influence informal drunk
vb (tr)
7. to persuade or induce
8. to have an effect upon (actions, events, etc); affect
[C14: from Medieval Latin influentia emanation of power from the stars, from Latin influere to flow into, from fluere to flow]
ˈinfluenceable adj
ˈinfluencer n


(ˈɪn flu əns)

n., v. -enced, -enc•ing. n.
1. the capacity or power of persons or things to produce effects on others by intangible or indirect means.
2. the action or process of producing such effects.
3. a person or thing that exerts influence.
4. the power to persuade or obtain advantages resulting from one's status, wealth, position, etc.
5. Astrol.
a. the supposed radiation of an ethereal fluid from the stars, regarded as affecting human actions and destinies.
b. the exercise of occult power by the stars.
6. Obs. influx.
7. to exercise influence on; affect.
8. to move or impel (a person) to some action.
under the influence, Law. less than drunk but with one's nervous system impaired.
[1325–75; Middle English < Medieval Latin influentia stellar emanation]
in′flu•enc•er, n.
syn: See authority.


1. used as a noun

You use influence as a noun to refer to the power that someone or something has to affect people's behaviour or decisions.

His wife had a lot of influence.
His teachings still exert a strong influence.

If you want to mention the person or thing affected, you use on.

He was a bad influence on the children.
We shall be looking at the influence of religion on society.

Be Careful!
You do not use 'influence' to refer to a change or event that is the result of something. The word you use is effect.

The incident had a great effect on Serge. He was very shocked by it.
The intense heat had no effect on the spacecraft.
2. used as a verb

You can also use influence as a verb. You say that one person or thing influences another.

I didn't want him to influence me in my choice.
There was little opportunity to influence foreign policy.


Past participle: influenced
Gerund: influencing

I influence
you influence
he/she/it influences
we influence
you influence
they influence
I influenced
you influenced
he/she/it influenced
we influenced
you influenced
they influenced
Present Continuous
I am influencing
you are influencing
he/she/it is influencing
we are influencing
you are influencing
they are influencing
Present Perfect
I have influenced
you have influenced
he/she/it has influenced
we have influenced
you have influenced
they have influenced
Past Continuous
I was influencing
you were influencing
he/she/it was influencing
we were influencing
you were influencing
they were influencing
Past Perfect
I had influenced
you had influenced
he/she/it had influenced
we had influenced
you had influenced
they had influenced
I will influence
you will influence
he/she/it will influence
we will influence
you will influence
they will influence
Future Perfect
I will have influenced
you will have influenced
he/she/it will have influenced
we will have influenced
you will have influenced
they will have influenced
Future Continuous
I will be influencing
you will be influencing
he/she/it will be influencing
we will be influencing
you will be influencing
they will be influencing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been influencing
you have been influencing
he/she/it has been influencing
we have been influencing
you have been influencing
they have been influencing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been influencing
you will have been influencing
he/she/it will have been influencing
we will have been influencing
you will have been influencing
they will have been influencing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been influencing
you had been influencing
he/she/it had been influencing
we had been influencing
you had been influencing
they had been influencing
I would influence
you would influence
he/she/it would influence
we would influence
you would influence
they would influence
Past Conditional
I would have influenced
you would have influenced
he/she/it would have influenced
we would have influenced
you would have influenced
they would have influenced
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.influence - a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etcinfluence - a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc; "used her parents' influence to get the job"
power, powerfulness - possession of controlling influence; "the deterrent power of nuclear weapons"; "the power of his love saved her"; "his powerfulness was concealed by a gentle facade"
dead hand of the past, mortmain, dead hand - the oppressive influence of past events or decisions
force - a powerful effect or influence; "the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
grasp, grip - an intellectual hold or understanding; "a good grip on French history"; "they kept a firm grip on the two top priorities"; "he was in the grip of a powerful emotion"; "a terrible power had her in its grasp"
2.influence - causing something without any direct or apparent effort
causation, causing - the act of causing something to happen
cross-pollination - stimulating influence among diverse elements; "the cross-pollination of the arts"
exposure - the act of subjecting someone to an influencing experience; "she denounced the exposure of children to pornography"
impingement, encroachment, impact - influencing strongly; "they resented the impingement of American values on European culture"
manipulation, use - exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage; "his manipulation of his friends was scandalous"
hypnotism, mesmerism, suggestion - the act of inducing hypnosis
enticement, temptation - the act of influencing by exciting hope or desire; "his enticements were shameless"
3.influence - a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do; "her wishes had a great influence on his thinking"
causal factor, determinant, determining factor, determinative, determiner - a determining or causal element or factor; "education is an important determinant of one's outlook on life"
imponderable - a factor whose effects cannot be accurately assessed; "human behavior depends on many imponderables"
imprint - a distinctive influence; "English stills bears the imprint of the Norman invasion"
morale builder - something or someone who influences by building or strengthening morale
canker, pestilence - a pernicious and malign influence that is hard to get rid of; "racism is a pestilence at the heart of the nation"; "according to him, I was the canker in their midst"
support - something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest; "the policy found little public support"; "his faith was all the support he needed"; "the team enjoyed the support of their fans"
enticement, temptation - something that seduces or has the quality to seduce
4.influence - the effect of one thing (or person) on another; "the influence of mechanical action"
consequence, effect, result, upshot, outcome, event, issue - a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon; "the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwise"; "his decision had depressing consequences for business"; "he acted very wise after the event"
perturbation - (physics) a secondary influence on a system that causes it to deviate slightly
purchase - a means of exerting influence or gaining advantage; "he could get no purchase on the situation"
wind - a tendency or force that influences events; "the winds of change"
5.influence - one having power to influence another; "she was the most important influence in my life"; "he was a bad influence on the children"
power, force - one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority; "the mysterious presence of an evil power"; "may the force be with you"; "the forces of evil"
Verb1.influence - have and exert influence or effectinfluence - have and exert influence or effect; "The artist's work influenced the young painter"; "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"
affect, bear upon, impact, bear on, touch on, touch - have an effect upon; "Will the new rules affect me?"
prejudice, prepossess - influence (somebody's) opinion in advance
imprint, form - establish or impress firmly in the mind; "We imprint our ideas onto our children"
militate - have force or influence; bring about an effect or change; "Politeness militated against this opinion being expressed"
manipulate, pull strings, pull wires - influence or control shrewdly or deviously; "He manipulated public opinion in his favor"
colour, color - modify or bias; "His political ideas color his lectures"
swing over, swing - influence decisively; "This action swung many votes over to his side"
blackjack, blackmail, pressure - exert pressure on someone through threats
persuade, sway, carry - win approval or support for; "Carry all before one"; "His speech did not sway the voters"
get at - influence by corruption
fix - influence an event or its outcome by illegal means; "fix a race"
dominate - be in control; "Her husband completely dominates her"
2.influence - shape or influence; give direction to; "experience often determines ability"; "mold public opinion"
dispose, incline - make receptive or willing towards an action or attitude or belief; "Their language inclines us to believe them"
disincline, indispose - make unwilling
miscreate - shape or form or make badly; "Our miscreated fantasies"
carry weight - have influence to a specified degree; "Her opinion carries a lot of weight"
decide - influence or determine; "The vote in New Hampshire often decides the outcome of the Presidential election"
reshape - shape anew or differently; "The new foreign minister reshaped the foreign policy of his country"
time - set the speed, duration, or execution of; "we time the process to manufacture our cars very precisely"
index - adjust through indexation; "The government indexes wages and prices"
pace - regulate or set the pace of; "Pace your efforts"
predetermine - determine beforehand
cause, do, make - give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; "cause a commotion"; "make a stir"; "cause an accident"
3.influence - induce into action by using one's charm; "She charmed him into giving her all his money"
persuade - cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action; twist somebody's arm; "You can't persuade me to buy this ugly vase!"
magnetise, mesmerise, mesmerize, spellbind, magnetize, bewitch - attract strongly, as if with a magnet; "She magnetized the audience with her tricks"


1. control, power, authority, direction, command, domination, supremacy, mastery, ascendancy, mana (N.Z.) As he grew older, she had less influence and couldn't control him.
2. power, force, authority, pull (informal), weight, strength, connections, importance, prestige, clout (informal), leverage, good offices They should continue to use their influence for the release of all hostages.
3. effect, impact, impression, sway Many other medications have an influence on cholesterol levels.
4. spell, hold, power, rule, weight, magic, sway, allure, magnetism, enchantment I fell under the influence of a history master.
1. affect, have an effect on, have an impact on, control, concern, direct, guide, impact on, modify, bear upon, impinge upon, act or work upon What you eat may influence your risk of getting cancer.
2. persuade, move, prompt, urge, counsel, induce, incline, dispose, arouse, sway, rouse, entice, coax, incite, instigate, predispose, impel, prevail upon The conference influenced us to launch the campaign.
3. carry weight with, cut any ice with (informal), pull strings with (informal), bring pressure to bear upon, make yourself felt with Her attempt to influence the Press rebounded.
under the influence drunk, tight (informal), smashed (slang), canned (slang), flying (slang), bombed (slang), stoned (slang), wasted (slang), loaded (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), hammered (slang), steaming (slang), wrecked (slang), soaked (informal), out of it (slang), plastered (slang), drunken, blitzed (slang), pissed (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), lit up (slang), merry (Brit. informal), stewed (slang), pickled (informal), bladdered (slang), sloshed (slang), intoxicated, tipsy, maudlin, well-oiled (slang), legless (informal), paralytic (informal), tired and emotional (euphemistic), steamboats (Scot. slang), tiddly (slang, chiefly Brit.), off your face (slang), zonked (slang), blotto (slang), fuddled, inebriated, out to it (Austral. & N.Z. slang), tanked up (slang), bacchic, rat-arsed (taboo slang), Brahms and Liszt (slang), half seas over (informal), bevvied (dialect), babalas (S. African), fu' (Scot.), pie-eyed (slang) He was charged with driving under the influence.


1. The power or capacity to produce a desired result:
2. The power to produce an effect by indirect means:
Informal: clout.
Slang: pull.
3. The strong effect exerted by one person or thing on another:
To have an impact on in a certain way:
تأثيرسَطْوَةً، تأثير، سُلْطَهيُؤَثِّرُ فِييُؤَثِّر علىأَثَرُ
befolyásbefolyásolrossz hatással van rá
áhrifáhrifavaldurhafa áhrif á
영향영향을 미치다
daryti įtakąįtakaįtakingaiįtakingas
ảnh hưởnggây ảnh hưởng


A. Ninfluencia f (on sobre) a man of influenceun hombre influyente
to have an influence on sth [person] → tener influencia en or sobre algo, influir en or sobre algo
to be a good/bad influence on sbejercer buena/mala influencia sobre algn
to bring every influence to bear on sbejercer todas las presiones posibles sobre algn
to have influence with sbtener influencias con algn, tener enchufe con algn
to have influence over sbtener influencia or ascendiente sobre algn
to be under the influence of drink/drugsestar ebrio/drogado
under the influence (hum) → borracho
B. VT [+ person] → influenciar, influir en; [+ action, decision] → influir en or sobre
what factors influenced your decision?¿qué factores influyeron en tu decisión?
don't let him influence youno te dejes influenciar por él
the novelist has been influenced by Torrenteel novelista ha sufrido la influencia de or está influido por Torrente
to be easily influencedser muy influenciable


(= power) → influence f
to have a position of influence → avoir or occuper une position influente
people in positions of influence → les personnes ayant une position influente
to have an influence on sb → avoir une influence sur qn
She had a great influence on the family → Elle avait une grande influence sur la famille.
to have a major influence on sth → avoir une influence majeure sur qch
Van Gogh had a major influence on the development of modern painting → Van Gogh a eu une influence majeure sur le développement de la peinture moderne.
to have a good influence on sb → avoir une bonne influence sur qn
to have a bad influence on sb → avoir une mauvaise influence sur qn
under the influence of sth [+ alcohol, drugs] → sous l'influence de qch
driving under the influence of alcohol → conduite en état d'ivresse, conduite sous l'influence de l'alcool
to be under the influence (euphemism)être pris(e) de boisson
(= influential person or phenomenon) to be an influence on sb [person, environment, circumstances] → exercer son influence sur qn
My father has been a big influence on me → Mon père a exercé une très grosse influence sur moi.
The Shropshire landscape was an influence on Owen → Les paysages du Shropshire exerçaient leur influence sur Owen.
to be a bad influence on sb → exercer une mauvaise influence sur qn
He's a bad influence on her → Il a mauvaise influence sur elle., Il exerce une mauvaise influence sur elle.
to be a good influence on sb → exercer une bonne influence sur qn
vt [+ person] → influencer; [+ situation, outcome, prospects, risk] → influencer; [+ decision, choice] → influencer
to influence sb to do sth → inciter qn à faire qch
to influence sb in a decision → influencer qn dans sa décision
I didn't want him to influence me in my choice → Je ne voulais pas qu'il m'influence dans mon choix.


nEinfluss m (→ over auf +acc); to have an influence on somebody/something (person) → Einfluss auf jdn/etw haben; (fact, weather etc also) → Auswirkungen plauf jdn/etw haben; the weather had a great influence on the number of votersdas Wetter beeinflusste die Zahl der Wähler stark; the book had or was a great influence on himdas Buch hat ihn stark beeinflusst; to have a great deal of influence with somebodygroßen Einfluss bei jdm haben; he was a great influence in …er war ein bedeutender Faktor bei …; he’s been a bad influence on youer war ein schlechter Einfluss für Sie; to bring influence to bear on somebody, to exert an influence on somebodyEinfluss auf jdn ausüben; to use one’s influenceseinen Einfluss einsetzen; you have to have influence to get a job hereSie müssen schon einigen Einfluss haben, wenn Sie hier eine Stelle haben wollen; a man of influenceeine einflussreiche Person; under the influence of somebody/somethingunter jds Einfluss/dem Einfluss einer Sache; under the influence of drink/drugsunter Alkohol-/Drogeneinfluss, unter Alkohol-/Drogeneinwirkung; under the influence (inf)betrunken; the changes were due to American influencedie Veränderungen sind auf amerikanische Einflüsse zurückzuführen; one of my early influences was Becketteiner der Schriftsteller, die mich schon früh beeinflusst haben, war Beckett
vtbeeinflussen; to be easily influencedleicht beeinflussbar or zu beeinflussen sein


1. ninfluenza
to have an influence on sb/sth (subj, person) → avere un'influenza su qn/qc (event) → influenzare qn/qc (weather) → influire su qn/qc
to have influence with sb → avere un ascendente su qn
to be a good/bad influence on sb → avere or esercitare una buona/cattiva influenza su qn
under the influence of drugs → sotto l'effetto della droga
under the influence of drink → sotto l'effetto dell'alcol (Law) → in stato di ebbrezza
he was under the influence (fam) → aveva alzato il gomito
2. vt (person) → influenzare; (action, decision) → influire su, influenzare
to be easily influenced → essere facilmente influenzabile


(ˈinfluəns) noun
1. the power to affect people, actions or events. He used his influence to get her the job; He should not have driven the car while under the influence of alcohol.
2. a person or thing that has this power. She is a bad influence on him.
to have an effect on. The weather seems to influence her moods.
ˌinfluˈential (-ˈenʃəl) adjective
having much influence. He is in quite an influential job; He was influential in getting the plan accepted.
ˌinfluˈentially adverb


أَثَرُ, يُؤَثِّرُ فِي ovlivnit, vliv indflydelse, påvirke beeinflussen, Einfluss επηρεάζω, επιρροή influencia, influir vaikuttaa, vaikutus influence, influencer utjecaj, utjecati influenza, influenzare 影響, 影響を与える 영향, 영향을 미치다 beïnvloeden, invloed influere, innflytelse wpłynąć, wpływ influência, influenciar влияние, влиять inflytande, påverka มีอิทธิพล, อิทธิพล etki, etkilemek ảnh hưởng, gây ảnh hưởng 影响
References in classic literature ?
To Jo alone did the shy child tell her thoughts, and over her big harum-scarum sister Beth unconsciously exercised more influence than anyone in the family.
Perhaps our talking of them will arouse the poet who will tell the hidden wonder story of the influence for which the hands were but fluttering pennants of promise.
Lines were cast off and the boats moved out into the stream under the influence of the sturdy paddlers.
Read it as soon as you can," he said, rising, "but don't let it influence your own story.
There may have been--there must have been--influences, both subtle and apparent, working in their several ways to induce her to do this; but the most obvious was the influence of Adele Ratignolle.
Climate may have had great influence on the former, but it is difficult to see how it can have produced the substantial difference which exists in the latter.
Curiosity is natural to the soul of man, and interesting objects have a powerful influence on our affections.
This paper looks to me as if it KNEW what a vicious influence it had!
It did not occur to her that the doubts of her own practical nature were almost as dangerous and illogical as his enthusiasm, and that for that reason she was fast losing what little influence she possessed over him.
What greatly strengthens such a suspicion is the fact that this controversy between two ill-matched antagonists --at a period, moreover, laud it as we may, when personal influence had far more weight than now--remained for years undecided, and came to a close only with the death of the party occupying the disputed soil.
That protection could only consist in his own predominating brain and heart and hand, backed by a heedful, closely calculating attention to every minute atmospheric influence which it was possible for his crew to be subjected to.
It was now some time since Miss Taylor had begun to influence his schemes; but as it was not the tyrannic influence of youth on youth, it had not shaken his determination of never settling till he could purchase Randalls, and the sale of Randalls was long looked forward to; but he had gone steadily on, with these objects in view, till they were accomplished.